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Sep 27, 2021
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Zigzags of German politics

The elections to the Bundestag on September 26 were won by the Social Democrats (SPD), who received, according to official preliminary results, 25.7% of the vote. The CDU / CSU bloc received 24.1%, the Soyuz-90 / Greens party – 14.8%, the Free Democratic Party (FDP) – 11.5%, the Alternative for Germany (AfD) – 10.3%. The left-wing party (Die Linke), which won less than 5% of the electorate, did not get into parliament, but it will be able to form a small faction in the Bundestag, since its representatives Gregor Gizi and Gezine Lötsch received direct mandates in Berlin, and Søren Pelmann in Leipzig. The main contenders for the post of German chancellor, Olaf Scholz (SPD) and Armin Laschet (CDU), have announced their readiness to form a new government. The outcome of their competition is unclear. The leader of the Union-90 / Greens party, Annalena Berbock, acknowledged the mistakes that prevented the party from becoming the leading political force in Germany, although five months ago the Greens confidently led all public opinion polls. The drop in the rating of the greens and their leader Annalena Berbock is associated with the fall in industrial production in Germany this year and the aggravated social problems due to this. Of all the parties, the Greens were the most aggressive in their rejection of the Nord Stream 2 pipeline and in favor of sanctions against Russia. The results of the land elections in Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, which will benefit most from the launch of the new gas pipeline, are indicative. The SPD, which campaigned for Nord Stream 2, won here with 40% of the vote (in the previous elections in 2016, this party had 30.6% of the vote), and the CDU received the worst result ever (13.3%). yielding to the right-wing “Alternative” (16.7%). Euronews believes the election results “signify an unexpected renaissance for the Social Democratic Party, which was far behind in the race a few months ago.” At the same time, the socio-economic problems created by the fall of industry under the pressure of the “pandemic” have not disappeared, and the forecasts for economic recovery are deteriorating. The election programs of different parties differ little. The notorious “climate agenda” dominates. “In addition, the parties are quarreling among themselves over the question of who is to blame for the failure in Afghanistan and how to stop migration flows to Germany,” said Alexander Rahr. However, neither the question “Who is to blame?” Nor the question “How to stop the erosion of German society by elements alien to it?” No answer. Other problems are added as well. In the spring, CDU / CSU deputies were convicted of corruption while purchasing medical masks. Armin Laschet lost a lot when he smiled cheerfully while visiting lands affected by floods. Nevertheless, Deutsche Welle believes that Laschet could become chancellor if there is a combination of greens + CDU + FDP. The second version of the government coalition: Greens + SPD + FDP (Chancellor Scholz). When comparing the combinations, it is obvious that a change in one of the terms in one of the possible triple coalitions will not change the sum. Any government in Germany will promote the EU climate agenda (decarbonization, revision and expansion of the European Emissions Trading System). At the same time, a number of German experts consider the climate agenda of the European Union (and Germany) divorced from reality. Karen Pittel, an economist at the Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, notes that none of the electoral manifestos of the German parties ensure the achievement of “climate neutral” even by 2045. Neither party proposes “surefire ways” to move towards zero emissions by 2045, or even a 65% reduction in emissions by 2030. The Greens’ agenda has more flirting with voters than practical measures. The chimericity of “climate neutrality” in the coming decades is also mentioned in the report of the German Federal Environment Agency (Umweltbundesamt). It is doubtful that the five German parliamentary parties in the new Bundestag will cope with the declared task of implementing the “climate agenda” without political damage to themselves. Photo: REUTERS

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