The National Vaccine Prevention Calendar is an important document to guide the health system. It is regularly reviewed and supplemented with the necessary vaccinations. So, for example, among the latter, vaccines against pneumococcus were included in the national calendar.
Now the Ministry of Health has included the coronavirus vaccine in the national calendar of immunization. She passes in the category for epidemic indicators. At the same time, not everyone understands what such inclusion in the calendar means and what rights it gives.
The nuances of vaccination
According to the legislation, vaccination and revaccination within the framework of the national calendar is carried out by means of immunobiological drugs, which are registered in accordance with the legislation of the Russian Federation. There are situations when vaccine combinations are used for prevention.
For vaccination, vaccinations are used that contain antigens that are exclusively relevant for the Russian Federation to infectious pathogens. It is due to this that maximum protection is achieved.
What’s included in the calendar
As part of the national vaccination calendar, vaccinations are given free of charge. Naturally, we are talking about ordinary clinics, and not about private centers. But at the same time, it should be understood that not all options indicated in the calendar are required. A separate item there are those vaccines that are given for medical reasons or for epidemiological conditions. The most famous of the latter is the tick-borne encephalitis vaccine.
The list of those vaccinations that are considered mandatory include vaccines against the following diseases:
- Pneumococcal infection;
- Whooping cough;
- Hepatitis B.
Parents are warned about mandatory vaccinations in advance, doctors conduct an examination and give a vaccine if the child is healthy and there is the consent of his parents. A doctor’s examination before the vaccination from the national calendar is a prerequisite.
Vaccines are recommended to be carried out according to a specific schedule, without missing the dates or allowing small deviations from the schedule solely for medical reasons. For example, you can postpone the vaccination for a couple of weeks after suffering a viral illness.
Be sure to take into account the national vaccination calendar and contraindications for the formulation of vaccines. The absolute prohibitions include:
- History of anaphylactic shock;
- Severe immune reaction from the previous vaccination;
- Body temperature above 40 degrees;
- Convulsive syndrome;
- Immunity problems in a number of immunodeficiency states, etc.
If a child has a tendency to allergies, he can draw up an individual vaccination plan according to the calendar. It is worth acting together with doctors who will select the optimal scheme.
For adults, there are nuances in the formulation of vaccines within the framework of the national calendar. There is also a category of mandatory but voluntary vaccines. Previously, those who want to know the state of their immunity are advised to undergo an analysis for the presence of antibodies to certain infections. This will make it possible to understand the stability of immunity and the need to strengthen it through the additional introduction of vaccinations.
Obligation to be vaccinated
Despite the fact that many compulsory vaccinations are prescribed in the national calendar, this does not mean at all that there should be compulsory vaccination. In Russia, there are no strict requirements and prohibitions in the absence of vaccinations, all immunization takes place exclusively on a voluntary basis. It still starts in the hospital, when the parents initially sign their consent or disagreement for the preventive vaccination of the child. This is due to the fact that the first vaccinations with consent are given already in the first day of the child’s life.
All information about the transferred vaccines is entered into the vaccination card, which is later presented in the kindergarten and school. Many parents believe that without such a card, the way to educational institutions for children is closed. In fact, this is not the case. The country’s constitution guarantees the right to education without any conditions. In addition, there is a law on education, which states that a child must be taken to an educational institution, regardless of his health status and other factors. Vaccination is used as a means to prevent the development of a number of dangerous diseases, but if a child gets sick with them, then the fault of the educational institution will not be in this. Therefore, if the vaccine, for example, against the same measles is absent, the school or kindergarten will not be among those responsible for the child’s illness, which means that there are no reasons for refusing to attend school or kindergarten on this occasion.
Mantoux test is an exception
The Mantoux test raises many questions from parents. Often it is equated with vaccinations, although in fact it is a diagnostic tool for the presence of tuberculosis. Such a test shows whether the child is healthy or sick with this terrible disease. A carrier of tuberculosis in an active form is a danger to others, therefore, the Mantoux test is required to be taken. As noted by the portals of legal information, there were precedents when parents tried to challenge such claims, but the Supreme Court rejected their claims.
To be admitted to a kindergarten, school or university if Mantoux refuses to sample, you will have to undergo a phthisiatrician examination. With a certificate from such a specialist, the child can attend educational institutions.
Another vaccine that raises questions is the flu shot. It, unlike many mandatory and familiar vaccines, is repeated with enviable regularity: it is advised to put it every year, since the virus strain changes every year.
Vaccination is included in the national calendar and is mandatory for the following groups of citizens:
- Children from 6 months;
- School students;
- Students of professional educational organizations and universities;
- Medical workers;
- Educational workers;
- Transport and utilities workers;
- Shift workers;
- Internal organs and border guards;
- Municipal employees;
- People over the age of 60;
- People with chronic pathologies and metabolic disorders.
In this case, again, mandatory – this is not mandatory, but highly recommended. You also need to look for contraindications.
There are contraindications, you need to consult a doctor