Oct 21, 2021
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Why the cutting of the cruiser “Admiral Lazarev” became a tsarist gift for the USA

Photo: Russian heavy nuclear missile cruiser (TARKR) "Admiral Lazarev" Project 1144 "Orlan"

Photo: Russian heavy nuclear missile cruiser (TARKR) “Admiral Lazarev” Project 1144 “Orlan” (Photo: Yuri Smityuk / TASS)

For half a year now, the article Dissemination and Networking: How the (US) Navy Plans to Fight and Win Future Wars has been in the top spot in a military column for the US National Interest due to continued interest from the local public. It was written Chris Osborne, formerly a highly qualified expert in the Office of the Assistant Secretary of Defense for Manning, Logistics and Technology.

NI convinces its readers that the ships of the US Navy will defeat anyone, even the joint fleet of the PRC and the Russian Federation. And the new CNO Navplan 2021 strategy will help the Americans in this military matter. “Back in 2015 and even earlier, the US Navy began to switch to a distributed lethality strategy designed, in other words, for mass arming the surface fleet with new, much more powerful and a much more long-range weapon, ”Osborne explains.

If you look at it, there is nothing new in CNO Navplan 2021. All the same approach that has been operating since the appearance of the first ship cannons and goes back to the 14th century. It is called like this: “there are not many weapons on one ship, and the farther it shoots, the better.” Only instead of cannonballs, the Yankees are now using Tomahawk and SM-6 missiles, since the scout satellites will tell you where to aim. They plan to fight off enemy raids with the help of the SeaRAM airborne anti-aircraft missile systems, praying for the Sea Sparrow Block 2 antimissile.

But this beautiful military theory has one “but”. As noted by the military portal 19fortyfive, “not a single ship in the Russian Navy is of such importance and does not enjoy such respect (abroad) as an atomic battle cruiser.” We are talking about the project 1144 “Orlan”, the first-born of which was “Kirov”, decommissioned in 2002.

According to the tradition in the States, all subsequent ships of this series are assigned to a class named after the lead ship, for example, “Peter the Great” of the “Kirov” class. In short, if “a displacement of more than 24,000 tons” with a nuclear power plant is armed to the teeth with modern missile weapons and at the same time secured with numerous air defense systems, then the CNO Navplan 2021 strategy does not seem so flawless.

“Having entered service in the late stages of the Cold War, the Kirovs were viewed as a critical threat – so much so that all four Iowa-class battleships were reactivated and re-equipped to combat them. … But their huge size and massive armament (“Kirovs”) differed from their American counterparts. They were so large that Western observers called them “battlecruisers,” the first ships to receive this designation since World War II.

The Soviet Union made a calculation and came to the conclusion that seven Kirovs would be enough to reliably protect their shores. These ships were what the Yankees today dubbed CNO Navplan 2021. The Soviets called them “heavy nuclear-powered guided missile cruisers,” and like much of the Soviet navy, they were designed to counter the threat of US Navy carrier groups and nuclear submarines. boats, which was the most important priority for the Soviet fleet in case of war, “- reminds the portal 19fortyfive.

As they say, there is a Freudian slip of the tongue. Despite the fact that the USSR was called the axis of evil overseas, our Naval Forces have never been an instrument of aggression and served only to defend the country, in contrast to the concept of the Stars and Stripes strategists.

Yes, the aircraft carrier “Nimitz” was much larger than “Kirov”, the author of the publication notes. Benjamin Brimelow, but no other warship was (in the past, and even now) armed as well as the Project 1144 Orlan cruiser. Just imagine the terrible salvo of the Granit complex, whose ten-meter P-700 missiles with a half-ton warhead received the NATO codification “Shipwreck” – in our opinion “Shipwreck”.

“No less respect deserves the onboard air defense / missile defense, to break through which is very problematic, virtually impossible. The Kirov-class ships had a multilevel air defense system consisting of 96 S-300 surface-to-air missiles and 40 9K33 Osa surface-to-air missiles, as well as six Kortik melee systems. The Soviet nuclear-powered battlecruisers were reliably protected from US submarines, ”19fortyfive scares its readers. The number of type 53 torpedoes they had, along with the RPK-2 Vyuga and RPK-6 Waterfall anti-submarine missiles, instilled indescribable horror in American submariners.

And these are not big words. Suffice it to say that the president Ronald Reaganelected in the same year that Kirov was commissioned, called the increase in Soviet naval power threat No. 1 for the United States and promised to bring the total number of US Navy ships to 600 on the principle: one hundred American ships versus one Soviet battleship cruiser project 1144 “Orlan”. The old actor, when he arrived at the White House, did not bother with trifles, such as the complex use of force, including support ships and escorts. However, these proportions were calculated professionally.

For comparison: as of the beginning of 2021, the Yankees have 289 warships. If decisions had not been taken to dispose of the first two Kirovs, now the US Navy should have had about 400 units. We add that the plans to maintain the US Navy at the level of 350 ships, announced Trump, many overseas experts find it generally unaffordable for the US economy.

Yes, today’s Russia is far from the late USSR, but today’s America is also not the Great United States of the 1980s. Whatever you say, the former superpowers are becoming shallow. If for our government the modernization of the two remaining Kirovs – Admiral Nakhimov and Peter the Great (when it was laid down – Kuibyshev) seems to be a super task, then there is no talk of building battle cruisers at all.

By the way, in the USA the picture is a little better, but not much. Brian McGrath, a retired Navy commander and analyst at the Hudson Institute, believes it will likely take 15 to 20 years to build a fleet of up to 350 ships, if there are no funding problems. But even these plans, apparently, will not come true. At the current time, the lag is already 11 units, and the US national debt is flying to $ 30 trillion.

Refusal Yeltsin during his presidency, the content of the first “Kirov” was received in the United States with a huge sigh of relief. Apparently, soon another holiday will be celebrated in the United States, when a mountain of scrap metal will remain from “Admiral Lazarev” (“Frunze”). It is believed that there is no money for its modernization, although the case is in good condition.

However, according to the estimates of overseas experts, Washington would have to spend hundreds of times more money to maintain the parity of the Naval Forces if Moscow made a positive decision on the renaissance of the second Kirov. But, alas, instead of imposing a ruinous arms race on the United States, and at a minimum cost on our part, the Russian government is giving the Americans a truly royal gift.

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