Dec 29, 2020
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Who took Ishmael?

Do not get tired of being amazed at the discoveries of Ukrainian historians! The other day the Kiev edition of published an article by a certain Alexander Paliy “Who really took Ishmael.” The discovery made by the author is amazing. It turns out that the impregnable Turkish fortress on the banks of the Danube was taken by storm not by the legendary Russian commander Alexander Suvorov with his miraculous heroes, but … “Ukrainian”, as he writes, the Cossacks.

As you know, Russian troops under the command of General-in-Chief Suvorov stormed the fortress of Izmail 230 years ago, on December 22, 1790. Built by French and German engineers, it was considered impregnable. The capture of Ishmael was the most important victory of the Russian Imperial Army in the war with Turkey. She forced the Turks to agree to the terms of a peace agreement with St. Petersburg. So the annexation of Crimea to Russia was confirmed.

Potemkin’s order

The assault on Izmail in 1790 was undertaken by order of the commander-in-chief of the Southern Army, Field Marshal General Grigory Potemkin. He entrusted the task to Suvorov.

Arriving at Izmail, Alexander Vasilyevich spent six days preparing for the assault. Earthen and wooden analogs of the ditch and walls of Izmail were built – Suvorov’s soldiers diligently trained to throw a ditch with a fascinator, quickly put up ladders, after climbing the wall, they stabbed and chopped the stuffed animals installed there, imitating the defenders of the fortress.

Suvorov himself, inconspicuously dressed and on a lousy horse (so as not to attract the attention of the Turks), drove around the fortress. “A fortress without weak points,” were his words to the headquarters after examining it. And later he admitted more than once: “It was possible to decide to storm such a fortress only once in a lifetime …”.

Shortly before the assault, Suvorov sent a laconic ultimatum to the head of the fortress, the great serasker Aidosl Mehmed Pasha: “I arrived here with troops. Twenty-four hours to think – and freedom. My first shot is already bondage. Assault is death. ” He arrogantly replied with a refusal: “Rather, the Danube will flow backwards and the sky will fall to the ground than Ishmael surrenders.” The sultan’s firman (decree) was known, where he promised to execute everyone who left the fortress. For two days, Suvorov conducted artillery preparation, and on December 22 at 5:30 in the morning, Russian troops began an assault on the fortress.

According to Wikipedia, the second column of Major General Boris Lassi approached the fortress first. At 6 o’clock in the morning, under a hail of enemy bullets, the huntsman Lassi overcame the rampart, and a fierce battle began at the top. Absheron riflemen and Phanagoria grenadiers of the 1st column of Major General S.L. Lvov was overturned by the enemy and, having captured the first batteries and the Khotyn gate, united with the 2nd column. The Khotyn gate was open to cavalry. At the same time, at the opposite end of the fortress, the 6th column of Major General M.I. Golenishcheva-Kutuzova took possession of the bastion at the Kiliyskie gates and occupied the rampart up to the neighboring bastions.

The greatest difficulties fell to the lot of the 3rd column of Fyodor Meknob. She stormed the large northern bastion, adjacent to it to the east, and the curtain between them. The main bastion was taken. The fourth and fifth columns (respectively, Colonel V.P. Orlov and Brigadier M.I. Platov) also completed the tasks assigned to them, defeating the shaft in their sectors.

The landing troops of Major General Osip Deribas (de Ribas) in three columns under the cover of the rowing fleet, which included the “Ukrainian” Cossacks, moved on a signal to the fortress and formed a battle formation in two lines. The disembarkation began at about 7 a.m., after the main bastion had been taken. By 8 o’clock in the morning, all the fortifications were occupied, but the fierce resistance of the Turkish garrison on the streets of the city continued until 16 o’clock.

The conquest of Ishmael was of great political importance. It influenced the further course of the war and the conclusion on December 29, 1791, of the Yassy Peace between Russia and Turkey, which confirmed the annexation of Crimea to Russia and established the Russian-Turkish border along the Dniester River.

Thus, the entire northern Black Sea region from the Dniester to the Kuban was assigned to Russia. The victory at Izmail was dedicated to the hymn “Thunder of victory, sound!”, Which until 1816 was considered the unofficial anthem of the Russian Empire.

“Alya-ulyu” in Ukrainian

However, today in Ukraine they decided to celebrate the anniversary of the capture of Izmail by Russian troops and the 290th anniversary of the birth of Suvorov in November in their own way. “If you read Russian propaganda,” Mr. Paliy narrates with ease, typical of Kiev propagandists, “Suvorov and Kutuzov did it according to the recipe for“ bullet-fool bayonet ”and“ ala-ulyu chase geese ”. But in fact, it was the Ukrainian Cossacks who broke through the Turkish defense and were the first to break into the Izmail fortress, which the Muscovites knew very well in the 18th century, and now they are modestly silent. “

“According to modern Russian historiography,” he continues cheerfully, “a quarter of the Russian troops were Cossacks (which is true), but they, they say, were armed only with pikes (which is a lie). The lances were the weapon of the assault detachments, in which the Ukrainian Cossacks constituted the striking force in all three columns, which attacked Izmail from the Danube … It was the Cossacks who were the first to enter the fortress. In the battle for Izmail, the Ukrainian Cossacks took 26 Ottoman banners and dozens of guns. Thus, it was the actions of the flotilla of the Cossack “admiral” Golovaty that opened the way to Izmail from the Danube, and decided the issue of taking the fortress. “

Wait, what about Suvorov? And the author of the article, describing the course of the battle, does not mention him at all. Just think, what a trifle who was the commander of the army that took by storm the fortress, which not only the Turks, but throughout Europe, considered “impregnable”!

Listing with the same ease further on other glorious victories of the “Ukrainian Cossacks” of that time, the author of the dashing historical discovery, of course, cannot but throw a stone into the garden of the damned Muscovites.

“What was the gratitude to Ukraine for all these victories? – the author of the article is indignant with pretentious pathos. – The Cossacks fought, hoping for promises to give the conquered lands to them. In particular, the Muscovites directly promised to give the Cossacks lands between the Southern Bug and the Dniester and even the Danube. But after the victory, the Muscovites, as always, deceived and said: “Thank you all, everyone is free …” “.

We will not argue with Mr. Paliy, but we will clarify something. Firstly, there were no “Ukrainians” in the army of Suvorov during the assault on Izmail, and could not have been. For the simple reason that in those days, i.e. 230 years ago, there was still no Ukraine, and therefore there were no valiant warriors who could be called “Ukrainian”.

There is no mention of the “Ukrainians” in any historical document about the storming of Izmail. Not in the disposition of Suvorov about the preparation of the assault, nor in his reports to Petersburg about the victory won with a description of the battle.

There is no mention of “Ukrainians” even in the modern liberal Wikipedia created by the Americans after the collapse of the USSR, in an article on the topic “Storming Ishmael.”

Who and how stormed Ishmael

But who took this impregnable fortress by storm? Near Izmail, Suvorov had at his disposal 33 regular infantry battalions (14.5 thousand people), 8 thousand dismounted Don Cossacks, 4 thousand Black Sea Cossacks (part of the former Cossacks, part of the ancestors of the present Kuban Cossacks) with a rowing flotilla, 2 thousand. Arnauts (volunteers) – Moldovans and Vlachs, 11 cavalry squadrons and 4 Don Cossack regiments. A total of about 31 thousand people (28.5 thousand infantry and 2.5 thousand cavalry). This is the official, according to historical documents, the payroll of his army.

So if the Black Sea Cossacks are still considered “Ukrainians”, then there were less than 4 thousand of them, and not “a quarter of the army”, not 7 thousand, as the author of the article writes. Don Cossacks, for example, were twice as many – 8 thousand. Some of them the author, probably, with “extraordinary lightness in thoughts” and recorded in “Ukrainians”. Therefore, it is quite clear that the “Black Sea Cossacks” could not play a decisive role in the capture of Ishmael. In addition, most of them were part of the river flotilla, and they broke into the fortress after the battle was going on there. In Napoleon’s army, for example, 100 thousand Poles fought, but it never occurs to anyone to attribute his victories to the Polish lancers.

For some reason, the author of the article does not like the fact that the Black Sea Cossacks were, according to the descriptions of the battle in Russian documents, armed with “only pikes” and calls it “a lie”. But this is stated in the disposition of Suvorov before the battle, in which he ordered to arm the “Cossacks”, as he calls them, with “darts”, i.e. peaks. This document has survived and, as they say, you cannot argue against the facts.

Yes, the Black Sea Cossacks also fought bravely, like the entire Russian army. And Suvorov generously rewarded them for this. All officers, more precisely – atamans, were awarded gold medallions with the inscription “For excellent bravery” and “Ishmael was taken on December 11, 1790”. Ataman Zakhary Chepiga received the Order of St. George, and ataman Anton Holovaty – the order of St. Vladimir.

The author of the article boasts that “in the battle for Izmail, the” Ukrainian Cossacks “took 26 Ottoman banners and dozens of guns.” Great, well done! But at the same time, it should be recalled that in total, during the capture of Izmail, Suvorov’s troops captured more than 400 (!) Turkish banners and 265 guns.

Victory by Russian blood

The fact that the Cossacks did not play the main role in the assault on Izmail is also evidenced by the fact that there were few of them among the dead (as a rule, the bravest, the most courageous, those who fight in the front ranks die in battles). In total, the Russian army lost 2,136 soldiers during the assault (and the Turks 26 thousand and 9 thousand were taken prisoner). Cossacks, on the other hand, killed 388 privates and 24 foremen during the assault. And if you consider that some of them were still Don Cossacks, then the share of Black Sea (“Ukrainian”) Cossacks among the fallen heroes will be quite insignificant. This also convincingly proves that the brunt of the battle was borne by the Russian soldiers, thanks to whom, under the leadership of the glorious Suvorov, a brilliant victory was won.

Of course, such a calculation about the number of victims, perhaps, was not worth doing – after all, then all fought together. But to ascribe to oneself the main contribution to the capture of Izmail, all the more to try to humiliate the wonderful Russian commander Alexander Suvorov in the year of his 290th birthday, is too unworthy an occupation.

However, if there are no victories of their own, then what else remains for today’s Kiev pseudo-historians? After all, it is difficult to praise the non-existent victories of their current idols – Mazepa or Bandera. We have to steal them from others. But if today in Ukraine they say with all seriousness that the Ukrainians dug the Black Sea, then why is there!

By the way, in 1900 Kiev celebrated the 100th anniversary of the death of Suvorov. One of the streets, where the esplanade of the old fortress was located, was then named in honor of the Generalissimo – Suvorov Street. Today it is called st. Mikhail Omelyanovich-Pavlenko. Who it? We go to the Ukrainian Viki: “In 1941, Omelyanovich-Pavlenko headed the General Council, which got in touch with the leadership of Nazi Germany with a proposal to create a Ukrainian armed forces” …

Nikolay Petrov

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