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Apr 7, 2021
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When the pandemic ends: A few naive questions about the new wave of coronavirus

When the pandemic ends: A few naive questions about the new wave of coronavirus

Photo: Sergey Fadeichev / TASS

More than one hundred million cases in the world, 2 million deaths – in just a little over a year. And, according to most experts, it is too early to put an end to the pandemic, which has not spared any of the corners of the planet. The new coronavirus is rapidly mutating, trying to escape the traps set for it. All hopes for a victory over the young aggressor today are associated exclusively with the formation of collective immunity – due to vaccination and a large number of people who have been ill. But according to experts, it is not worth counting on the rapid development of a drug capable of effectively combating covid-19 in the near future. It can take from five to ten years to create.

Victory is not for the mountains?

The optimistic forecast of the World Health Organization (WHO) does not exclude the end of the coronavirus pandemic as early as 2022. What, however, in the opinion Heads of the WHO Regional Office for Europe Hans Kluge, does not mean that a dangerous virus will suddenly disappear or that its spread in the world will stop, but at last the need for lockdowns and other severe restrictions will disappear. By the way, the billionaire is pinning hopes on 2022 as the “antihero” of the era of coronavirus Bill Gates, accused by conspiracy theorists of almost artificially creating COVID-19. According to Gates, a quick victory over the pandemic is seriously hampered by the high cost of already created vaccines, which is why only rich countries can afford to buy them on the world market so far. Our country, which has at its disposal at least three vaccines of its own production, has already secured the jersey of the leader in the world race for primacy in the creation of means of prophylaxis against covid. Although, in terms of the number of people who have already been vaccinated with any of the vaccines, we are not even among the five leading countries.

And yet, according to experts, Russia has every chance of coping with COVID-19 rather quickly. Two scenarios for the development of the situation with coronavirus in our country outlined chief physician of the Moscow Clinical Hospital 15 Valery Vecherko. According to him, in the case of an optimistic scenario, the pandemic will end soon, after which all research and existing work on rehabilitation, mental and physical, after COVID-19 will be especially in demand. “The second scenario – which does not quite suit us, is that the pandemic will continue,” said the head physician.

A possible increase of 10-20 percent in the incidence of covid due to the arrival of heat in the capital was also announced by infectious disease doctor, professor Nikolai Malyshev.

With this prognosis, postponing vaccination “for later” means putting yourself at additional risk. But one cannot ignore possible contraindications, reminds doctor-therapist Igor Karjachkin. “If a person has decided to be vaccinated against COVID-19, then you need to understand that before going to vaccination, you need to at least protect yourself from colds and exacerbation of chronic ailments, because this is a contraindication for vaccination, ” said Igor Karyachkin … – Two weeks before vaccination, we recommend a careful regimen – avoid visiting crowded places and start taking antiviral drugs of interferon inducers. Interferon is a step in the immune response to any infection. Therefore, a drug such as “Kagocel”, for example, will help prepare the body for vaccine prophylaxis and get rid of any other viral infection. “

Do I need to vaccinate those who have already been ill?

According to a group of American epidemiologists, it is necessary to vaccinate those who have already been ill from the coronavirus, while only one dose will be enough to develop stable immunity, which is very likely to be able to protect the body from other strains. This point of view is also supported by a number of Russian scientists. “In patients with asymptomatic or low-symptomatic course, in 18 percent of cases, antibodies are not produced at all,” the deputy director of the Central Research Institute of Epidemiology of Rospotrebnadzor told reporters, Corresponding Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences Alexander Gorelov

“After vaccination, the concentration of antibodies is usually higher than after the disease, especially if it is mild,” notes Associate Professor of the Department of Infectious Diseases in Children, Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I.Pirogova Ivan Konovalov… “And antibodies after an infection are not always virus-neutralizing, in contrast to post-vaccination.”

The best option, according to the recommendations of WHO experts, is to get vaccinated about six months after the transferred covid. Re-infections during the first six months are extremely rare. German epidemiologists agree with this point of view. Unlike the British, who are advised to vaccinate as early as 28 days after recovery. By the way, according to the “Temporary guidelines” of the Ministry of Health of Russia, “persons who have positive test results for the presence of immunoglobulins of classes G and M to the SARS-CoV-2 virus, obtained outside the preparation for vaccination, are not vaccinated.”

– Today the strains of the new coronavirus circulating in the world – British, South African, Japanese, Chinese – our vaccines are blocked. And if the virus rapidly mutates, we will react quickly, – RIA-Novosti quotes Alexander Gorelov. – We have developed a platform for the drug and manufacturing technology. In addition, there is scaled production. Therefore, the composition of the vaccine can be easily changed, like a lego design.

What are the most common complications after COVID-19?

The other day, at a press conference, she told about the most common consequences of COVID-19 Galina Ivanova, chief freelance specialist in medical rehabilitation of the Ministry of Health of the Russian Federation. According to a specialist, they can be divided into at least four groups … The first group is cardiorespiratory disorders, which manifest themselves in hypoxia, chest pains, heart pains, rhythm disturbances, etc. In second place are the neurological manifestations of covid. “Headache, impaired sensitivity, impaired smell, taste disturbances, cuts, paralysis, cognitive impairments of varying severity, anxiety and depression are observed in almost 99% of patients who have had coronavirus infection,” Ivanova said. Also, from the first days of the coronavirus, many patients show musculoskeletal disorders. The fourth group is nutritional and metabolic problems.

By the way

During a pandemic, the need for the services of cosmetologists has unexpectedly increased. “After the weakening of the self-isolation regime, people began to more actively sign up for care procedures,” she said. dermatovenerologist, cosmetologist of the EPILAS network of medical centers. Aigul Zakhirova… – Due to the limitations associated with the inability to fully take care of their appearance for a long time, some clients have exacerbated skin problems, up to inflammation (including due to improper wearing of the mask) and acne. On the other hand, the demand for “beauty injections” has grown significantly, possibly due to increased competition in the labor market. A young and healthy appearance gives confidence, a person feels more successful and is not afraid of change. “

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