Great Britain will send two warships to the Black Sea in May. This is reported by The Times, citing sources in the Kingdom’s Navy.
Why would Great Britain send ships to the Black Sea?
Britain will send ships to the Black Sea in solidarity with Ukraine and NATO allies in the region. As the newspaper notes, the decision was made against the backdrop of tensions between Ukraine and Russia after the United States abandoned the planned dispatch of two destroyers to the Black Sea due to fears of further escalation of tensions in the region.
A British naval source said London is unwavering in its support for Ukraine’s sovereignty and territorial integrity and is calling on Russia to de-escalate.
What warships will Great Britain send to the Black Sea?
We are talking about a destroyer type 45, armed with anti-aircraft missiles, and an anti-submarine frigate type 23. The source did not give the names of the ships.
It is known that the ships will be spun off from the Royal Navy’s carrier group, which will be in the Mediterranean at that time. They will head to the Black Sea through the Bosphorus.
To support the destroyer and anti-submarine frigate on the group’s flagship – aircraft carrier Queen Elizabeth – F-35 fighters and Merlin anti-submarine helicopters will be at the ready. According to the newspaper, in the event of a threat from Russian ships, submarines or aircraft, fighters and helicopters will be ready to fly to the aid of two British ships. The aircraft carrier itself will remain in the Mediterranean Sea due to the ban on entering the Black Sea.
What are Type 45 destroyers and Type 23 anti-submarine frigates?
Type 45 destroyers are modern guided missile destroyers. Since 2003, six ships of this type have been built for the British Navy: HMS Daring (D32), HMS Dauntless (D33), HMS Diamond (D34), HMS Dragon (D35), HMS Defender (D36) and HMS Duncan (D37).
The main armament of Type 45 destroyers is the PAAMS anti-aircraft missile system, which was developed in cooperation with France and Italy. Targets are defeated by Aster anti-aircraft missiles located in Sylver launchers.
The destroyers are equipped with two Rolls-Royce WR-21 gas turbines with a capacity of 28 thousand liters. from. each, with two Wärtsilä 12V200 diesel generators with a capacity of 2.7 thousand liters. from. each and two Converteam electric motors with a capacity of 27 thousand liters. from. everyone.
The standard displacement of destroyers is 7350 tons. The ships are 152.4 m long, – 21.2 m draft – 7.4 m.They develop a speed of up to 32 knots (59.3 km / h), the cruising range is 7 thousand miles (13 thousand km) with an 18-knot speed (33.3 km / h), the autonomy of navigation is 45 days.
Type 23 frigates are the core of the British Navy’s destroyers and frigates. The Royal Navy has 13 such frigates in service, 3 more ships belong to Chile. All 16 ships are named after the dukes of England. The first one – HMS Norfolk – was commissioned in 1989, and the sixteenth – HMS St Albans – in June 2002.
Type 23 frigates are armed with 114 mm Mk8 artillery mounts (1 unit) and 30 mm DS 30B assault rifles (2 units). Missile weapons are Harpoon anti-ship missiles and anti-aircraft modular missiles (CAMM).
Type 23 frigates are equipped with two Rolls-Royce Spey SM1A gas turbines with a capacity of 31.1 thousand liters. sec., four Paxman Valenta 12CM diesel generators with a capacity of 2 thousand liters. from. each and two GEC electric motors with a capacity of 4 thousand liters. from. everyone.
The ships’ displacement is 4.9 thousand tons. Their length – 133 m, width – 16.1 m.The frigates are gaining speed up to 28 knots (51.9 km / h), the cruising range is 7.5 thousand nautical miles (13.9 thousand km) at 15 knots (27.8 km / h) …