Controlling blood sugar levels can help avoid the dire health consequences associated with diabetes.
Know your rate … sugar
Healthy people usually have 72-140 milligrams of glucose per deciliter of blood, while diabetics have a higher figure, about 80-180 milligrams.
For diabetics, doctors recommend systematically monitoring glucose levels to prevent long-term complications of the disease, such as vision loss, heart disease and kidney disease. Also, blood sugar levels change during the day and reach low levels in the morning or after prolonged fasting, and rise during and after meals.
Abnormal blood sugar levels
Hypoglycemia or low blood sugar: 70 mg / dL or less.
Hyperglycemia or high blood sugar: More than 180 mg / dL.
When and how to measure glucose correctly?
You can measure your blood sugar level yourself using a glucometer or take a medical test that shows an overall picture of your glucose level.
Symptoms that may warn you to check your blood sugar:
- intense thirst;
- increased urination, especially at night;
- increased feeling of hunger;
- chronic fatigue;
- frequently recurring infections;
- numbness, tingling in the hands or feet;
- slow healing wounds;
- blurry vision.
Doctors may also recommend taking an A1C test or using a meter regularly for people who are at risk of:
Age over 45
- Family history of diabetes
- Being overweight or obese
- Sedentary lifestyle
- High cholesterol or high blood pressure
- Apone in a dream
- Long-term use of certain medications.
What to do to keep your blood sugar in the normal range
- monitor blood sugar levels;
- maintain a healthy weight;
- exercise regularly;
- eat foods with a low glycemic index;
- increase dietary fiber intake;
- drink enough water.