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Feb 16, 2021
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What diseases does heartburn indicate?

AiF.ru told about what exactly can be hiding behind heartburn Zukhra Aliyeva, therapist of the City Clinical Hospital No. 17 of Moscow, member of the Russian Society of Physicians

Signs of a problem

“The symptoms of heartburn are different for every person, but mostly it is a burning sensation in the chest, difficulty breathing and pain that can radiate to the shoulder and neck. This symptom arises as a result of a violation of the daily routine and nutrition or as a result of diseases of the gastrointestinal tract, ”said Zukhra Aliyeva.

The causes of heartburn

As the therapist notes, there are several reasons for the development of heartburn:

  • Eating and lifestyle disorders. Smoking, drinking alcohol, the predominance of fatty, spicy, too spicy foods in the diet. Lovers of chocolate, citrus fruits and sugary sodas can also experience this symptom.
  • Overweight, wearing tight clothes with tight belts, horizontal body position.
  • Psychoemotional stress, nervousness.
  • Taking some medicines.
  • Pregnancy. Often, changes in the hormonal background and fetal pressure on the internal organs for a long time provoke heartburn.

The causes of heartburn are different and can be traced back to a very serious illness. Only a doctor can determine which diseases provoke a burning sensation behind the breastbone. Basically, this pathology is a symptom of the following diseases:

  • gastritis;
  • ulcerative lesions of the stomach and duodenum;
  • chronic cholecystitis;
  • chronic pancreatitis;
  • reflux gastroesophageal disease;
  • dysfunction of the biliary tract;
  • insufficiency of the gastric cardia;
  • diaphragmatic hernia.

“First you need to find out the cause of the heartburn. If these are isolated cases related to nutrition, medical attention is not required, in order to eliminate it, in this case, a change in diet and lifestyle will be required. Also, with rare heartburn, you can take antacids yourself, but no more than four times a day. If heartburn bothers more than twice a week or constantly, this is often associated with pathology from the gastrointestinal tract. In this case, medical intervention is necessary, ”the therapist notes.

“With prolonged heartburn, a chronic cough may occur, which few people associate with a problem on the part of the gastrointestinal tract, mainly the respiratory tract is primarily focused on. Of course, it is necessary to consult a specialist and start treating the underlying disease, the symptoms of which were heartburn and cough, ”says Zukhra Aliyeva.

Why is it better to see a doctor?

Without a diagnostic examination and a course of therapy for the underlying ailment, which is a provocateur of heartburn, ulcerative lesions of the mucous membrane of the digestive system can form, the therapist notes. At the site of the healed ulcerative lesion, a scar is formed, which threatens with esophageal stenosis, which impedes the intake of food, which entails serious consequences. They often solve this problem surgically, says the therapist. Therefore, with a regular manifestation of heartburn, you should not hesitate to visit a doctor.

“Due to similar symptoms, patients often mistake an attack associated with cardiovascular disease for a disease of the gastrointestinal tract.

If heartburn is caused by the discharge of stomach contents into the esophagus, taking any antacid will reduce it. Antacids work 5-10 minutes after taking a pill or suspension. If the burning sensation behind the breastbone does not diminish after taking antacids, but, on the contrary, grows, and the pain radiates to the left arm or left shoulder, an urgent need to consult a doctor, ”notes Zuhra Aliyeva.

Do not ignore the signals that the body gives.

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