Social networks have been used as a tool of information war in Kazakhstan for a long time. The Euro-Kazakhstani opposition uses them during protest actions, as a means of mobilization in socio-ethnic conflicts like the events in Kordai.
And recently, social networks have become a dangerous field of destruction of the Russian-Kazakh partnership, the onset of primitive aul-beshbarmakny Russophobia. The target audience is processed from two directions – from Kazakhstan, as well as from Ukraine and from Europe.
The European emigration, represented by the “Ablyazov sect” and other opponents of Elbasy, is working out the strengthening of anti-Russian rhetoric and reorientation of the Eurasian vector of the Republic of Kazakhstan, or is preparing a “color coup”.
For example, in 2017, an article was vigorously discussed on the networks “Kazakhstan in Europe: Why Not?“, the authors of which assure that Kazakhstan is a European state, which “Meets two criteria of the Council of Europe, according to which a country must be” wholly or partly located in Europe “ and have such “A culture that is closely related to European culture”…
Outside, the Kazakhs are being fueled by “Putin’s threats.” What is the mass distribution in the networks of an article by Leon Aron – the director of the program for the study of Russia in American Enterprise Institute…
For several years, a group of topics (EAEU and CSTO, Russian language, romanization, history of disputed territories, renaming) has been worked out, causing a sharp reaction from users.
It has been noticed that if the authorities of the Republic of Kazakhstan oppose speeches in the networks against Nazarbayev up to the blocking of Internet sites and messengers, then the government is inactive with regard to anti-Russian, nationalist speeches. The level of these performances can be judged by statements like the fact that Abai back in the 19th century … wrote in Kazakh Latin.
Abay wrote in Latin
Or according to the interpretation of the event, designed for illiteracy, narrow awareness, a simplified understanding of complex issues of linguistics, history, geopolitics.
How Kazakhs “Taliban” banned in Russia will win and join NATO
The initiators of the stuffing and bots shamelessly use the emotional intensity of both the target Kazakh audience and their opponents from the Russian and pro-Russian Kazakhs. Often, any discussion is full of mutual insults and rudeness, behind which the essence of the dispute is lost, not to mention sound argumentation.
Insult instead of arguments
Until now, they are discussing the antics of a Turkish citizen Oguz Dogan, three years ago, who staged primitive shows at resorts, in banks, on an airplane, demanding to communicate with him in Kazakh. The creature, which only his Turkish relatives knew about, became the hero of Kazakh national patrons on social networks.
Dogan’s provocations, highlighted by the media and social networks, turn into tens of thousands of comments. They call him Nagyz Azamat – a real citizen, they set him up as an example for Kazakhs, even for those who offer the provocateur to focus on topical issues – the colonial nature of Kazakhstan’s economy, corruption, national arrogance.
The most discussed topic has recently become the conflict with the “language patrols” of Kuat Akhmetov. It makes no sense to retell speeches in support of “patrols” and violent conflicts on Facebook, VKontakte, Odnoklassniki, Twitter or Zen.
From threats to offers to leave
Let’s dwell on just one branch of the network war. This is the discussed appeal of a group of 7 masked men who called themselves “veterans of military operations from Almaty” and condemned the position of the deputy head of the presidential administration of Kazakhstan Dauren Abaev on YouTube, who called the actions of the language patrols “cave nationalism.”
Information War Veterans
This is a common microbial-in-a-magnifying-glass tactic where a few unrepresented individuals identify with a large community. Clowns from YouTube are, to put it mildly, not all “combat veterans” in which citizens of Kazakhstan (Afghanistan, Tajikistan, Iraq) participated, but social networks have already announced that Kazakh veterans support language patrols.
The video reveals another characteristic element of the information attacks of the national patrons – this is the transition to the Kazakh language, as a rule, unfamiliar to the opponent (Russian or Russian-speaking Kazakhs, contemptuously referred to as “shalakazakhs”). In this case, the meaning of the discussion is lost or becomes understandable only for those who speak the language, that is, it turns into a get-together.
Another technique actively used in social networks is a reference to the painful issues of customs disputes in the EAEU, the functioning of the CSTO (especially in Karabakh or the recent Kyrgyz-Tajik conflict), and a negative attitude towards Asian migrant workers in Russia. They often and skillfully use the facts of bureaucratic outrage in the voluntary resettlement of Russian compatriots in the Russian Federation.
And the most effective in the activities of the “batyrs of Kaznet” is the citation of the Russians of Kazakhstan, who declare that there is no pressure from the national patrons and even accuse the representatives of Russia of inciting ethnic hatred. So, recently the chairman of the republican Association of legal entities “Association of Russian, Slavic and Cossack organizations of Kazakhstan” Vladimir Bozhko said that there are no problems of discrimination on the basis of language in the republic.
The chairman of the Russian cultural center there, Vsevolod Lukashev, a knight of the Russian Order of Friendship, who is funded by the RF budget funds allocated to support the structures of compatriots, views interethnic relations in Kazakhstan as “acceptable”. Lukashev does not participate in information wars, but his words are used with pleasure by the national patrons, referring to the “opinion of the Russians.”
What can we say about ordinary citizens making claims to Nikonov and Fedorov?
Nationalists themselves demand “patriotic reaction from the Russians of Kazakhstan”, for example, Margulan Boranbay, who hints that Russians should apologize for anti-Kazakh statements and even for the “annexation of Crimea”, but forgets to apologize for the antics of Kazakh nationalists.
A common way is to inflate domestic incidents. Recently, Valery Kolesnikov, a resident of the village of Abai, filed a lawsuit against the imam of the local mosque demanding compensation for moral damage for breaking the silence by night adans (calls to prayer) by the muezzin of a nearby mosque. The everyday situation was turned into a call for interfaith strife. “Maybe the Russians will now ban Islam in Kazakhstan too?” – excited users of social networks are asking.
Another fresh example is the beginning of heated discussions on the participation in the upcoming joint exercises “West-2021” of the Kazakh “Berkut” and the 37th brigade of the Air Assault Force of the Armed Forces of the Republic of Kazakhstan. The exercises are presented as the first step towards using Kazakh soldiers for the war in Syria and even in the Donbass! And when this nonsense is parried by the question of what the Americans are preparing the Kazakhs for at the Steppe Eagle exercises or what benefit the American reference laboratory in Alma-Ata brings, the arguments and correspondence end. So, when starting a discussion with Kazakh bots, prepare arguments.
How arguments cool the ardor
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