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Jan 7, 2022
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We’ll take out everything! The subsoil of Russia is pumped out, and the money is taken out – at least $ 400 billion has flowed out of the country

We'll take out everything!  The subsoil of Russia is pumped out, and the money is taken out - at least $ 400 billion has flowed out of the country

Photo: Valery Matytsin / TASS

About $ 250 billion – such a colossal amount was received in 2021 by Russia from the export of oil, oil products and gas, and about the same – for other exported raw materials. Highly processed products in the structure of external supplies of the Russian Federation are a mere scanty, the country has completely turned into the same raw material appendage of the West. “The money received for plundering the subsoil is also flowing abroad.

According to the Federal Customs Service, Russia’s exports in January-October 2021 amounted to $ 388.4 billion, of which more than $ 190 billion was obtained for oil, oil products and gas, that is, about half. Together with electricity, which is also worth referring to raw materials – 54%.

The rest is also not happy. 11% metals, 4% timber, 7% chemicals and fertilizers, 7% food, and so on. Everything is again in the form of raw materials. Ingots, untreated wood, grain …

The Ministry of Economic Development and Trade has estimated that in general, last year, the export of hydrocarbons will bring $ 251 billion. That is, the country received (and will receive) $ 500 billion. However, where they came is a good question. Considering that trade, for the most part, goes through offshore companies, crumbs reach Russia.

According to official sources, in the first three quarters of 2021, about $ 75 billion left the country, that is, in a year, capital outflow will be $ 100 or a little more. Experts have repeatedly stated that these figures are greatly underestimated. Let’s try to assess how much.

The average annual price of Urals oil from January to December 2021, according to the Ministry of Finance, was $ 69 per barrel. At the same time, the cost of its production is about 20 times less.

The financial statements (in accordance with IFRS) indicate that in 2019 the average cost of hydrocarbon production from Rosneft was $ 3.8 per barrel, from Lukoil – $ 3.59 per barrel, from Gazprom Neft – $ 3.78 per barrel.

Plus transportation costs, about the same. In total, about $ 7 per barrel already with delivery to Europe. For gas, the situation is about the same – 5% and 10%. More precisely, the cost price is even lower there, but for now let’s put it this way.

CEOs of companies confirm this. Thus, the board of directors of Gazprom Neft Alexander Dyukov in March 2020, he said that the cost of production at the fields being developed is on average from $ 3- $ 5 per barrel. Head of Tatneft Nail Maganov and even claimed (at the same time) that even the price of $ 8 was not critical for his company …

There are no costs to maintain the infrastructure of the oil and gas industry, or rather, they can be neglected. NOTHING is invested in the industry. What they do spend is already included in the accounting cost figures. Which, as you might guess, are far from real.

Oil pipelines and all other infrastructures are barely breathing, everything is being used for wear and tear.

“More than 75% of oil pipelines in Russia were built over 20 years ago – this is a significant period for operation. It should also be borne in mind that during periods of unstable situation in Russia, in the 1990s and early 2000s, not all oil pipelines were built properly, “said the CEO of Megapromgroup LLC. Semyon Golodkov

“Russia is still in first place in terms of the number of accidents and oil spills per year. There is a practice of extending the service life of an oil pipeline on the basis of an industrial safety examination, which is carried out not by state bodies, but by legal entities licensed for this. As a result, the service life is growing, and the majority of accidents happen just after such an extension procedure, ”says the coordinator of climate and energy projects of Greenpeace Russia Elena Sakirko

“Aging of fixed assets remains the main problem for the oil refining industry, and this figure today is more than 50%, and for the most part it has already exhausted its resource. Because of this, raw materials for oil refineries (refineries) remain low in terms of manufacturability and processing depth, ”the auditor of the Accounts Chamber warned back in 2011 Igor Vasiliev

At the moment, this topic is extremely “unpopular”, we managed to find only data for 2017 – the situation is getting worse.

“In most cases, enterprises have more than 60% worn-out production assets, especially such a situation at small oil and gas processing enterprises, which account for up to 25% of the total production of hydrocarbon resources,” funds in the oil and gas complex of the Russian Federation “(Akhmetov D. S., scientific instructor – Barbarskaya M. N.)

In the summer of this year, equipment was dismantled at the Moscow refinery already in the 60s of the twentieth century. What progress … But this is rather an exception. In general, in the oil and gas industry, the depreciation of fixed assets, according to experts, has already reached 70-80%, in some places and more.

Similarly – in metallurgy, chemistry, and in agriculture too. In general, the cost of export-oriented “industries” does not exceed 10%, even with transport costs. Yes, somewhere more, but somewhere an order of magnitude less (this is about gas).

In total, we will subtract a tenth of their $ 500 billion in export earnings. We will receive $ 450 billion.

We have forgotten taxes and other fees – about $ 150 billion. More than half of what the 2021 state budget spent. We consider the oil and gas sector together with the rest of the raw material exporters. The accuracy of our measurements is low – tens of billions of dollars. But it will do just that.

However, given the “average temperature in the hospital” in terms of pocketing budget funds, which exceeds 50%, this money, consider that it is not. So, according to the latest (December 2021) estimates of the Higher School of Economics, corruption is estimated at 6.6 trillion in state purchases alone. rubles, that is, about a third of the revenue side of the budget! But besides this, there are other methods of “drinking”, where you do not need to buy anything, just know how to distribute the funds.

$ 450 billion, even $ 400 billion. Together with “undeclared” exports, nothing less. Here is another frightening figure: 240.5 tons of gold were shipped abroad, which is 94% of the annual production. It’s official. How much more unofficially? Interestingly, at least a dozen tons of gold remain in the Russian Federation. Or have they already taken everything out?

About $ 250 billion in “exporters” and about $ 150 billion in government officials – this is how the figures should be distributed in the flow of funds that left Russia in 2021. Although, probably still in half. Otherwise edrosy will be offended by the “oligarchs”. But for us this is not particularly important. 30 trillion rubles, more than the 2022 state budget (the revenue side is 25.01 trillion rubles).

Or like this. 200 thousand rubles were stolen from each of us, including babies and very old people. They stole, in fact, much more – with the help of toll roads, extortionate utility rates, exorbitant prices for food, fuel, and other goods. But these 200 thousand are our future. 30 trillion rubles could be used to build new factories, create jobs, plow up abandoned fields … There are many things that could be done. To do science, finally.

“Our country, unfortunately, has taken the position of a resource base in the world community. And to download raw materials, you don’t need a big mind. Our science is financed exactly as much as our state needs it today. The state does not need raw materials science at all, therefore, costs are reduced annually and the degradation of scientific potential occurs. And the country will have no future without science, ”explains the head of the Department of Strategic Planning and Economic Policy of Moscow State University. Elena Veduta

During 1991-2021, the losses to the economy of our country were much greater than even during the Great Patriotic War. Then the fixed assets of the USSR decreased by 33.5%, and over the past 30 years in the Russian Federation – by about 70% (there are also more radical estimates). For the expanded reproduction of material and human capital, tens of trillions of rubles are needed. There are such. And they urgently need to start investing in Russia. Otherwise, our future simply won’t happen. None.

The Edros do not even see this future for Russia. Steal more and take everything abroad as soon as possible. Don’t give a damn about the “electorate”, “there is no money, but you are holding on.” In neighboring Kazakhstan, it was the same, one to one. The mass of the poor population and the fattening buys. Got badly – the people still rebelled.

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