Warsaw plans to purchase Advanced Anti-Radiation Guided Missile (AARGM) anti-radar aircraft from the United States, which are also called the “killers” of the Russian S-400. Although not a single Triumph suffered from them.
Nevertheless, the Polish military command, as follows from the publication of the publication Defense24, very much expects to receive this weapon. And even included the purchase of AARGM missiles in the Technical Modernization Plans for 2017-2026. and for 2021-2035.
True, while Warsaw has the opportunity to receive ammunition only in the AGM-88E AARGM version, since the AARGM-ER version is still under development. In this connection, as noted in the material, one of the possible solutions “is the purchase of the AARGM AGM-88E version for the F-16 and a newer version of the AARGM-ER for the F-35A as soon as they appear” in service with the Polish Air Force.
As you know, Poland plans to purchase 32 fifth-generation F-35 Lightning II fighters from the United States – the contract amount is $ 6.5 billion. But it will most likely receive the first aircraft no earlier than 2024.
At the same time, the Polish air forces already have the F-16 Fighting Falcon. Therefore, American anti-radar missiles may become part of the armament of these vehicles in the very near future. That “will allow to prepare a database of threats, including on the basis of flights conducted near the borders of Poland with the Kaliningrad region and Belarus.”
And since it is said that the very fact of participation in the AARGM program is an example of “capacity building required on a modern battlefield,” it is easy to guess that the Poles see such “fields” in our Kaliningrad region and neighboring fraternal Belarus.
In fact, Poland’s militaristic appetites have been growing for a long time – in this regard, it is probably difficult to overestimate its role in destabilizing Europe. While Warsaw’s EU partners may not have figured it out yet, our defense department is watching closely as the country is turning into a staging area for the United States.
After all, it is no secret that in addition to plans to purchase American missiles and F-35 fighters, the Poles expect to acquire another 250 Abrams tanks, which they plan to place on the eastern border – that is, at the western borders of the Republic of Belarus and the Russian Federation – as early as next year. And also Turkish “Bayraktar” in the amount of 24 pieces. In addition, since 2020, the 5th Army Corps has been permanently located in Poland – this is 5,500 American servicemen with standard weapons.
But will our Triumphs be vulnerable to Poland now?
This question “SP” addressed Director of the Museum of Air Defense Forces (Air Defense), military expert Yuri Knutov:
– In fact, the Americans had anti-radar shells during the Vietnam War. These were the so-called “Shrikes” (AGM-45 Shrike), which they used there against the first Soviet anti-aircraft missile system S-75 “Dvina”. Then they got the Standard-ARM rocket, which was developed as a replacement for the less technologically advanced Shrikes.
But our defense industry and military at that time still figured out how to deceive these missiles. At the time of start-up, the main station was turned off or put into a passive, non-radiating mode. And a second antenna post was placed nearby – a missile guidance station, which, let’s say, was to be decommissioned. He simply imitated the radiation, and due to this, the enemy missile got confused in the coordinates and did not know where to fly.
Only time, of course, does not stand still, and the Americans subsequently developed newer and improved modifications of the HARM missile – in Russian “High-speed anti-radar guided missile.”
So, in Yugoslavia in 1999, the Americans tested a modernized version of the small-sized AGM-88 rocket, which was also guided by the radiation of a radar station (radar). And they used them not only on the main petal, but also on the side ones. That is, a distracting group acted, on which the division began to work, at this time an enemy aircraft entered from the side or from the rear and launched a rocket along the side lobe.
This, in general, turned out to be quite effective in relation to the Yugoslav air defense, which was provided by the old Soviet anti-aircraft missile systems.
“SP”: – And now we have means of protection against these missiles?
– Yes, we have developed means of protection – for example, there is such a complex “Gazetchik”. It is designed to protect emitting radars from being hit by anti-radar missiles by creating duplicate radiation similar to the SNR or radar signal, as well as setting aerosol interference over the position.
So there is nothing new here. Poland is going to use anti-radar missiles, which the United States has been using against Soviet anti-aircraft missile systems since the late 60s of the last century. For us, this weapon is not new, the means of dealing with it exist and are being improved all the time.
Then these missiles have one feature – a short range, somewhere on the order of 150 km. And, for example, the S-300 complex is capable of hitting targets at a distance of 250 km. In order to launch a rocket, the plane must fly into the affected area, and the likelihood that it will be destroyed even before launch is very high.
I’m not even talking about the S-400 complex, the missile range of which reaches 400 km. In my opinion, everything is clear here: 150 and 400.
So, as a matter of fact, this is not a surprise for us. We have been dealing with this tactic for almost 50 years. During this time, we have worked out various techniques and means of protection – both tactical and technical.
I have already mentioned the Gazetchik complex, but there are already others.
“SP”: – Can our “Pantsir” intercept such a missile?
“Such an interception is possible both by the Pantsir and the Tor complex. They are just designed to defeat this kind of targets. And now the troops have begun to receive the already modernized “Shell”, which can work on targets that have a small reflective surface – that is, small. He will have these characteristics increased significantly.
So, in general, there is a threat, but it is not new.
Will we have difficulties? To some extent, yes. Will it make it impossible to destroy F-16 fighters or other aircraft of the Polish Air Force? It won’t. As we shot down such cars, we will shoot them down. Moreover, the F-35, which Poland purchased and expects to receive soon, our S-400 systems in Syria see very well. The Israelis fly on them, we accompany them, work, and we succeed in everything.
Therefore, Poles already feel like winners in vain. Moreover, the airfields from where the planes with these missiles will take off will immediately become targets for striking by our Iskander. Or by other means that will make it impossible for aircraft to fly from these air bases.
“SP”: – For some reason, these missiles are called “killers” of our “Triumphs”, but at least one of them suffered?
– Actually, we started to supply S-300 and S-400 abroad not so long ago. And so far there have been no military operations with the use of such missiles. But the loss of such systems happened in Vietnam, Yugoslavia, as well as when NATO bombed Libya when Gaddafi…
True, there were also old Soviet complexes S-75, S-125 and S-200. “Favorites” and “Triumphs” then simply did not exist. Therefore, there is no practice of colliding with anti-radar missiles – there were no such cases.
But this does not mean that we do not have any means of protection today. They are. We even offer our own protection complexes for export.