Autism currently affects one in one hundred and fifty children. The fact that autism is a severe developmental disorder is generally known to everyone. The vast majority of children with autism, however, look quite “normal” and, at first glance, nothing special is visible, but their behavior varies in intensity compared to that of their peers. For the most part, autism affects a child’s communication and social skills.
In addition, recent studies have shown that the earlier autistic children receive professional help, the more promising the opportunity for intervention. Currently, autism is first diagnosed in children around three years of age. Early diagnosis is very problematic and often impossible because there are no reliable diagnostic tools for younger children.
The National Institute of Child Health and Development has established a list of symptoms that, if present in very young children, should alert you that something is wrong and that autism may be the problem.
- Aged twelve months the child still does not “hum” and does not emit other sounds characteristic of this age, does not even make minimal gestures, such as pointing or waving his hands.
- Aged sixteen months the child is unable to say a single word.
- Aged twenty four months he doesn’t even use two-word sentences.
But, it is very important to remember that if your child exhibits any of these symptoms, they do not necessarily, automatically, suffer from autism. However, it is advisable to be examined by a specialist.
In addition, you should pay attention to other symptoms that may indicate autism problems in children.
Also pay attention to tiptoeing or the child’s obsession with aligning things in a certain order, his dedication to other (incomprehensible to you) rituals.
An obsession with the order of putting things in a permanent place is typical. You should also pay attention to whether the child is interested in his peers and is looking for a children’s company.
They often show stereotypes in their movements. Children with autism rarely laugh and avoid eye contact when communicating.
Autism spectrum disorders are not fully understood, there are still too many questions regarding it, but experts agree that the earlier this disease is diagnosed, the easier it is to influence the life of not only the child, but also his environment. There is no cure for autism, but experts can make your child’s life more enjoyable and teach them how to live with their illness.