Why doesn’t Japan give up its claims to Russian lands?
The Japanese Cabinet of Ministers has sent a protest to the government of the Russian Federation over the shooting practice in the area of the Kuril island of Iturup, Secretary General of the Japanese Cabinet of Ministers Katsunobu Kato said during a press conference.
A Japanese official noted: “The Russian side on August 21 sent us a notification that in the coastal area of Iturup Island in the territorial waters of our country (?! – A.K.) From 26 to 29 August and from 13 to 17 September, shooting practice will take place. In response, a protest was expressed through diplomatic channels, since the conduct of these exercises is unacceptable and does not correspond to the country’s position “…
Recall that Tokyo, after the adoption in 2009 by the Japanese parliament of the law declaring the Russian islands of Kunashir, Iturup, Shikotan and Ploskie (Habomai in Japanese) Japanese territory, calls them in diplomatic practice “its own”. And it requires Russia to recognize the sovereignty of Japan on these islands and in the territorial waters washing them, as well as in 200-mile economic zones. Although Moscow, of course, is not going to give Russian territory to another state, until recently it was holding high-level talks, during which it tried to find a “mutually acceptable compromise” with Tokyo on the so-called territorial issue. This gave the Japanese side reason to consider the “unresolved issue” and to impose on the Russian side a discussion of the nationality of all the South Kuril Islands, which in terms of area constitute half of the Kuril ridge – about 5 thousand square meters. kilometers. The richest in resources the exclusive economic zone of Russia around these islands is 213 thousand square meters in area. kilometers. And it was these islands and vast economic zones belonging to the Russian Federation that the Japanese government, hiding behind a military alliance with the United States, set out to take away from Russia.
Tokyo’s appetites grew as, unlike the Soviet government, which rejected the very fact of the existence of a “territorial issue” between the two countries, M. Gorbachev and then B. Yeltsin began to recognize its existence and fix the “existence of a problem.”
Subsequently, a different formula was chosen, when negotiations were conducted, as it were, not about the Kuriles, but about the signing of a peace treaty, supposedly necessary 76 years after the end of the war. And this despite the fact that in reality all the issues that make up the content of peace treaties, including ending the state of war, were resolved 65 years ago in the 1956 Soviet-Japanese Joint Declaration, ratified by the parliaments of both states. This declaration also fixes a joint approach to resolving the issue of territorial delimitation, which was not possible only because of Tokyo’s unwillingness to take advantage of the good will of the Soviet government, which allowed the transfer of the islands of the Lesser Kuril ridge – Shikotan and Ploskih – to Japan after the signing of the peace treaty.
Instead of implementing the relevant article of the 1956 Joint Declaration, the Japanese government concluded in 1960 with the United States a military alliance directed against the USSR, according to which the American army was able to permanently deploy its bases throughout the Japanese islands. This prompted the Soviet government to make the fulfillment of its promise regarding the Lesser Kuril ridge conditional on the withdrawal from Japan of all foreign, that is, American, troops. This condition has not yet been fulfilled, which gives the Russian side the right to consider the consent of the Soviet government, given in 1956, to the transfer of the islands of the Lesser Kuril ridge to Japan to have lost their force.
Although the Russian government has so far avoided such a wording, amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation prohibit the transfer of our country’s territories to a foreign state. As the Russian Foreign Ministry explained, the amendments made to the amendment to change the state border through the procedures of demarcation, delimitation and redemarcation have nothing to do with the Kuril litigation.
Recently, Moscow’s position in relation to Tokyo’s claims to Russian lands has tightened.
In the Japanese media, the words of the Deputy Prime Minister of the Russian Federation, Plenipotentiary of the President of the Russian Federation in the Far Eastern Federal District Yuri Trutnev about the priority development of the Far East and the southern Kuriles provoked a violent reaction. Interest was aroused by the Deputy Prime Minister’s statements about the rapid introduction of a special economic zone in the region and the attraction of foreign investors. The Japanese media paid special attention to Trutnev’s phrase, in which he says that by developing these plans, the Russian government intends to stop Japan’s attempts to express its claims to the southern Kuriles.
As an influential news agency in Japan wrote Yahoo News Japan, Trutnev’s statements “Are the first declaration of the Russian government regarding its plans to put an end to the problem of ownership of the northern islands due to their large-scale economic development.” “The Russian Deputy Prime Minister once again stated with all clarity:” The South Kurils are Russian land “… Russia is seeking to increase its pressure on Japan in the direction of undermining its position on the territorial issue”, – notes the Japanese edition.
Tokyo did not ignore the declassification of the FSB of Russia of documents revealing plans to use bacteriological weapons developed in Japanese secret military laboratories against the population of the USSR, as well as plans to occupy vast territories of the Soviet Far East and Siberia.
The voice of the Russian Foreign Ministry has noticeably strengthened when commenting on Japanese propaganda. Unwilling, as was the case before, to bypass the “sharp corners” of Russian-Japanese relations, Russian diplomacy, one might say, is going over to a counteroffensive. And he does it convincingly. In connection with the events in Japan dedicated to the announcement of the cessation of hostilities by Emperor Hirohito on August 15, 1945, the official representative of the Russian Foreign Ministry Maria Zakharova made a rather harsh statement.
It was stated that Moscow drew attention to the official events held in Tokyo on August 15 on the occasion of the so-called Day of Remembrance of the Fallen in War and a prayer for peace. Russia notes with regret that once again in the speeches of the Japanese leadership there were no words of remorse and recognition of responsibility for unleashing World War II, aggressive actions against neighboring countries.
“We note with indignation that groundless accusations against the USSR and Russia continue to be expressed in Japan in the allegedly unlawful nature of our country’s entry into the war“ in violation of the Soviet-Japanese pact of neutrality ”and the“ illegitimate occupation ”of the southern Kuriles. In this regard, we would like to remind you that an objective and only correct assessment of the events and results of World War II can be found in the Act of Japan’s surrender of September 2, 1945, materials of the Tokyo and Khabarovsk trials, ”
– said the director of the information and press department of the Russian Foreign Ministry.
It is this principled position that makes the Japanese realize that artificially escalating tension around the non-existent “territorial problem” is harmful to relations between the two neighboring countries.
And although there are many revanchists among Japanese commentators who call for acquiring nuclear missiles and “recapturing the northern islands by force,” there are many who understand that confrontation with Russia should be stopped and the results of World War II should be accepted. These commentators write:
“Unfortunately, Russia has owned the northern territories for longer than Japan (during the Meiji era). Several generations of Russians have already been born there. It would be necessary to somehow complicate their life on the islands, but Japan has neither ideas nor opportunities in this regard. “
“As long as we remain vassals of America, Russia will never weaken the line of confrontation with us. You can’t trust the sweet promises of the Russians. We remain enemies! ”
“It’s time to end these stupid dreams and talk of the right-wingers about returning the islands to us. Russia does not want to return them in the least, and our rulers and deputies cannot fight for their return! “
“Why are we so proud! We no longer have an economy or technology! Yes, we don’t need Russia anymore! And this is already obvious to everyone! “
“We only know how to whine:“ Russia is terrible, China and South Korea are terrible! Dear America, save me! ” And so we sob, pray to the patron saint of children, the Buddhist deity Jizo! As children!”
“We, the losers in the war, must be silent! Winners are not judged! “
“Japan was defeated in the war and she cannot say anything! The northern territories belong to Russia! And there is no doubt about that! “
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