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Nov 10, 2021
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Varicose veins is a feminine disease

Varicose veins is a feminine disease

You don’t need to be a doctor to diagnose varicose veins. The disease is visible to the naked eye.

But in men, it is not so noticeable, not only because they hide their lower limbs under their trousers. Women suffer from varicose veins four to five times more often than men.

Feminine nature is more conducive to the manifestation of this disease (see “Risk Factors”). But this is not a reason to despair, because modern medicine offers a huge selection of preventive and therapeutic measures that will help avoid the development of varicose veins.

Varicose veins and hemorrhoids – relatives

Without knowing the basics of anatomy, this disease cannot be understood. Varicose veins that can be seen on the legs are varicose veins in which blood clots often form. Similar changes in the veins occur in other places, for example, with hemorrhoids. But the reason for all these nodes is the same – an increase in pressure inside the veins due to difficulty in the outflow of blood.

At the feet, the conditions for this are the most comfortable. The most important factor contributing to an increase in pressure in the veins of the legs is hydrostatic pressure: the legs are at the bottom, and in order for the blood to flow to the heart, it must be pushed with force. This is helped by the valves inside the veins, they let blood flow in only one direction – to the heart. In principle, the blood flow through the veins is arranged like this: when the muscles of the legs contract, they squeeze the veins – and the blood is pushed up, and the valves do not let it down (with varicose veins, they often stop working).

Now imagine what happens when you just stand or sit and the leg muscles are not working. The blood is not pushed, but stagnates in the veins. This increases the pressure in them and helps the development of varicose veins.

Movement is everything, rest is nothing

Imagine another option: something is preventing the flow of blood to the heart. This happens in people who are overweight or in women during pregnancy. Therefore, to protect against varicose veins, try to lose extra pounds, move more. If you have to sit or stand for a long time, try to move your legs more often, or at least just work your muscles occasionally. Avoid very hard work. It is not necessary to give up pregnancy, despite the fact that varicose veins occur in almost half of women carrying a child. This is not a disease yet, but simply a temporary condition that passes after childbirth. True varicose veins occur only in 10% of pregnant women.

You can easily keep your veins healthy if you take good care of them. Especially careful should be those women whose family already had varicose veins. During During pregnancy, try to move more, stand and sit less. Do not forget to lie down, especially after a load, while it is better to raise your legs – put them on an elevation, so that it is easier for blood to flow from them. When the first signs of varicose veins appear, you need to tightly bandage your legs with an elastic bandage, but it is even better to use special tights or stockings. They are of two types – preventive and curative. What do you need, the doctor will tell you. Therapeutic should only be selected by a doctor specially trained in this: they are chosen strictly according to the size and pressure on the surface of the skin, measuring many parameters of the leg. In prophylactic tights, the pressure on the surface of the skin and veins, of course, is less, but for some people this is enough for the prevention of varicose veins.

Will we treat or launch?

An important role in the prevention and treatment of varicose veins is played by drugs that strengthen the walls of the veins. Many of them are based on horse chestnut, but there are also synthetic medicines. Some of them need to be taken orally, but there are also products in the form of creams, gels and ointments that are applied to the surface of the skin. During pregnancy, like all other medicines, such drugs are used extremely rarely. But in other cases they are used, and today these funds are very popular.

Even if varicose veins are ripe for surgical treatment, you should not despair. Today, operations are done differently than before, when the leg was often disfigured by numerous cuts. Modern operations are sparing, they are carried out with an endoscope, minimizing injuries. And often even a microflebectomy is enough – removal of veins with a special instrument through miniature punctures in the skin. Compression sclerotherapy is also widely used: special drugs are injected into varicose nodes with a syringe, which, as it were, glue the wall of the veins from the inside. The nodes are excluded from the bloodstream and become invisible. They are often done on an outpatient basis, and sometimes in combination with other treatments.

Oleg Dneprov.

Photo: ADOBESTOCK

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