In 1995, the state undertook to restore and ensure the safety of personal savings of citizens of the former USSR on the territory of Russia. We are talking about deposits placed in the Sberbank of Russia before June 20, 1991. The restoration of savings should be carried out by translating them into target debt obligations of the Russian Federation using the debt ruble.
With the transfer of all guaranteed savings of citizens into targeted debt obligations of Russia, the amount of funds required to repay them will amount to 49.7 trillion in 2022. rubles, in 2023 – 51.8 trillion. rubles, in 2024 – 53.9 trillion. rubles. The suspension of compensations for Soviet deposits has been extended annually since 2003 due to the fact that the government has not yet developed a procedure for using the debt ruble and transferring deposits to targeted debt obligations of Russia. In addition, the government refers to the lack of financial sources to fully compensate for Soviet deposits.
The Communist Party faction immediately announced that it would vote against such a law. Her representative Mikhail Matveev, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Regional Policy and Local Self-Government in his speech noted: such a powerful state as Russia always has the opportunity to repay debts to its citizens. And apply the mechanism of mutual offset, at least for those who had Soviet savings.
“Vyacheslav Viktorovich, – he addressed the Chairman of the State Duma Volodin… – You tell us a lot about the fact that the heads of enterprises should be responsible, they should raise the minimum wage. The main employer in the country is the state, which actually privatized the Soviet country and its economy. As a result, the well-being of people who now possess super-wealth was created precisely due to the fact that they received the entire Soviet legacy in private hands. Now, after such a long time, there comes an opportunity, at least gradually, little by little, to give back to citizens what they owe them. “
The deputy urged to stop extending the moratorium and start looking for ways to repay debts to citizens. “Otherwise, people’s confidence in stability, in social justice, about which so much is said in the Duma, will be undermined,” emphasized Mikhail Matveev. – We do not pay debts not only to our own citizens, but to pensioners – it was they who mainly had Soviet savings. Moreover, the indexation of pensions has been frozen for working pensioners. People are actually discriminated against, humiliated several times. Once as a working pensioner, the second time as a person with Soviet savings, and the third time with the tariffs of the housing and communal services … As a result, a powerful blow is dealt to the welfare of the people. We will never overcome poverty if we do not start now to help those people who have lent their Soviet savings to the current regime, the current Russian state! “
The party member was supported by the deputy chairman of the State Duma committee on health protection Alexey Kurinny, who reproached the government for ineffective work, that it explains the arisen problem of debts not by the failures of the state apparatus, but by high inflation, which came like a covid, like an epidemic, and robbed our citizens.
“In essence, we have 60 trillion. reserves, – said the deputy. – Recognized debt, even recalculated in the nominal part of 50 trillion. rubles. It will grow every year. And now we are 21 years old offered to wait, postpone. Today they even offered not to recognize the debt, they say, these are moral compensation, in which the state is, as it were, ready to invest. Let me remind you: the law is called “On the restoration and protection of savings of citizens of the Russian Federation.” If they are restored and protected, then the state has obligations to the people. And naturally they must be given away. Nobody expects today to take these 50 trillion urgently. and distribute to our citizens. This is a very complex and lengthy process, but the problem must be solved already by working out a mechanism that will allow giving money to people. As a result, we freeze again, support the position of the government, which is clearly inclined to forget these debts, to introduce some kind of micro-project and immediately cancel obligations for 50 trillion. rubles. We are categorically against these debts being forgotten! “
In response, the speaker of the House, Vyacheslav Volodin, United Russia faction, noted that the issue under consideration has a moral side and, when discussing it, this must be taken into account.
“Let’s be honest: what happened to the country, how severe was the economic crisis, why were people starving? This was all a consequence of the collapse of the Soviet Union, – said the chairman of the State Duma. – And now you say: yes, the leadership of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union destroyed the country, people were abandoned, the country’s territory became smaller, many died, but you must pay debts for those rulers. For understanding, let me remind you: 70% of debt obligations at the time of 2004 were obligations of the Soviet Union, and 30% were obligations of the 90s. Paid to international banks, otherwise there would be other problems. We managed to do all this in just a small number of years. “
Viacheslav Volodin recalled: in the spring of 2003, the President Vladimir Putin introduced a proposal to change taxation and link it to export customs duties. That is, if oil starts to rise in price, then more revenues are withdrawn to the state. At that time, almost all oil companies were privately owned. “This law did not pass because you did not support it,” the Duma speaker chided opponents. “It only passed after United Russia won the majority in the State Duma in 2004.”
According to Viacheslav Volodin, everyone in the plenary hall was left with debts and no one compensated these debts. “But these are the debts of those who led the Soviet Union and the party that led to this collapse, and this means your moral obligation,” he addressed the audience. – We followed their leadership, supporting him in everything. But the leadership turned out to be corrupt, left its people alone with problems. We have an entire budget of 25 trillion. next year, and the debts were made for 200 trillion! Who made them? (From the audience sounded: Yeltsin!) They remembered Yeltsin. Memory began to recover after covid. But besides Yeltsin, there was Gorbachev, there was Ligachev and you can list further. Let’s make the country stronger and solve problems. Instead, we start to engage in politics, and politics is not in your favor! “
And then the deputies burst out.
Nikolay Kolomeitsev, First Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Labor, Social Policy and Veterans’ Affairs, Communist Party: “In the hall in the first row sat colleague Reznik, who, being chairman of the finance committee, buried six laws on reimbursement of deposits.”
Viacheslav Volodin: “Reznik’s colleagues are not in the hall, and we cannot appeal to him now. I think when he comes he will definitely answer your question. “
Sergey Neverov, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma, “United Russia”: “Deputy Matveyev made a very incorrect expression, calling from the rostrum the power“ regime ”. Please make a comment. As for the debts, you said very correctly: these are the debts of the ruling party at that time. And start with yourself – today you receive money from the budget for each vote. Give this money to the voter. “
Mikhail Matveev, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Regional Policy and Local Self-Government, Communist Party of the Russian Federation: “I read the regulations. It turns out that the chairman of the State Duma has no right to comment on the speeches of the deputies, to give them a description. And you, Vyacheslav Viktorovich, do this all the time, and, moreover, you do not just briefly comment, but read a whole educational lecture. I give you a remark. “
Viacheslav Volodin: “Thank you, Mikhail Nikolaevich, for your comment. And I ask you not to use the word “regime” in the future. If there was a regime, you would not be in this hall. “
Andrey Makarov, Chairman of the State Duma Committee on Budget and Taxes, United Russia: “In fact, rudeness and insults are constantly heard in this hall. And at the same time, people who allow this, believe that they can do it all. Within these walls, I never make comments, but I ask that our committee or commission pay attention to this, so that the rudeness that sounds constantly from this side (gesturing towards the Communist Party faction) is suppressed. People should know that in this hall, at least you cannot be rude! “
Sergey Obukhov, Deputy Chairman of the State Duma Committee for the Development of Civil Society, Issues of Public and Religious Associations, the Communist Party of the Russian Federation: “I want to stand up for Professor Matveyev: the word“ regime ”is a normal political science term. I claim this as a Doctor of Political Science. What kind of ethics can we talk about if a completely acceptable political science term is used ?! “
Vladislav Reznik, Member of the State Duma Committee on Budget and Taxes, United Russia: “I would like to say that this is an absolute lie with regard to the remark about“ buried laws ”in the committee headed by me at that time. It was not the laws that were buried, but the political initiatives that were impossible to carry out even theoretically. Because the cost of various initiatives has significantly exceeded the budgets of the Russian Federation for several years. “
Everything would be fine, for that and the parliament, to debate, even getting personal, if only the forelocks of opponents would not be tackled. But while the deputies argue, proving their innocence, in Russia over the past 2020, running under the flag of the leading political force “United Russia”, hundreds of thousands of people have lost their jobs, the volume of the population’s debt on loans has reached 20 trillion rubles, millions have rolled back below the poverty line. Russia turned out to be among the world leaders in terms of the rate of impoverishment of its citizens – over the past year alone, the number of the poor in Russia has grown to 19.6 million people.
Russia in 2020 became the world record holder for the difference between the incomes of the rich and the poor. So, according to the international consulting company Boston Consulting Group, the five hundred richest Russians own 40% of Russia’s wealth. Credit Suisse estimates that 57% of the country’s overall financial well-being is concentrated in the hands of 1% of the “super-rich” Russian citizens. According to the Russian version of Forbes, during the year of the pandemic (from March 2020 to March 2021), the combined fortune of Russian billionaires grew by $ 207 billion, to a record $ 663 billion. What lies behind this apparently unhealthy situation in the country? We will hear some answers already on October 28, when the State Duma will adopt in the first reading the federal budget for 2022 and the planning period of 2023-2024.