Many residents of the capital know, or at least have heard at least once that there is an underground Moscow sea. From time to time, newspapers explode with headlines: “Shock, the government is hiding it from you …”, and “Moscow will face the fate of the Tower of Babel,” and the like. Conspiracy theorists and mystic seekers always find secrets where there are none. They are not hidden or advertised, they are simply not interesting to anyone. Do you want to know what is near Moscow and what kind of sea it is?
What is near Moscow?
Let’s start with history. Many millions of years ago, when the tectonic plates were still active and the continents had not yet acquired the outlines we are accustomed to, the Central Russian valley stretched from the Ural mountains and almost to the present Smolensk. So, historians christened it, and I see no reason to call it something else.
This valley was covered with salt water, and this sea was called the Devonian. In size, this sea was like the Caspian and Black seas combined, and dinosaurs and other, now extinct animals splashed in it.
During the next shift of tectonic plates, the sea suddenly disappeared. Of course, it did not evaporate, but simply went underground, freeing up the territory for the first settlers, who are our ancestors. They had enough rivers to meet their needs, and no one cared where the sea had gone.
The place turned out to be good, and gradually the valley was populated by people. Villages and cities were formed until Moscow finally appeared.
Let’s skip a couple of centuries, but note that during the active development of Moscow, many rivers were allowed underground. Geologists and historians have counted about 5 thousand rivers near Moscow, and these are only rivers, not counting streams, creeks and small branches of rivulets.
They calmly flow themselves through old sewers, forgotten sewers and karst voids, making new and new paths for themselves. Few people know that the Moskva River, flowing through Moscow, loses up to 30% of its volume, and does this water disappear somewhere? It’s just that this water, like all streams and rivers, flows into the Moscow Sea or the Moscow Region.
They say that the Devonian Sea near Moscow was discovered by academician Gubkin Ivan Mikhailovich.
The academician knew that such a breed as near Moscow can hide emptiness in itself. Often, oil was found in such voids, but after carefully studying the subsoil near Moscow, the academician came to the conclusion that under the city there is not oil, but a huge sea, and the city itself rests on a hemisphere, consisting mainly of karst rocks.
The fact that this is not an easy river, but really the sea, became known thanks to the drillers. In 1929, wells were drilled in the Tagansky District to extract artesian water, but already at a depth of 555 meters it was found that the water was not drinkable due to too much mineralization. Having pierced the well up to 1070 m, the drillers stumbled upon a layer of seawater, the concentration of which was 262 g / l.
By the method of drilling and water sampling, it was found that the water of the Moscow Sea has three layers: the first layer is fresh water, the second is mineral, and the third is a salty layer, with a concentration similar to that of the Dead Sea in Israel.
In some districts of Moscow, sea water is found already at a depth of 800 m, which indicates the proximity of the underground sea or too thin a “cushion” of soil. In the area of the Belorusskaya and Novoslobodskaya metro stations, the surface of the underwater sea is only 300 meters away.
In Soviet times, the benefits of mineral and sea water were well understood. Several wells were drilled right there on the territory of some medical institutions, and now there is no need to go to the waters in Essentuki. Everything was right in the center of Moscow, and these hospitals are still working.
- Rehabilitation clinic on the street. Talalikhina, 26 A.
- A branch of the balneological hospital at Petrovka, 23.
- The Moscow Region sanatoriums – Monino, Arkhangelskoe, Dorokhovo, also offer treatment with mineral water from the Moscow Region Sea, and swimming pools with sea water.
Within the city there is one pool, into which water is poured, extracted from the sea depths of the Moscow Sea. This is the pool “Atlant” on the street. Talalikhin, 28.
Mineral water “Moskovskaya” is extracted from a special well 420 m deep on the territory of the Ostankino Drinks Plant. They say that dear Leonid Ilyich was very fond of this water.
Now in Moscow, only 850 thousand wells are officially registered for the extraction of mineral water, and how many of them were drilled illegally?
What do the Moscow diggers say?
Moscow diggers, who climbed all the undergrounds of Moscow, confirm the presence of the Moscow sea, but they never managed to get to it properly. Found only karst caves, which indirectly confirm the presence of something more.
The labyrinth of underground passages is so winding and unpredictable that every journey may be your last. Too unstable rock underground, sudden flooding of caves, crustal shifts from which known passages are closed and new ones open, all this complicates research. The diggers roughly divided the dungeon into 12 levels and 24 sublevels, and that’s just what they explored. According to them, the legendary Kitezh is located just near Moscow, literally. The network of Moscow dungeons is so vast that one can even call it not a city, but a whole state. It is not possible to fully study this state or draw up an approximate map.
Believe in the legends or not, it’s up to you, but the presence of a huge number of voids under the city is a fact that you cannot argue with.
Where is it safe in Moscow?
There is a geoseismic map of Moscow, which shows safe places and there is a chance to survive if Moscow starts to fail.
From time to time in Moscow streets sag, cars sink into the ground, but we blame everything on the bursting sewer. Sometimes it really is a sewage system, but in most cases it is a thoughtless urban development.
After all, they often build huge, heavy buildings, and do not pay too much attention to the state of the soil and emptiness. And the fragile karst crust can withstand such barbarism only for the time being.
In the center of Moscow, the thickness of the soil is 300-400 meters, and a colossal load falls on the vault of the cave, which hides the sea near Moscow. Closer to the outskirts it is safer, and there the thickness of the vault is closer to 1 thousand meters. For the center of Moscow, an earthquake of 4-6 points will be disastrous, but residents of the outskirts have a chance to survive.
Predictions about Moscow
Many elders and prophets compared Moscow with Babylon. City of sins, apostates and empty souls. And of course, all these sinners will sooner or later overtake the punishment of the Lord and the sinful city will fall into Tartarara. Of course, not only Moscow will fail, but also St. Petersburg. Well, you remember, Sodom and Gomorrah? So, with Moscow they decided to destroy Peter too. For clarity, they even created pictures of how this will happen.
It remains only to wait until Lenin is taken out of the Mausoleum. Most predictors associate precisely the removal of Lenin’s body and the Apocalypse into a single prediction.
There is a theory why Moscow will still be saved, and why it has always emerged victorious. All this thanks to the same ancient underground sea. Here you need to strain your imagination a little … But you will try?
Salt water is “dead water”, and fresh (mineral) water is “living”, respectively. Moscow stands on two sources of living and dead water, which gives the city powerful energy and invincibility. There is also the version that the earth is “yang” and water is “yin”, and these two elements balance each other, and emit powerful energy, which is used by all Muscovites, and thanks to this energy we will survive.
Of course, the theory is so-so, but I like it much more than the previous Apocalyptic one.