On the mechanics of coups d’état in Mali
Last week, the UN Security Council held a meeting on the situation in the Republic of Mali, one of the largest African states. The situation in this country was seriously complicated after the invasion of Africa by Al-Qaeda (AK), and then by the armed formations of the so-called Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (DAISH-BS). And it was in Mali that the first serious terrorist takeover attempt took place. state authorities.
However, in addition to the terrorists AK and DAISH-BS, a much more dangerous entity invaded Mali – the International Criminal Court. All the norms of the “protocol” were observed: the ICC was “invited” by the Mali authorities to investigate the atrocities of the AK and Daesh, but the ICC prosecutor F. Bensouda only pretended to be fighting the bandits. For almost ten years of “investigation”, she published only two indictments … demonstratively peripheral: against the background of terror and massacres, the ICC was able to “investigate” only … the destruction of cultural values and blame … one single person for it. Now the Mali authorities are under the tight control of global governance structures: the government must ensure human rights while fighting Al-Qaeda!
The scale of the terror in Mali is comparable to that of the war. In March 2012, an international terrorist army was stationed a few kilometers from the capital. Against this background, a coup d’état took place, aimed at displacing the military-political leadership, unable to resist terrorist aggression.
The new authorities were able to turn the tide, a government with a broad representation of the opposition was created. However, moderate Muslim leaders, ready to negotiate with the authorities, were threatened with liquidation. In mid-April, the chairman of the Azawad Movement Coordination (KDA) and Secretary General of the Arab Azawad Movement S. Brahim Ould Sidatt (Azawad is the name of a hypothetical state that the separatists intend to create in northern Mali) were killed.
Attacks by Islamists on the Malian defense and security forces, on civilians, and on the UN military mission continue. By all accounts, the UN peacekeeping mission in Mali is the most dangerous of all similar missions in the world.
The UN Security Council meeting took place two weeks after new coup d’état… This is the second coup d’état in the country in a year and a half. Everyone’s attention was drawn to the coup that took place in March 2020, but the latest coup that took place on May 24, almost went unnoticed by the world media.
The coup was carried out in the same way as last year: the president and prime minister were arrested, and after they announced their resignation, they were released. So to speak, a peaceful change of power. Like last time, not a drop of blood was spilled. The only difference is that last year a man from the outside took power, and now – the vice-president of Mali. And both times it was one person – Colonel Assimi Goyta.
You can also find a significant difference between the two coups. If the 2020 coup demanded a lengthy process of forming a government with a broad representation of the opposition, then this time everything happened almost instantly. The highest court of the country – the Constitutional Court – proclaimed Colonel Goytu the head of state and instructed him to form a new government. The second highest instance – the Supreme Court – immediately swore in A. Goyta.
If the former President Ba Ndau last year was legitimized by external forces (ECOWAS missions), then the new coup was legalized inside the country, at the level of the two highest courts! This significantly strengthens A. Goity’s position in external relations. At a meeting of the UN Security Council, France condemned this coup and announced the termination of joint military operations, and the head of the UN mission in Mali, who made a report to the Council on the situation in the country, announced the “swearing-in” of A. Goyta, saying that this was done by decision of the Constitutional court. As the silence was provocative, the representative of Mali asked to speak to make an important addition for the members of the Security Council.
The unanimous position of the judiciary in Mali has, in our opinion, its basis. Outwardly, the actions of A. Goyta look like a coup, but in fact the real coup took place a day earlier. And it was made by President Ba Ndau, who made a change of government, in particular the ministers of defense and state security. The fact that this was exactly a coup is evidenced by the fact that the change of key ministers was carried out in secret from Vice President A. Goyta. Given that the Vice President and a number of ministers represent the balance of power in the previously reached compromise, the secret operation to change the government can be regarded as a coup. So that On May 24, two coups d’état took place in Mali at once, but one went “unnoticed”, and the second was carried out as swiftly, so gracefully.
By the way, a few weeks before the coup on May 24, the Bamako city court terminated a nine-year case against those accused of the 2012 coup, in particular the head of the coup d’état Amadou Sanogo and a number of ministers, including the Minister of Defense. Despite the fact that the 2012 coup was not bloodless (21 soldiers died), the court ruled that the defendants should be amnestied.
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