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Dec 28, 2020
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Transnistria: will there be a blockade?

Transnistria: will there be a blockade?

The situation around the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic has escalated to the limit.

The new pro-Romanian President of Moldova M. Sandu has officially demanded to withdraw the peacekeeping forces of the Russian Federation from this region. The US, NATO, the EU, not to mention Romania, are stepping up pressure on Russia to get our soldiers out.

Of course, the Ukrainian authorities also support this with both hands. Back in 2014, Kiev canceled agreements with Moscow on the transit of troops and military-technical cargo. Apparently, the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic may soon find itself in a blockade ring.

HOW IT BEGAN

The surge of first anti-Soviet and then anti-Russian nationalism in the USSR in 1988-1991, which was caused by the Kremlin’s “perestroika” policy, also swept through Moldova. There, at the beginning of 1990, pro-Romanian nationalists came to power. Moreover, many of them since the beginning of the 1980s have been associated with the notorious Securitate – the ubiquitous special service of Romania during the reign of Ceausescu (1965-1989), who back in 1977, at a meeting with Brezhnev in Oreanda (Crimea), inspiredly told “dear Leonid Ilyich” about the forcible inclusion of Romanian Moldavia (and Northern Bukovina, which became the Chernivtsi region of Ukraine) into the USSR in 1940 and 1945.

Recall:

Romania occupied the present territory of Moldova in 1918. In response, the Russians and Moldovans on the left bank of the Dniester proclaimed in 1920 the Transnistrian Soviet Republic, which in 1924 became autonomous within Ukraine. And in July 1940 it merged with the Moldavian SSR, for Bucharest agreed with the ultimatum of Moscow (June 26, 1940): to return the region of the USSR in 48 hours …

But let’s return to closer times. One way or another, by the end of 1990, the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Soviet Socialist Republic was created, which since the beginning of 1992 has been called differently – the Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR). The main factor in the creation of the PMR was the anti-Soviet, and ultimately anti-Russian terror of the pro-Romanian nationalists in Moldova, especially in Transnistria. But their invasion attempts were thwarted by the PMR troops, which were formed during the fighting, and arrived in 1992-1993. Russian 14th Army. It remains in the republic to this day in the status of a peacekeeping contingent.

Let us recall in this regard that over 85% of the population of Transnistria has long been Russians, therefore the separation of this region from Chisinau was inevitable in the conditions of the frenzied Russophobia of the Moldovan authorities at the turn of the 1980s-1990s …

It is easy to guess that at first the Pridnestrovians wanted to join the USSR. However, our “best German of the year”, and concurrently President of the USSR M. Gorbachev signed a decree on December 22, 1990, which declared the creation of a new republic and its entry into the Soviet Union illegitimate. That is, he gave the go-ahead for further anti-Russian terror in this region, which was finally stopped in 1993, we repeat, thanks to the direct intervention of Russia.

Judging by the results of seven referendums held in the 1990s – early 2010s, the citizens of the PMR are still striving to become part of Russia in the status of an autonomous republic. More than 90% of their participants supported this. Moreover, in 2013 the parliament of Transnistria adopted a law on the application of Russian legislation in the PMR. And in 2014, he officially proposed to the State Duma of the Russian Federation to develop a law on the adoption of the PMR into Russia. But Moscow rejected these initiatives …

RICH LAND

By the end of the 1980s, Transnistria – no more than a quarter of Moldova’s territory – was its industrial core: over 60% of the Moldovan industrial and at least 50% of agricultural products were produced here. There were also the main power generating facilities of Moldova. By the way, it is from the PMR that the export of electricity to Romania has continued since the early 1980s, and has been supplied to Moldova for a long time. The Soviet industrialization of the Transnistrian region began in the late 1920s.

The PMR, along with deliveries to Russia and Moldova, exports its various industrial products – goods of the chemical industry, machine-building and machine-tool building, power equipment, textiles, medicines, fruits and vegetables and canned meat to more than 20 countries. At the same time, the PMR budget is financed by almost 90% at the expense of Russian subsidies, which are actually free of charge. And the Transnistrian ruble is an analogue of the Russian ruble.

However, Moldova’s desire, which is strongly supported by Romania and its NATO and EU allies, to “return” Transnistria is also linked to more serious geopolitical issues. Since the mid-1980s, the gas pipeline from Russia to the Balkans and to the European, Istanbul region of Turkey has been actively used. The pipe crosses Moldova, PMR and Ukraine several times. In the mid-1970s, Kiev and Chisinau insisted that it be laid either through Ukraine or through Moldova. In Moscow, they decided not to offend anyone, and it turned out to be a very bizarre, non-standard and, as it turns out now, dangerous track.

Post-Soviet Moldova has long wanted to take possession of this route entirely, including its 35-kilometer section in the south-west of the PMR, which will increase not only transit revenues, but also the importance of Moldova for Russia, and not the PMR. So the bloody excesses in Transnistria in 1991-1992, provoked by the pro-Romanian agents, also had a gas transit trail.

In short, it is quite possible to agree with Doctor of Historical Sciences Natalia Narochnitskaya: “The small territory of Transnistria between the Western and Slavic worlds is the key to the Eastern European region. But Transnistria does not want to dissolve its identity in Romania. And even more so in a “united” Europe, where there is no place for original peoples. “

Alexey Chichkin.

Photo: ADOBE STOCK

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