The Stavropol Territory is part of the North Caucasian District of the Russian Federation. These lands began to be settled in ancient times, and during the XVIII-XX centuries they were successively included in the Astrakhan, Caucasian regions, Ordzhonikidze region. The city of Stavropol was founded at the end of the 18th century; it became a provincial center in 1936.
Population of Stavropol
Representatives of more than a hundred peoples live in the Stavropol province. The Russian population is about 81%, the second largest number is occupied by the Armenians, the third – by the Dargins, the fourth – by the Greeks.
The alphabetical list of the peoples of the Stavropol Territory is as follows:
General traditions of Stavropol
Over the centuries of peaceful, conflict-free coexistence, the peoples of the Stavropol Territory have developed many common traditions and customs.
For all nations, holidays in the Stavropol province are:
- January 1 – New Year;
- January 7 – Christmas;
- February 23 – Defender of the Fatherland Day;
- March 8 – International Women’s Day;
- May 1 – Labor Day;
- May 9 – Victory Day;
- June 12 – Day of Russia.
In September, the region celebrates the Day of the city of Stavropol. This holiday attracts guests from the Crimea, Ingushetia, Krasnodar Territory, concerts, festivals, shows, fairs are held.
Many of the folk traditions of Stavropol are common to all nations. One of the main traditions is respect for elders. Elderly people enjoy authority, their opinion is listened to. If an elder enters the house, young people meet him standing up, and they can sit down only after his invitation. Children from an early age are brought up in obedience, diligence and adherence to religious rules.
For any Stavropol family, a guest is a welcome person in the house. Regardless of his nationality and religion, the guest will be offered an overnight stay and served the best food. According to tradition, before sitting at the table, it is customary to turn to God with a short prayer. A meal is considered a sacred act, so quarrels and foul language at the table are unacceptable, in any religion this is a great sin.
People of different nationalities living in the Stavropol Territory, while preserving their culture, try not to forget the traditions inherent in their people.
The last evening before the wedding, the future newlyweds spend separately: the bride in the circle of girlfriends, the groom with single friends. One of the unusual in Stavropol is the Russian tradition regarding the birth of children. It is customary for Russians to tie the umbilical cord of a newborn with a thread woven with the hair of the parents.
This temperamental Caucasian people have very cheerful weddings with music and incendiary national dances. The groom’s aunt puts on the bride’s clothes and veil, sprinkling the newlywed with perfume.
The Greeks have an interesting and unusual tradition – when the bride is redeemed, her hands are tied with the hands of the groom with a handkerchief. Such a ritual is considered a symbol of a long happy family life.
For the Dargin family, there has always been a traditional patriarchal way of life, the supremacy of the elders over the younger ones. Children are considered the greatest value among this people, the wish of childlessness is considered as the most terrible curse. At the birth of a child, the name is usually given in honor of revered ancestors or biblical prophets.
The Crimean steppe Tatars (Nogais) occupy the seventh place in terms of population in the Stavropol province. The traditions of the Nogais of the Stavropol Territory are distinguished by extraordinary hospitality and generosity. The guest is treated to the most delicious dishes and provided with the best bed, every house should have a guest room. According to the rules of Islam, which most Nogais preach, the name of the child is chosen and placed in a crib for the first time in the first 40 days of life, which are considered the most significant in the fate of a person.
Cuisine of the peoples of Stavropol
The culinary traditions of the Stavropol Territory are very diverse – each of the peoples living here has its own range of products and its own traditional cooking technologies.
Indigenous Russian dishes are popular among almost the entire population of the region:
- shchi – a kind of dressing cabbage soup;
- okroshka – cold soup on kvass or whey, the components of which are boiled potatoes, eggs, sausage or meat and fresh cucumbers;
- dumplings – small round products made of unleavened dough stuffed with minced meat;
- pie – yeast pies with an open top and meat, fish, vegetable or berry filling;
- jelly – saturated compote brewed with starch or flour.
Armenians cook food with hot peppers and fragrant spices – savory, basil, cilantro, dill. National Armenian dishes:
- lyvzha – mashed potato soup with meat broth;
- soup with lamb and churek – meat, tomato-seasoned monosoup, served with bread cakes (chock);
- bean stew – prepared from red beans and smoked meat, capsicum is put in it for spiciness;
- khorovats (barbecue) – this is a popular Asian dish Armenians cook by adding pomegranate juice to the marinade;
- dzukata is an analogue of the Russian biscuits “khvorost”, deep-fried thin strips of unleavened dough sprinkled with sugar.
Traditional dishes of Dargin cuisine are:
- gourma – lamb and potato soup seasoned with onions;
- sukhta – offal sausage with rice;
- kurze – dough products similar to dumplings, which are distinguished by a special “pigtail” modeling method;
- puff khinkal – steamed small rolls of yeast dough. Finished products are oiled and sprinkled with powdered sugar and nuts;
- miracle – pies made of very thin dough stuffed with minced meat and potatoes.
The hallmarks of Greek cuisine, in addition to the world-famous salad of tomatoes, cucumbers, olives and pickled Feta cheese, are:
- moussaka – puff casserole of eggplant, parmesan cheese and fried minced meat or minced meat with creamy bechamel sauce;
- taramasalata – a snack dish of smoked cod roe, lemon juice and olive oil;
- tirokafteri is a national mini-appetizer made from feta cheese, herbs, hot peppers and tomato sauce, which is served with alcoholic drinks.