Here, by the way, the anniversary crept up unnoticed. How imperceptible? After the amendment by a schoolboy to the President of the Russian Federation, the Northern War (not to be confused with “Seven Years”), for sure, reappeared in our operative memory. And its result was the Nishtadt Peace Treaty (now this town in Finland) – concluded, ratified and celebrated in Moscow from September 10 to 20, 1721 in a new style. And immediately after the Senate and Synod assigned Peter I the title of Emperor, therefore, the Russian Empire appeared on geographical maps instead of the Russian kingdom. 300 years ago.
However, now it’s not about fanfare and festivities, but about that long-standing agreement with the Kingdom of Sweden, for which we had to fight for 21 years. There was a lot of locally interesting things. And amnesty for “deserters” – everyone except supporters Mazepa… And further duty-free trade with the former enemy, and … the return of Finland to him.
To the victorious side was: a part of Karelia, located to the north of Lake Ladoga with Vyborg; Ingermanlandia from Ladoga to Narva; Estland with Revel; Livonia with Riga, Ezel and Dago islands. Ingermanlandia in the 21st century is mainly the Leningrad region, and our Baltic “non-partners” are aware of what Estland and Livonia are.
Now about the most curious – the fifth clause of the Nystadt Treaty: “His royal majesty (that is, Peter I, still without an imperial title) promises to pay the sum of two million efimks“. Who does not know, these same “efimki” are a kind of etymologically distant relative of the dollar.
The name goes back to the Joachimstaler silver coin from “Joachimstal” – the Joachim Valley in what is now the Czech Republic – at the place of its minting. The Europeans have got accustomed to the second part of the word – “thaler”. Echoes sounded in Danish and Swedish Dalers, Dutch Daalders, Ethiopian Talari, Italian Talleros, Flemish Dalders. In English, “thaler” was transformed into a dollar. But in Russia they adopted the first part of the word: silver coins of large denomination were called “efimkami” (Joachim – Efim).
How many, how many “two million”? For that money, the rate of one “fima” was 3 Swedish dalers, and according to “Financial statistics of Sweden in the period 1719-2003.” the treasury of the then kingdom numbered 6 million Swedish dalers. Thus, Russia gave the equivalent of the annual budget to Sweden. What is the receipt of the king Frederick I to the Russian envoy in Stockholm, the prince Dolgorukov – “Received in full”…
A deal for those times – you can’t dig, even more than a generous one on the part of the winner. “They knew how to fight, but did not know how to make peace” © The conquered lands were compensated to the ex-foe with the return of the “extra” Finland at that time. It would seem, why stir up such a past, because there is no one there for a long time, and there is no money? And here’s what.
There is a form of obstruction (from Lat. Obstructio “obstruction; locking”) known as the “Italian strike” – meticulously literal adherence to the logic of various instructions, rules and factors. So, taking into account and saving every legal letter and even a historical “comma”, any “compensation” claims from Russia can and should be effectively paralyzed, formally remaining in the mainstream of international relations. Only they should be perceived throughout, and not interrupted and counted from the moment from where it is beneficial for our opponents today. And then – a quote: “I remember here, I don’t remember here”… For example, gentlemen of the Balts crave “refunds” from the Russian Federation? So let them take it from a colleague in the European Union – Sweden, which once received money for these territories. How much has it run over 300 years with interest?
Surely, on the other side of the Russian borders, they will be indignant – absurd! Yeah. However, no more than the claims of “compensation” drawn from the “ceiling” of the wishlist. Here are clear numbers, confirmed by documents, which looks at least reasonable. And, by the way, the absurdity is absurd, but it is not in vain that the representatives of the new Baltic states have already made repeated attempts to challenge the meaning of Clause 5 of the Nystadt Treaty. In their opinion, the Efimki paid not for “Livonia” at all, but as a “bonus” to the principality of Finland returned to Sweden. Well, it’s like the winner gave the land, and on top of that, he paid an indemnity to the loser. Absurd? But Baltic “political historians” don’t give a fuck!
Hence, or similia similibus curantur – treat like with like. Or destroy the opposite to the nasty, a principle also noticed for a long time, when cold was applied to a burn. The Baltic states are just a tiny example, a special case, and by and large, historically speaking, the Russian Foreign Ministry, if desired, has many opportunities to arrange at “international enterprises”, sessions and gatherings of diplomatic parasites various forms of “Italian strike” – a verified obstruction that “shuts down” unfriendly attacks against national interests while observing formal rules and maintaining logical argumentation.
Why, then, is it easier for the Foreign Ministry to admit a conditional Masha Zakharova? Yes, because although she may be rude, she will not hurt her “partners” seriously. And because “Lavrovschina” is a logical continuation of “Kozyrevschina”. Moreover, they made excuses and retreated, while marking time and sometimes indistinctly rude.