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Sep 10, 2021
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There was no place for Crimean Tatars in Ukraine

There was no place for Crimean Tatars in Ukraine

Photo: Zuma / TASS

Our Ukrainian neighbors are in panic: the Russian Foreign Ministry invites representatives of the Crimean Tatar diaspora to the congress of compatriots, which will be held in mid-October in Moscow. Numerous experts and marginals from among the Crimean Tatar collaborators who have entrenched themselves in Kiev are trying to prove that Crimean Tatars cannot be considered Russian compatriots, that they have nothing to do with the Russian world. etc. All these attempts are hopeless for one simple reason: the Crimean Tatars have no fatherland in Ukraine, Kiev or Kherson region. There they, despite the quasi-status of the “indigenous people” of Ukraine, are a national minority with their own virtual autonomy, which in practice is not supported by anything.

The Ukrainians themselves write about this. So, on his Facebook page, the ex-deputy of the Verkhovna Rada Alexey Zhuravko published the following post: “Despite the promises of the authorities, the laws“ On the status of the Crimean Tatar people ”,“ On indigenous peoples ”, promised by the former president Petro Poroshenko back in 2014. The plans for the creation of the Crimean Tatar autonomy are deliberately not mentioned. Next president Vladimir Zelensky promised to make Kurban-Bayram and Uraza-Bayram public holidays, to build new mosques, but, of course, does not remember his promises. Since 2016, the Ukrainian authorities have not even been able to allocate land for the construction of houses for 500 apartments for Crimean Tatars in the south of the Kherson region near Crimea. Turkey is fully ready to finance the project, however, apparently, the budget does not provide for bribes for Ukrainian officials, so the issue is not being resolved. “

Attempts to provide some kind of historical basis for the imaginary unity of Ukrainians and Crimean Tatars look no less absurd. So the authors of the new book “Cossacks and Tatars: Ukrainian-Crimean unions of the 1500-1700s” Taras Chukhlib and researcher of Crimean history Gulnara Abdulaeva Within the framework of the ideologized history of Ukraine, they are trying to put forward a version of a military-political alliance of the Zaporozhye Cossacks and Crimean Tatars, allegedly on the grounds that both were “warriors”.

There were indeed alliances between the Cossacks and Tatars in those distant times, but they were, as a rule, temporary. But what Ukrainian researchers are not very fond of remembering is how, from the second half of the 16th, and especially in the 17th century, the Zaporozhye Cossack freemen literally staged terror on the Ottoman and Tatar coastal settlements of the Black and Azov Seas, cutting out and killing the peaceful Crimean Tatar population.

Here are just a couple of examples. In the mid 1570s. 5 thousand Zaporozhians under the command of the military esaul Nechai besieged Kafa, the present Feodosia, took it by storm, plundered the city and massacred almost all the inhabitants, except for 500 prisoners of both sexes. In 1575, the Zaporozhye Cossacks undertook a new campaign against the Crimea under the leadership of the prince Bogdan Ruzhinsky, also known as “Bogdanko”. Having penetrated the Crimea through the northern fortress of Perekop (Or-Kapy), the Cossacks set many cities of the peninsula to fire and sword, brutally killing the local Muslim population. The furious Cossacks gouged out the eyes of the men and cut off the breasts of the women. Maybe Ukraine, striving for common European human values, should repent before the Crimean Tatars for these crimes of a century ago?

The ideologists of modern nationalist Ukraine do not like to recall the negative role of Ukrainians in the process of deportation of the Crimean Tatar population from Crimea and the subsequent Ukrainization of the peninsula. Therefore, it is worth recalling some very interesting facts. So, one of the key leaders of the special operation to evict the Crimean Tatars from the Crimea in 1944 was a Ukrainian by nationality, a native of Poltava, Lieutenant General Ivan Sheredega, Head of the Main Directorate of Internal Troops of the NKVD of the USSR. A resident of Kharkiv actively helped him in this. Vasily Sergienko, People’s Commissar of Internal Affairs of the Crimean ASSR and later – the head of the UNKVD of the Crimean region, that is, one of the main organizers of the deportation of the Crimean Tatars, Bulgarians, Greeks, Armenians. We emphasize that at the grassroots level, among the soldiers and officers of the NKVD troops who participated in the deportation, there were also many Ukrainians.

Not Russian, but Ukrainian, nationalist-minded leaders forbade the Crimean Tatars to return to Crimea after the XX Congress of the CPSU, at which the repressive Stalinist policy was condemned. Then the main obstacle in the return of the Crimean Tatars to their homeland was the irreconcilable position of the Ukrainian leadership in the person of A.I. Kirichenko, Ukrainian, first secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine, the actual full-fledged ruler of this union Soviet republic. He understood perfectly well that the return of the deported would lead to a whole chain of legal acts to abolish anti-constitutional repressive laws and restore the status quo of the Crimean Autonomous Soviet Socialist Republic in the former composition of Russia.

And further, in the 50−80 years. XX century, the leadership of the Ukrainian SSR consistently pursued a line on the Ukrainization of the Crimea. In the summer of 1951 alone, several government decrees were issued on the mass resettlement of Ukrainians to Crimea. They were resettled mainly from the central and western regions of Ukraine. The Kiev rulers artificially changed the ethnic, linguistic and cultural map of the Crimea. At the same time, the Crimean Tatars and other peoples who had lived on the peninsula for centuries were forbidden to return to Crimea.

So, the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR on December 15, 1956 adopted a special resolution, which directly stated “… the inexpediency of resettlement on the territory of the Kherson, Zaporozhye, Nikolaev and Odessa regions of Tatars, Germans, Greeks, Bulgarians, Armenians and other persons who previously lived in the Crimean region, and now they are returning from the places of the special settlement. To oblige the executive committees of regional, city and district Soviets of Deputies of the working people of these regions: … to stop accepting Tatars, Germans, Greeks, Bulgarians, Armenians and other persons who previously lived in the Crimean region, and are now returning from the places of the special settlement and provide them with the necessary assistance in leaving beyond the borders of these regions, as well as beyond the borders of the Ukrainian SSR. “

This resolution was signed by two Ukrainians: the head of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR N.Kalchenko and the manager of the Council of Ministers of the Ukrainian SSR F.Sirenko

Empty promises were generously distributed to the Crimean Tatars for more than a quarter of a century of Crimea being part of an independent and so-called democratic Ukraine. But nothing was done. The reason is simple: since the early 2000s. the oligarchic clans of Ukraine, in their selfish interests of plundering the state, with the support of the West, began to build a nationalist mono-ethnic state. Within the framework of the officially announced doctrine of building a unitary Ukraine – “one country, one people, one language, one faith“- there was no place for the Crimean Tatars. They were remembered only after 2014, when Crimea “sailed away” from Ukraine. They remembered not because they were especially needed, but as a counterbalance to Russia.

For the current rulers of Kiev, the Crimean Tatars are one of the trump cards in the foreign policy game, allowing them to receive financial assistance from the West. Therefore, any manipulative attempts to present Ukraine as a traditional ally and blood guardian of the Crimean Tatars look like a cynical lie.

De facto, since the end of the 18th century, Crimean Tatars have always been citizens of the Russian state, with the exception of a short period of being a part of independent Ukraine. Recall that the great son of the Crimean Tatar people, an outstanding educator, dreamed of the social integration of the Tatars of Russia into Russian society. Ismail Gasprinsky… Today the Crimean Tatars are part of the united and multinational Russian people. By inviting foreign Crimean Tatars to the congress of compatriots, Moscow gives a clear signal that their real historical homeland is the Russian Crimea. So it was, is and will be, no matter how anyone would like in Ukraine and abroad.

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