President of Kazakhstan Kassym-Jomart Tokayev made a new appeal to the nation, in which he assessed the current situation in the republic, explained why he turned for military assistance to the member states of the Collective Security Treaty Organization (CSTO), named those responsible for organizing the riots, assuring compatriots that there would be no mercy to terrorists … The head of state also thanked the people of Kazakhstan for calmness and civic consciousness and promised in the near future to propose a plan of reforms and concrete measures for their implementation.
“For cover and support”
Tokayev recalled that despite the fact that the situation in the country has stabilized and the introduction of the state of emergency is yielding results, the anti-terrorist operation continues: large-scale and well-coordinated work is being carried out by the police, the National Guard and the army to establish law and order in accordance with the Constitution. At the same time, the president made it clear that no one is going to stand on ceremony with terrorists – that is why law enforcement agencies and the army were ordered to open fire to kill without warning.
“Abroad, calls are made to the parties to hold negotiations for a peaceful solution of the problems. What nonsense! What kind of negotiations can there be with criminals, murderers? We had to deal with armed and trained bandits, both local and foreign. It is with bandits and terrorists. Therefore, they need to be destroyed. And this will be done in the near future, ”the head of state promised firmly, adding that the forces of law and order are morally and technically ready to fulfill this task.
Thanking the heads of the CSTO member states for the prompt response to his appeal for help, Tokayev explained that the united peacekeeping contingent arrived in Kazakhstan in accordance with the organization’s statutory documents and with the sole purpose of providing assistance in establishing constitutional order. This contingent, the president specified, arrived in the republic “for a short period of time to carry out the functions of cover and support.”
Speaking about the tragic events of recent days, the head of state noted that what happened in a new way highlights the problems of democracy and human rights. But democracy, according to Tokayev, is not permissiveness and, moreover, not incitement, including in the blogosphere, to unlawful actions. As the tragedy of Almaty and other cities of Kazakhstan showed, it is the non-observance of laws, permissiveness, and anarchy that lead to the violation of human rights.
“Let me remind you that at my suggestion, a law on peaceful assemblies of citizens was adopted in May 2020. This law, in fact, is a big step forward in promoting democracy in our country, because it provides not a permitting, but a notification character of rallies and assemblies. But some so-called “human rights defenders” and “activists” put themselves above the law and believe that they have the right to gather wherever they want and chat what they want, ”the head of the republic said, making it clear that these very actions lead to the destabilization of society.
Tokayev called the “so-called free media” and “foreign figures” who are extremely far from the fundamental interests of the multinational people of Kazakhstan as accomplices and “instigators” to the violation of law and order.
“It can be said without exaggeration that all these irresponsible demagogues became accomplices in unleashing the tragedy in Kazakhstan. And we will react toughly to all acts of legal vandalism, ”the President added.
Then Tokayev announced the creation of a special interdepartmental group, which will focus on the search and detention of bandits and terrorists, and asked all Kazakhstanis to be careful and vigilant, as well as to report any suspicious activity of dubious persons to law enforcement agencies and hot lines.
“I promise our citizens that all bandits and terrorists will be brought to the strictest criminal responsibility,” he stressed.
The secret threads of the gangster underground
Noticing that “debriefing” in connection with the actions of law enforcement agencies and the army is still ahead, Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev admitted that the state had “overslept” the underground preparation of terrorist attacks by the militants’ sleeping cells and it is critically important to find out why this happened.
“20 thousand bandits attacked Almaty alone. Their actions showed the presence of a clear plan of attacks on military, administrative and social facilities in almost all areas, well-coordinated coordination of actions, high combat readiness and bestial cruelty. In addition to the militants, there were specialists trained in ideological sabotage, skillfully using disinformation or “fakes” and capable of manipulating people’s moods. It seems that a single command post was engaged in their preparation and management, ”the president stated, adding that the KNB and the General Prosecutor’s Office had already begun to investigate this.
Summing up the results of his speech, Kassym-Jomart Tokayev once again recalled that the counter-terrorist operation will be carried out to the bitter end – “whoever does not surrender will be destroyed”, and there is a lot of work ahead to learn the lessons of the tragedy experienced, including from the socio-economic point of view … The head of state assured that all the demands of the people of Kazakhstan, expressed in a peaceful manner, were heard by the authorities and as a result of the dialogue a compromise was reached, solutions were worked out on acute socio-economic problems.
“I am absolutely sure that our sacred Motherland – Kazakhstan – will become a strong state on the world map, our economy will develop dynamically, and the social situation of our citizens will improve. To achieve these goals, I will propose a plan of reforms and specific measures for their implementation, ”summed up Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev.
“There is optimism and hope”
Russian political scientists and experts have already commented on President Tokayev’s speech.
“President Tokayev is in control of the situation. And this is the main thing that the citizens of Kazakhstan should hear now, – the famous political scientist believes. Sergey Markov… – “On New Year’s days, there was a rapid attack on Kazakhstan, which at first led to the confusion of the authorities. Kazakhstan has lived in peace for 30 years; there have been no conflicts on its territory. Probably, this relaxed the security forces, and they did not notice the preparation of the conspiracy. Well-trained groups of militants took advantage of some spontaneous protests on socio-economic issues.
Today, both Kazakhstanis and Russians are very happy that the crisis has reached a turning point. But you need to draw conclusions. Both in terms of security and in the socio-economic sphere. These conclusions will be important for Russia as well, because we have similar problems with Kazakhstan. I sincerely hope that these conclusions will make it possible to seriously adjust the policy of both Kazakhstan and Russia. I have been to Almaty many times. This is one of the most beautiful cities in all of Eurasia. Now it hurts to watch him defeated. I am sure that the population of Kazakhstan breathed a sigh of relief today. The chaos was stopped and life will gradually enter a peaceful course, ”says Sergei Markov, director of the Institute for Political Research.
The address of President Tokayev to the people of Kazakhstan was highly appreciated by the head of the Department of Central Asia and Kazakhstan of the Institute of CIS Countries Andrey Grozin…
“I think this is a fairly balanced appeal. There is no desire to patch up the problem. It is clearly indicated that a sufficient number of ministries and departments, primarily the power ones, have not worked effectively enough. It was necessary to try very hard to “miss” such an event.
I agree with President Tokayev. Everything that has happened in recent days is completely different from a spontaneous manifestation of discontent. This is an attempted rebellion. Using the legitimate dissatisfaction of a part of the population with harsh, ill-considered economic decisions that hit the social health of the population, the hostile forces tried to destroy the state and seize power. The activities of all these people were coordinated from a single headquarters, there is no need to talk about any spontaneity. In addition, the steps to seize the system of state power, the city’s vital facilities were also coordinated. Trained terrorist groups rampaged. If they were allowed to manage for another day or two, the consequences would be catastrophic. And for the country, as a state entity, and for the citizens living in this country.
In my opinion, the message also emphasizes quite correctly that the state will certainly survive this difficult period and, relying on the help of its closest neighbors, CSTO partners, EAEU partners, will be able to return life to normal.
On my own behalf, I would like to wish Kazakhstan to return to its normal track as soon as possible, put things in order and learn lessons. By the way, Tokayev also mentioned this. And to prevent a repetition of such events in the future, ”says Andrey Grozin, Candidate of Historical Sciences.
According to the director of the information and analytical center for the study of socio-political processes in the post-Soviet space at Moscow State University Daria Chizhova, the president of Kazakhstan has completely correctly dotted the i’s.
“In my opinion, the measures proposed by the President are indeed very balanced and timely. On the one hand, he turned to the peacefully protesting citizens, promising that the authorities would carry out systematic work to improve the socio-economic situation in the country, and he would soon announce reforms. On the other hand, he sent a clear message to the elites that the situation in the country is under control, that the government is strong, it is not afraid and is ready to solve the most difficult problems, ”the expert emphasized.
Doctor of Political Science, Head of the Central Asia Sector, IMEMO RAN Dina Malysheva said President Tokayev’s speech was encouraging and hopeful:
“Without any bluntness, a very firm, harsh warning sounded, which, perhaps, will sober up at least those who, due to some coincidence of circumstances, have joined the organizers. Blood was shed and almonds are unacceptable here. President Tokayev promises to address the social issues that prompted the protests. They were not the cause, but they were the impetus. This promise inspires some hope that measures will be taken in the fight against corruption and in the social sphere to improve the lives of ordinary citizens. I am sure that the President’s speech will reach the addressees. “
And the editor-in-chief of the publishing house “Khudozhestvennaya literatura” Georgy Pryakhin wished fraternal Kazakhstan to get out of this alteration with the least losses.
“I knew Kassym-Zhomart Tokayev when he was still working at the Soviet embassy in China. This is a subtle, intelligent person. And today this intelligent person, whose speech I listened to live, I wish courage and, of course, compassion, which is inherent in him, ”said the writer.