When they say that "the stomach has risen", they mean a situation when this organ stops its normal work. Doctors call this situation the term "atony of the stomach." Naturally, against the background of such a problem, a person's condition worsens. And in general, malfunctions in the digestive system are not the norm. Therefore, it is necessary to clearly understand the issue and understand when the body asks for help.
But what such a stop in the activity of one of the main links of the digestive system is fraught with and how to cope with it, not everyone knows. AiF.ru told about the consequences of atony and methods of dealing with it endocrinologist, nutritionist, Ph.D. Svetlana Aleksandrovna Makarova...
Gastric atony is a loss of stomach muscle tone resulting from damage to nerve fibers or general severe asthenia. Such a pathological condition, leading to the cessation of stomach contraction, can manifest itself in different ways: it occurs sharply or more often - it develops gradually.
Why is it happening?
The reasons can be very different, as a result of which the stomach muscles lose their strength and ability to contract. This condition may be associated with a violation of the nervous innervation of the stomach during surgery, injuries, diseases of the nervous system, stomach or intestines, various muscular dystrophic conditions, severe infections, depletion of the body with alimentary dystrophy.
Also, the cause may be psychosomatic disorders against the background of neurasthenia or depression. Such attacks also appear in women during pregnancy and after childbirth. Obesity and a sedentary lifestyle increase the risk of this condition. Therefore, atony is often found in people with compulsive hyperphagia (excessive food intake), diabetes mellitus, mental patients with polyphagia (eating disorder with increased appetite or even gluttony). With decompensated diabetes mellitus, there may be a complication in the form of diabetic atony of the stomach.
How to recognize?
Due to a violation of the digestion of food, its stagnation and decay, various unpleasant symptoms are noted:
- lack of appetite;
- frequent nausea;
- vomiting with impurities of undigested food;
- belching rotten;
- bad breath.
Feeling of heaviness, bloating and distension in the stomach area after a little food and water are also signs of a problem. This condition does not go away during the day. The person notes general weakness, malaise, dizziness, palpitations, rapid pulse, tachycardia, anxiety, anxiety, pallor of the skin and cold sweat.
If this condition continues for a long time, then the violation of the processes of digestion and assimilation of nutrients leads to a decrease in body weight and to a deficiency of proteins, vitamins and minerals.
Who is at risk?
Heredity or congenital anatomical changes in the shape and size of the stomach can affect the functioning and peristalsis of the organ. Asthenic physique of a person, flabby or stretched muscles of the anterior abdominal wall can be predisposing factors. So if characteristic signals appear in this risk group, do not delay the visit to the doctor.
Consultation and dynamic observation of different specialists is necessary - a gastroenterologist, a nutritionist, a psychotherapist.
Treatment should be comprehensive, including medications, as well as proper nutrition, herbal medicine (infusions of dandelion, ginseng, chamomile, rose hips) and diet therapy, lifestyle changes, physiotherapy exercises and correction of concomitant diseases. The main principle in nutrition is to eat in small portions and in small portions. With such a pathological condition, a daily diet is selected with a nutritionist and gastroenterologist.
It is recommended to completely exclude alcohol, chocolate, coffee, fresh vegetables, fried, smoked, salted and marinades. And also fatty foods, especially cakes and pastries.
Therapeutic measures are aimed at eliminating nausea and vomiting, enhancing motility and peristalsis of the stomach, restoring proteins, trace elements and vitamins in the body.
It is important to incorporate regular exercises to strengthen your abdominal and abdominal muscles in your lifestyle. It is worth learning how to do the "vacuum" exercise in the morning: pull your stomach in strongly and hold your breath for 15 seconds, 10-12 times.
What complications can develop against this background? A variety of diseases of the entire gastrointestinal tract: gastritis, gastroduodenitis, colitis, as well as dysbacteriosis, hypovitaminosis, deficiencies of food components. Atony of the stomach can lead to a sharp decrease in body weight to a general depletion of the body. There may be changes on the part of the stomach: depletion of the walls, rupture during its overstretching, impaired blood circulation of the organ.
An active and healthy lifestyle: including physical exercises that affect the strengthening of the general muscle tone, especially the muscles of the anterior abdominal wall and the press, a contrast shower, walking before bedtime, sleeping for at least 7 hours, positive emotions. All this will be an excellent prevention of the development of such a condition.
There should be dynamic observation by a specialist, and sanatorium treatment is indicated.
There are contraindications, you need to consult a doctor