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Aug 7, 2022
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The Rolling Stones – history, facts, photos

rolling stones (The Rolling Stones; lit. from English “rolling stones”, idiomatic translation – “free wanderers” or tramps) is a British rock band founded in 1962 and for many years competing in popularity with The Beatles. The Rolling Stones are considered one of the most influential and successful rock bands in history.

The Rolling Stones have recorded 23 studio and 8 live albums in the UK; 21 singles entered the TOP 10 of the UK Singles Chart, 8 of them became the leader of the charts. The group’s respective numbers on the Billboard Hot 100 are 28 and 8.

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The total circulation of The Rolling Stones albums exceeds 250 million copies. In 2004, the musicians were in 4th place in the ranking of “The 50 Greatest Artists of All Time” according to Rolling Stone magazine.


History of the Rolling Stones

The history of the emergence of “The Rolling Stones” began with the acquaintance of Mick Jagger and Keith Richards at the school of Dartford. For several years, the young men did not communicate until they met by chance at the station.

A long conversation ensued between the young people, during which it turned out that they were united by common musical preferences. Both guys were fond of the less popular blues, although in that era young people mostly listened to rock and roll.

It soon became clear that they had a mutual friend named Dick Taylor. After getting together, the musicians decided to form a band, calling it “Little Boy Blue and the Blue Boys”. At the same time, Mick and Keith visited the Ealing club, where they saw the performance of Brian Jones, who would become the founder and guitarist of the Rolling Stones in the future.

Brian set out to create a rock band, as a result of which he began to look for suitable musicians through ads. The first member of the newly formed band was keyboardist Ian Stewart, with whom Jones began to rehearse.

One day Jagger and Richards visited their rehearsal and wanted to join the band. In July 1962, the musicians had the lucky opportunity to perform on the stage of the Marquee Club. It was then that the guys first took to the stage under the name “The Rolling Stones”.

After that, Dick Taylor left the band, and Bill Wyman took his place. Also joining the musicians was Tony Chapman, who was later replaced by Charlie Watts.


Music

By the beginning of 1963, the Rolling Stones had already formed, as a result of which the group began to actively perform on the stage of the Crawdaddy club. Soon, Andrew Luga Oldham drew attention to the guys. He took the procession over the musicians, creating a “dirty and defiant” image for them – as opposed to the “neat and intelligent” The Beatles.

Oldham insisted that Ian Stewart leave the band. And yet, the keyboardist continued to cooperate with the musicians, having received the position of chief tour manager. He also periodically went on stage with them, until his death in 1985 from a heart attack.

Starting a partnership with Decca Records, The Rolling Stones released their debut single “Come On”, which peaked at number 21 in the UK. After that, the guys presented such hits as “I Wanna Be Your Man” and “Not Fade Away”.

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At that time, the team had already received scandalous fame, which the producer was so eager for. The musicians behaved provocatively both in life and on stage. In the spring of 1964, the group released their first album, The Rolling Stones, and went on tour throughout the US.

At Rolling Stones concerts, fans drove themselves to hysteria, which sometimes led to disastrous consequences. There is a known case when, during one of the performances in the Winter Gardens Blackpool hall, the audience began to destroy the scenery, musical instruments and lighting fixtures.

After the brawl, the hall looked more like a battlefield than a concert venue. It is worth noting that due to the massacre, more than 50 fans had to receive medical assistance in one of the local hospitals. However, despite such consequences, the popularity of the British increased exponentially every year.

Around the same time, The Rolling Stones refused to cover other people’s hits, deciding to perform and record exclusively their compositions. This marked the beginning of the hit cycle created by Mick Jagger and Keith Richards.


At the same time, the artists began to move away from the blues trends, experimenting with different musical directions and resorting to new techniques. Mick, Keith, and Brian were later convicted of drug use, which led to their arrest.

After litigation, the rockers were sentenced to probation. In 1968, the members of the Rolling Stones stopped working with Oldham, which was replaced by Alain Klein. At that time, their music corresponded to all the “canons” of classic rock and roll.

At the end of the same year, the album “Beggars Banquet” was released, which critics called “a masterpiece”. By that time, Brian Jones was seriously “addicted” to drugs, which is why he did not actually take part in the creative development of the group. Brian was found dead on July 3, 1969 in his own pool.

Even before Jones’ tragic death, The Rolling Stones had added a new guitarist, Mick Taylor. In 1970, a creative crisis began in the team. Jagger became interested in parties and filming, and Richards was seriously addicted to drugs.

Nevertheless, the musicians recorded a new disc, Goats Head Soup, which was a resounding success. A couple of years later, a documentary was filmed about the legendary Rolling Stones, but its viewing was banned due to the presence of erotic scenes.

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After recording disc 12, Taylor decided to leave the band, so Ron Wood took his place. In 1977, another unpleasant incident occurred in the biography of Keith Richards. He was detained by police for possession of heroin and received a year of probation.

When Keith completed a full course of rehabilitation, The Rolling Stones got together and got back to work. The result of their labors was the release of the album “Some Girls”, in which notes of punk and disco were traced. It was followed by the records “Emotional Rescue” and “Tattoo You”.

At the same time, creative differences began to occur more and more often between Mick and Keith. Jagger strove to bring modern fashion trends into the music, while Richards remained an adherent of the established canons of the Rolling Stones, since this is what fans loved them for.

Due to disagreements and mutual misunderstanding, the group’s next 2 discs were not commercially successful. Later, the affairs of the musicians went on the mend. For the disc “Voodoo Lounge” the British were awarded the first “Grammy” for the best rock album.

In the mid-1990s, The Rolling Stones set an absolute record for the most profitable tour in world history. During 62 show programs, the musicians earned more than $400 million!

In subsequent years, the Rolling Stones continued to actively release new discs and tour various countries. An interesting fact is that in 2008 the team became the leader in the ranking of the highest paid artists and groups in the world for private performances. In 2016, the British presented a disc of cover versions – “Blue and Lonesome”.

The Rolling Stones today

In the summer of 2017, it was reported that The Rolling Stones were working on their first album in 12 years. After that, the musicians went on a European tour. In early 2019, Mick Jagger underwent a successful heart valve replacement surgery, so the band had to take a creative break until June.

In the spring of 2020, all concert tours of the Rolling Stones had to be canceled due to the coronavirus pandemic. As a result, the British have given a number of online concerts, as have many of their peers. The group has official accounts on Instagram and YouTube, which are followed by millions of people.

Photo by The Rolling Stones

kit-richards-i-mik-jagger
Keith Richards and Mick Jagger
keyboardist ian stewart
Keyboardist Ian Stewart
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Brian Jones
guitarist Ronnie Wood
Guitarist Ronnie Wood
guitarist mic taylor
Guitarist Mick Taylor

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