September 12 is World First Aid Day, established with the aim of informing people about the rules, the knowledge of which will save someone's life. Specially for the readers of MedPortal, the head of the X-ray surgery department of the 52nd City Clinical Hospital Alexander Vanyukov spoke in detail about how to act if a person is lying unconscious, and what should not be done under any circumstances.
So, you saw a person lying on the ground who, at first glance, does not show signs of life. What actions will be correct, and what can harm both you and the victim?
Make sure you are not in danger
Unfortunately, it is far from always possible to help the victim. For example, it lies on a highway with heavy traffic. When in doubt, don't put your life in danger.
Check if the person really needs medical attention
A person lying on the lawn may just be drunk and this is his usual way of spending his leisure time. Walk up to him, call out, pat vigorously on the shoulder. If he is in a state of alcoholic intoxication and his life is out of danger, you will understand this by his reaction. Just leave him alone.
But if a person does not respond to external stimuli, his pupil is dilated and, as it seems to you, there is no breathing, it's time to act.
Check the pulse on the carotid artery
How do I find her? There is a muscle on the neck that runs from the corner of the lower jaw downward, and the carotid artery runs along its front edge. It is necessary to put four fingers to this place and if you feel confident shocks, then there is a pulse. This is a rather large artery, it is impossible to be mistaken.
Ask passers-by to call an ambulance or do it yourself
If you are not in the wasteland alone with the victim, people will probably gather around you. Ask to call an ambulance for a specific person and be sure to ask again if he did it. If this is necessary (for example, everything happens in the subway), send him to meet the doctors.
When there is no one around, call an ambulance yourself and be sure to periodically call the dispatcher.
Let's remind: the general emergency telephone number is 112, ambulance - 103.
Start doing chest compressions
Place the base of one palm in the middle of the victim's chest. After that, both hands must be taken either in the "lock" or crosswise. But not with bent fingers!
Start energetically and with effort to make amplitude pressing movements, at least 40 clicks per minute. Do not be afraid to act harshly and even rudely, as your task is to "push" blood circulation.
If possible, ask others to help you.
If you are not alone and there are people nearby, ask someone specific (as we remember, unaddressed calls work poorly) to replace you in 10 minutes. Give him clear directions on how to massage your heart. When you are confident in your abilities again, change it after ten minutes or allow the opportunity to continue.
Check your pulse and breathing every 2-3 minutes
Remember that people never come to their senses after cardiac arrest like in the movies: with a sharp breath and bulging eyes. If your actions have had an effect, the skin turns slightly pink, the victim begins to breathe. In this case, you need to turn him on his side, bending one leg, in case he starts to feel sick.
Remember, the life of another person depends on your correct actions.