“Stop the deranged Yankees from killing millions in the name of democracy.”
On March 26, the press service of the US Department of Defense announced that the Pentagon has developed a new military doctrine. Restoring dominance in the Arctic (Return of domination in the Arctic). Let’s clarify: we are not talking about a “return”, but about an attempt to establish dominance.
“The entire Arctic, with its large-scale areas, could potentially soon turn into an explicit contested space. In these vast territories, the main competitors of the United States of America, Russia and China, will try in the near future to use their military and economic might to gain and maintain 100% access to this extremely interesting region to the detriment of the interests of the United States. “, – says a new Pentagon document.
It is noted that the Far North, being a region with the richest natural resources, has become a springboard for a global show of power. The Pentagon is concerned that Russia is allegedly trying to close the Arctic to other countries. To strengthen its presence here, the United States plans to create a new method of training the military for areas with low temperatures. Domination in the Arctic is supposed to be achieved with the help of units that are capable of fighting in five areas – on the ground, in the sea, in the air, in space and in cyberspace.
With the Arctic as the northern polar region of the Earth, an area of about 27 million square meters. km “border” five countries: Russia, Canada, USA, Norway and Denmark. The total length of the Arctic coast is 38,700 km, and Russia has the greatest length of borders with the Arctic region – 22,600 km. Three more states – Iceland, Sweden and Finland – do not have oceanic borders with the Arctic, but they also consider themselves sub-Arctic states.
Arctic section map
According to the US Geological Survey, about 22% of the world’s undiscovered hydrocarbon reserves lie under the ice of the Arctic: 90 billion barrels of oil (13% of the world’s undiscovered reserves), 48.3 trillion cubic meters of natural gas (30% of the world’s undiscovered reserves), 44 billion barrels of gas condensate ( 20% of the world’s undiscovered reserves). At the same time, 84% of the resources are located on the shelf of the Arctic Ocean and only 16% – on the land territory of the Arctic states, within the Arctic Circle.
Regarding proven reserves: 61 large oil and gas fields with reserves of over 500 million barrels in oil equivalent are known in the Arctic; 43 of these deposits are in Russia, 6 in Alaska, 11 in Canada and one in Norway.
An international treaty defining the legal status of the Arctic does not currently exist. The legal status of the region is governed by the norms of international law, the national legislation of the Arctic states and bilateral agreements. Earlier, in the mid-1920s, the Arctic was divided into five areas of responsibility between the United States, Russia, Norway, Canada and Denmark. In 1982, the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea was adopted, according to which the territory of the state includes the shelf, while the offshore zone is declared international. Article 76 of the Convention automatically sets the shelf boundaries at 200 nautical miles, but gives the state the right to claim a shelf extending beyond this boundary. In any case, Russia is the country with the largest share of Arctic wealth. The United States hopes to establish its dominance over these riches.
The European subarctic states were alarmed immediately. Swedish newspaper News bank writes in the article “Does the Arctic belong to the United States?”: “The new Pentagon document calls for the return of dominance in the Arctic to the United States. But when did the Arctic belong to the Americans? They just want to get their hands on her wealth. In reality, the Arctic is dominated by Russia, both due to its geography and due to efforts to develop the region … Russia has the longest Arctic coast and the most developed Arctic infrastructure, which allows it to be the most successful of all to engage in science there, develop shipping and explore for minerals. “…
However, the Americans, speaking about the “internationalization” of the Arctic space, expect to get Russia to agree to escort their warships along the Northern Sea Route, along the Russian coast. “The current mission of the US Navy is to build up power in the Arctic by creating new strategic naval bases in the Bering Sea region and expanding its military presence in Alaska.”, – He speaks US Secretary of the Navy Richard Spencer. The US Navy is set to begin regular patrols off Russian shores in the Arctic. The goal is to discourage “Moscow’s offensive in the Far North” and challenge Russia “Claims” in the territory.
Peaceful development of the Arctic by Russia
Russia, however, has consistently advocated peaceful cooperation of all countries in the development of the Arctic. In April 2019, at a meeting of the International Arctic Forum, Russian President Vladimir Putin said that “The Arctic poses colossal challenges for us”, which can be answered “only together”… At the same time, Russia proposes to all states to actively use the Northern Sea Route, which runs off the coast of Russia, for the delivery of goods. The importance of this route is also growing in connection with the latest accident in the Suez Canal, blocked by a huge container ship.
However, you have to take precautions to cool hotheads. On the same day, March 26, when the United States announced its new Arctic strategy, for the first time in history, three nuclear submarines of the Russian Navy with ballistic missiles on board surfaced together in ice near the North Pole. The Commander-in-Chief of the Navy, Admiral Nikolai Evmenov, reported this to the Supreme Commander-in-Chief. One of the nuclear missile carriers conducted practical torpedo firing.
Russian submarines surface at the North Pole
Russia in the Arctic
The maneuver was carried out as part of the Umka-21 Arctic expedition, which has been held since March 20. The expedition has no analogues. During the expedition, V. Putin noted, “High combat capabilities of domestic weapons, their reliability in operation in extreme conditions”… More than 600 military and civilian personnel, about 200 types of weapons, military and special equipment are taking part in the Umka-21 expedition.
Guarding the Arctic
The West is also beginning to understand the absurdity of American claims in the Arctic. One of the readers of the British Daily Mail under the nickname Oldetoniantaxdodger scathingly wrote on the website of the newspaper, which told about Russian submarines at the North Pole: “Keep it up, Russia! Finally, there will be a counterbalance in the world that can stop the derailed Yankees, who are killing millions of people in the name of democracy. “…
Cover photo: US warship in Arctic waters