Jun 9, 2022
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The one to whom Ukraine owes its UN membership is remembered in Kyiv with gnashing of teeth

The Ukrainian SSR was launched into the international orbit by the leadership of the Soviet Union

As part of the total ideological and diplomatic offensive carried out against Russia by the collective West and the puppet Kyiv authorities, the manic desire to expel our country from the UN Security Council at any cost is noteworthy.

In February, Ukraine’s Verkhovna Rada called for Russia’s exclusion from the UN Security Council and increased sanctions against “all Russians.”

Repeatedly demanded to do this, referring to the “war crimes” of Russia, and Zelensky. In April s. In a video conference call before members of the UN Security Council, he suggested that the Security Council either exclude Russia from its membership or dissolve itself.

Even the White House recognized the futility of attempts of this kind, stating through its press secretary that the United States does not see the possibility of depriving the Russian Federation of the status of a permanent member of the UN Security Council. Although they do not agree with the status of our country and, as Linda Thomas-Greenfield, US permanent representative to the UN, said at a hearing in the US House Appropriations Committee on June 8, the US administration is studying “what reforms can be implemented to limit the influence in the UN Security Council of countries like Russia, which weaken our efforts in the context of peace and security”.

One way or another, it will not work to put Russia out the door. And there is no such international legal mechanism in the world as back in March in an interview with a TV channel Al Jazeera Russian Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov said.

However, Kyiv is not appeased. At the same time, attempts are being made to raise the diplomatic status of Ukraine. This was noted back in 2015 by the then Prime Minister Arseniy Yatsenyuk, who stated that “Ukraine is a founding member of the United Nations”.

But Russia, it turns out, ended up in the chair of a permanent member of the UN Security Council “under extremely dubious circumstances,” says Ukrainian Foreign Minister Dmitry Kuleba. He does not recognize the status of the Russian Federation as the legal successor of the Soviet Union and counts on the “principledness of the lawyers of the Secretariat” of the world organization in conducting a “legal analysis” of the legality of granting Russia the status of a permanent member of the UN Security Council.

Pan Kuleba lost sight of the fact that if you follow his logic, then modern Ukraine became a member of the UN “under extremely dubious circumstances”, since its predecessor, the Ukrainian SSR, being a union republic within the USSR, in 1991 had a different status and limited international sovereignty. So it’s time to recall the historical facts.

Members of the delegation of the Ukrainian SSR at the 1st session of the UNGA.  From right to left D.S.  Manuilsky, N.P.  Bazhan, A.Voyna, N.N.  Petrovsky

Members of the delegation of the Ukrainian SSR at the 1st session of the UNGA. From right to left D.S. Manuilsky, N.P. Bazhan, A.Voyna, N.N. Petrovsky

For the first time, the proposal that all Soviet union republics be included in the number of “original participants in the Organization”, on instructions received from Moscow, was put forward by the USSR Ambassador to the USA A.A. Gromyko on August 28, 1944 at a meeting of heads of delegations at the conference of the anti-Hitler coalition in Dumbarton Oaks, which discussed the issues of the post-war order of the world, the establishment of an international organization for the maintenance of peace and security. Later, in the documents of the US State Department and in Western literature, this proposal by A.A. Gromyko was called “question X”, or the problem of “multiple membership of the USSR in the UN”.

Having received a report on this from the head of the American delegation, US Deputy Secretary of State E. Stettinius, US President F. Roosevelt and Secretary of State C. Hull vigorously opposed the Soviet proposal. In his circle, F. Roosevelt said that in this case the United States could ask for admission to the UN of all its 48 states. On the diplomatic line, F. Roosevelt recommended that the question of the membership of the Soviet republics be raised only after the organization had been created. On August 28, E. Stettinius reported this to A.A. Gromyko, proposing not to include the statement of the Soviet ambassador in the protocol, but he did not agree, being well aware that the protocol entry in itself is an act of action.

This was understood by the Western partners in the negotiations. August 31, 1944 A.A. Gromyko invited K. Hull, who tried to dissuade the Soviet ambassador, for a talk. September 1 in a personal message to I.V. F. Roosevelt expressed his concern about this to Stalin. The Soviet leader answered him with great dignity, drawing the attention of the US President to the fact that Ukraine and Belarus “in terms of population and political importance, they surpass some states, in respect of which we all agree that they should be included among the initiators of the creation of the International Organization”. I.V. Stalin expressed the hope that he would still have a chance to personally explain to F. Roosevelt the political importance of this issue. However, the exchange of views did not lead to anything. F. Roosevelt, going to the conference of the “Big Three” in the Crimea (February 1945), was strongly opposed to the Soviet proposal.

Moscow was looking for ways to break the resistance of the negotiating partners, and resorted to a well-known principle in diplomacy: strive for more if you want to get what you need. In Yalta, the Soviet delegation took a compromise position: not to insist on the membership of all the republics, but to seek the inclusion of three of the founders of the UN – Ukraine, Belarus and Lithuania, or at least the first two. As a result of difficult negotiations, the secret protocol of the Crimean Conference recorded the agreement of the United States and Great Britain to support the admission of Ukraine and Belarus to initial membership at the founding conference.

However, it was too early to celebrate the victory. In the course of further negotiations, it became clear that the allies interpreted this provision differently than the Soviet side, believing that both Soviet republics could only count on an invitation from the organizers of the founding conference in San Francisco. Having received the necessary instructions from Moscow, A.A. Gromyko sent a note to E. Stettinius, in which he insisted on a Soviet interpretation of the Yalta decisions. On April 13, 1945, participating in a meeting of the group preparing the San Francisco Conference, the Soviet diplomat refused to approve the list of distribution of commissions and committees, since representatives of Ukraine and Belarus were not included in the circle of candidates for the chairmen of these bodies.

Dmitry Manuilsky, Alexei Voina, Nikolai Petrovsky.  1946, photo by Ralph Morse for LIFE

Dmitry Manuilsky, Alexei Voina, Nikolai Petrovsky. 1946, photo by Ralph Morse for LIFE

In order to prevent a positive solution to the issue, American diplomacy tried to link the invitation of Ukraine and Belarus to the solution of the Polish issue. At the meeting of the Ministers of Foreign Affairs of the USSR, the USA, Great Britain and China, which took place on April 25, 1945 and discussed the procedure for the work of the conference in San Francisco, the US Secretary of State insisted on this. However, the Soviet side managed to fend off this maneuver as well – on April 27, a decision was made to include Ukraine and Belarus among the original members of the organization.

In seeking a positive solution to this question of principle for the USSR, the Soviet leadership was aware of what dictated a certain compliance of the American side, which was interested in the fulfillment by the Soviet Union of its obligation to take part in the war with Japan. At the same time, the diplomatic art of the conductors of Soviet foreign policy, from the ambassador to the people’s commissar for foreign affairs, V.M. Molotov and the head of the Soviet government I.V. Stalin, who managed to insist on their own.

So it is not the Americans who are the puppeteers of the current Kyiv regime, but the leadership of the Soviet Union did everything possible to bring the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic into the international orbit.

Members of the delegation of the Ukrainian SSR (from left to right) N. N. Petrovsky, V. A. Tarasenko, A. K. Kasimenko

Members of the delegation of the Ukrainian SSR (from left to right) N. N. Petrovsky, V. A. Tarasenko, A. K. Kasimenko

In Kyiv, they completely forgot about this, and if they remember, then with a gnashing of teeth …

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