An easy and inexpensive way to add freshness and texture to your interior is to purchase large-leaved plants.
Popular large plants
These plants are loved for their juicy foliage, tall stems, lush crowns and unpretentious care. The most popular indoor plants whose height varies from 1.5 to 3 m.
- ficus. It is one of the most common indoor plants. It has large leathery leaves with wavy edges and embossed veins. With its appearance, it “revives” the interior. On average, it grows by 20 cm per year. Indoors, on average, the height reaches 2–3 m. Ficus care includes: regular watering and spraying, wiping with a damp cloth from dirt. Ficus – has been a favorite among “green pets” since the domestication of plants.
- Palm tree. It has large pinnate leaves that grow quickly along with a strong stem. It can grow up to 5 meters in the house. Palm trees do not like direct sunlight despite the fact that they come from tropical regions. The plant is best placed in a slightly shaded area, not near a south-facing window.
- Conifers. Indoor, unlike wild ones, do not grow more than 2-3 meters, and the needles are soft and fluffy, so it is difficult to prick on it. They sometimes replace spruces on New Year’s Eve. From excessive heat and dryness, the plant loses its thorns. In winter, you need to water infrequently and keep away from heating appliances. If a comfortable temperature cannot be ensured, the plant should be watered regularly.
- indoor bananas. The fruits of domestic species are usually not edible. However, their long fleshy green leaves with a characteristic sheen are a feast for the eyes. With proper care, the top of the stem can produce unusual, vibrant flowers. For comfortable growth, bananas need greenhouse conditions: strong diffused light, high humidity of more than 70% and enough space for free growth. It is also important to spray the tree with water every other day and wipe the leaves with a damp cloth once a week.
- Citrus. A characteristic feature of citrus fruits is glossy foliage, snow-white, fragrant flowers and bright, vitamin-rich fruits. With a little patience, you can grow attractive trees up to 1.5 meters tall. All you need is regular watering and occasional pruning of the tree to maintain a lush canopy. Mineral fertilizers, artificial pollination, humidity and temperature not lower than +18/20ºC are necessary for the formation of flowers and fruits.
- Sansevieria. Also known as “mother-in-law’s tongue”, “snake leg” and “pike tail”. It is easily recognizable by its long, upturned leaves with yellow margins and white spots. The maximum height in captivity is 1.5 meters. Sansevieria is a representative of a hardy and unpretentious nature. It easily tolerates drought. However, the plant is very sun-loving. Sansevieria should be watered every 2 weeks, in the summer it is additionally worth fertilizing the plant.
- Philodendron. Most species are climbing vines with persistent aerial roots that anchor plants at a height of 1.5 m, and sometimes 3 meters. The color of the leaves varies from dark green to reddish brown. The plant should be handled with gloves, as it contains a liquid that is harmful to the veins, burns the skin and can cause allergies. The plant prefers a tropical climate – sun, heat and high humidity. Philodendron is not whimsical, but regular watering and spraying is recommended.
- Scheffler. Sometimes referred to as “pygmy umbel” because of the unique structure of the leaves, which split into 4–12 lamellae on a single plant. Thanks to the thin stems, sheffler can be planted several pieces in one pot. If there is only one flower, it will grow up to 2.5 meters, clinging to a pole placed under it. Schefflera is relatively easy to breed. She prefers warmth and humidity. It grows well in partial shade at a temperature of +20/25 °C in summer and +18/20 °C in winter. Water the plant 2-3 times a week.
- Zamioculcas. With good care, the “dollar tree” will grow up to 1 meter. It is a favorite decoration of modern and minimalist spaces. As it grows, its thick, succulent leaves take on a characteristic sheen, giving the impression of folded branches. Zamioculcas can be left for a long time without light, water and nutrients. However, this will stop its already slow growth. Plant care is minimal, weekly watering and regular dusting are enough. The best location is in front of a window facing south or southeast.
- Hibiscus. Previously, this plant was often used to decorate the foyer of government offices. With good care, it produces attractive, delicate, large flowers. Hibiscus has tree-like voluminous intertwining stems – making it a shrub up to 3 meters high. The plant needs to be watered regularly, otherwise the leaves will begin to fall off. Ideally, the plant should be planted in a well-ventilated area, southeast or west of a window.
- Oil. The plant has a narrow, densely spreading canopy of leaves, as well as healthy fruits. When grown as an ornamental, the olive will never have a trunk over 2 meters high. Its leaves can be easily cut. Olive trees are easy to care for. In order for the olive to bear fruit, it is worth helping it with pollination by transferring pollen with cotton swabs.
Advantages and disadvantages of large houseplants
The popularity of large indoor plants is justified in terms of aesthetics and a healthy atmosphere in the home. With their help, you can:
- Make most of the room green.
- Fill in empty spaces.
- Highlight interior details.
- Zoning rooms.
- Hide furniture flaws.
However, large indoor plants have some disadvantages that you should be aware of before choosing:
- They are not suitable for small rooms with low ceilings and can eat up valuable space.
- Easily accessible to small children and pets, which can damage the plant.
- Indoor plants with large leaves can interfere with free movement around the house.
- Plants with a large crown should not be placed in children’s rooms or bedrooms, as they absorb more oxygen at night and may impair the quality of sleep.