The document was released under the title “Memo for citizens on actions in case of asymptomatic or mild course of a new coronavirus infection and acute respiratory viral infection.” It gives detailed instructions on how to act if you get sick with coronavirus, but at the same time you feel fine: how to self-isolate, how to be treated, when to call a doctor and whether you need to immediately drink antibiotics.
Official recommendations are given for the following groups of citizens:
for vaccinated or recovered patients who are not at risk;
for vaccinated or recovered from the risk group;
for unvaccinated and not recovered;
For example, for those who have been vaccinated or who are not at risk, the advice is as follows:
• Stay home;
• If you need to open a certificate of incapacity for work or a student’s certificate, call the unified service “122” or the call center of your clinic. A certificate of incapacity for work and a certificate will be issued.
• If you do not live alone in an apartment/house, isolate yourself in a separate room if possible, avoid close contact with household members, wear a mask when leaving the room. Masks or respirators must be worn by all household members.
• Ventilate the premises (regularly, once every 3 hours).
• Follow the drinking regimen (at least 2 liters per day at elevated body temperature).
• Measure body temperature at least 3 times a day.
• If possible, measure the level of saturation with a pulse oximeter (blood oxygen saturation) 2 times a day (normal values are not lower than 95-96%).
• It is possible to use antiviral drugs, drops or spray in the nose (for example, containing interferon-alpha), pregnant women only on prescription.
• With a runny nose and nasal congestion, you can use saline solutions, including those based on sea water.
• For sore throats, topical gargles, lozenges, and sprays can be used. These drugs are dispensed without a doctor’s prescription.
• When the temperature rises to 38.00 C and above, you can take antipyretic drugs.
• You can also take vitamin C and vitamin D supplements as directed. *Drugs are used in accordance with the instructions, in the absence of contraindications to their use.
When the condition worsens:
• If your temperature rises above 38.00 C and persists for more than 2 days, despite taking antipyretic drugs, you need to call the call center of your polyclinic, or the unified service “122” for a remote consultation with a medical worker;
• If you have shortness of breath, a feeling of lack of air, pain behind the sternum, you find it difficult to breathe and / or the level of saturation is less than 94-95%, and / or rapid breathing, then you need to call the unified service “103” to call an ambulance.
The authors of the memo warn that don’t take antibiotics on your own – they are appointed only by medical professionals and only if there is evidence.