Oct 16, 2020
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The imposition of distance education and health problems

The coronavirus continues to spread across Siberia, which brings with it not only medical problems, but also social ones. Thus, the topic of distance education has become very popular among officials, which supposedly "saves" schoolchildren from a terrible infection.

According to Rospotrebnadzor in the Kemerovo Region, as of October 9, nine educational institutions have completely switched to distance education in the region. Among them is one of the main universities in the region - Kuzbass State Technical University (KuzGTU) named after T.F. Gorbacheva. In another 47 educational organizations, distance learning was partially introduced.

At the same time, 105 educational institutions have returned to normal operation since the beginning of the academic year. This number includes kindergartens, schools, universities, and other educational organizations.

Note that both the regional department of Rospotrebnadzor and the governor of Kuzbass Sergei Tsivilev state that the situation with the spread of coronavirus is under control, targeted measures are working well. The regional authorities have no plans to transfer to distance education in large numbers, or to increase the duration of the autumn holidays for schoolchildren.

According to the Governor of the Tomsk Region, Sergei Zhvachkin, the incidence of COVID-19 in children in the region's schools is decreasing - in September, only 115 students were diagnosed with the disease. A month after the start of classes, quarantine was in effect in 22 classes of the region, and another 19 classes switched to distance education.

Last week, 145 school classes were transferred to distance education in the Novosibirsk region due to the infection of students with coronavirus. On October 9, the mayor of Novosibirsk, Anatoly Lokot, announced that 60 classes in the city were transferred to distance education.

Apparently, the flexible quarantine system consists in transferring not entire schools, but individual classes to remote control systems. After testing for coronavirus and treating the sick, children will be able to return to full-time education in a couple of weeks at best, during which they will study school subjects remotely.

At the same time, Elena Pudova, the chief epidemiologist of the Novosibirsk region, said that the children should go to school at the beginning of the new school year instead of continuing distance learning. She noted that today the epidemiological situation is controlled, and targeted local measures, such as the closure of certain classes for quarantine, are yielding results.

But in Barnaul, the parental community decided not to wait for their children to switch to telecommuting, and she went out to protests. On October 11, the public movement "Essence of Time" together with an initiative group of parents held a picket in the center of Barnaul against distance education.

Parents in the Altai Territory are also worried that the region is a pilot for the implementation of a digital educational environment (DSP) model. Activists at the picket said that officials simply want to carry out another optimization, destroying schools and replacing quality education with low-quality distance learning.

In the Irkutsk region, 11 schools and 429 classes in 80 educational institutions have already been transferred to distance learning. A total of about nine thousand schoolchildren were affected by quarantine measures.

Classes in schools in the Krasnoyarsk Territory continue to be transferred to distance education. Already in 40 schools in Krasnoyarsk, 78 classes have switched to online training. However, this measure is more and more criticized by both parents and the expert community.

So, earlier IA Krasnaya Vesna published an interview with a politician and scientist, professor of the Siberian State Technological University of Science and Technology Vsevolod Sevastyanov. Among other things, the professor criticized the form of distance education as such. In his opinion, this form deprives education of an important component - upbringing.

The professor also noted that only mature adults, those who really want to get an education and understand why they need this or that knowledge, are able to study on distance learning. Such people include, for example, employees who are improving their qualifications. Students and schoolchildren do not have such an understanding, which means that distance education is of little use to them.

In addition, the professor said that distance education is also dangerous because, as a result, quality education may become available only to the elites.

Healthcare system for coronavirus

Doctor on call

Image: Karl Aspelin

The so-called second wave of coronavirus has captured the minds of the authorities and continues to instill fear in citizens. In connection with the recorded increase in the number of infected, the work of the health care system in the Siberian regions is becoming more complicated.

So, in Kuzbass the load on the entire health care system has increased, including on the ambulance crews. During the briefing, the Minister of Health of Kuzbass Mikhail Malin called the five-fold increase in the incidence of ARVI in the region, as well as the fact that many health workers are on sick leave, as the reason for such a workload. According to him, the ambulance service first of all leaves for calls related to life-threatening conditions, and the rest are postponed.

At the same time, not all medical workers are satisfied with compensation for work in the context of a COVID flare-up. So a series of single pickets within the framework of the all-Russian action "Pay for COVID" were carried out by medical workers of Novosibirsk.

According to the chairman of the Novosibirsk branch of the Action union, paramedic of the Central ambulance substation Sergei Komlev, the reason for the protests was the non-payment of the allowances for medical personnel by the Novosibirsk Region Ministry of Health.

At the beginning of the week, news about the queues for computed tomography at the Diagnostic Center of Altai Territory appeared on the Internet. The administration of the medical institution later denied the information as untrue.

There were also reports from Biysk from local residents about large queues for CT. The media write that people, while waiting for their turn, even faint. There was no official response from representatives of medical institutions.

The Ministry of Health of the Altai Territory turned to representatives of private clinics for help. They were asked to pick up some of the emergency calls, remote patient care and work in coronavirus hospitals. Some of the private medical centers have already been deployed and it is planned to deploy more similar hospitals with 200 beds. Also, two new covidariums were opened in the Altai Territory on the basis of Hospital No. 3 and in the Mikhailovskaya Central Regional Hospital.

In addition, the Altai Ministry of Health is looking for ambulance drivers. Since the ambulance cannot cope with the large flow of incoming calls. The Ministry of Health confirmed that the workload on the ambulance service has tripled. According to the minister, the situation in the region is difficult, but controlled.

In the Krasnoyarsk Territory, the growth rate of patients with coronavirus has not changed over the week and is still 0.8%, despite the fact that the number of cases continues to grow slowly. If on October 6, 137 cases of infection were detected, then on October 10, 187 cases were already identified.

A significant event of the week was the closure for disinfection of the adult department of the 24-hour hospital of the Krasnoyarsk Regional Ophthalmological Hospital named after Professor P.G. Makarov, due to the fact that one of the patients was diagnosed with coronavirus. It is planned that the disinfection work will last until the end of October. Also last week, the coronavirus hospital at the FMBA Research and Clinical Center started working again. The hospital is designed to receive 150 patients with mild and asymptomatic disease.

As you can see, the autumn weather sharply increased the burden on the health of citizens, which was reflected in the strengthening of measures against the spread of coronavirus and an increase in the burden on the medical sector. Let's hope that Siberian health is not a myth, and citizens will survive the fall aggravation.

Economic problems in Siberia

Insurance, Economy, Taxes, Debts, Loans

Image: (cc) stevepb

Due to coronavirus restrictions, enterprises of the Kemerovo region have decreased profits, and with it the amount of deductions to the budget from income tax. The regional authorities have already prepared a program to attract additional 15 billion rubles to the budget to compensate for the additional deficit. This was announced by the Governor of the Kemerovo Region Sergei Tsivilev during a press conference.

In the Irkutsk region, the coronavirus pandemic is blamed for the rise in the unemployment rate, which in the first half of 2020 increased 8 times compared to the same period in 2019, that is, from 0.36% to 2.97%. The main reason for the rise in unemployment, according to experts, was the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus pandemic.

And in the Krasnoyarsk Territory, they are looking at the socio-economic development of the region in a positive way in 2021, 2022 and 2023. For the main goods of the regional export - oil, non-ferrous and precious metals - a trend of moderate growth in prices is predicted.

Despite the fact that this year the industrial sector of the economy will end with a decline, in a three-year perspective the situation will recover, and, starting from 2021, industrial production in the region will grow by 1–2% per year. Also, wages in the region will grow by 3.6%, followed by a recovery in retail trade and services.

It should be noted that Novosibirskstat published the average salary in the Siberian region for the period from January to July 2020. Thus, the largest average wage was recorded in the Krasnoyarsk Territory and amounted to 52,807 rubles. The second place in terms of average wages is occupied by the Irkutsk Region (48,605 rubles), followed by the Tomsk Region - 46,839 rubles. The last place is occupied by the Altai Territory, where the average pay did not exceed 30 thousand rubles and amounted to 28 797 rubles.

Elena Zaitseva Denis Romanov Alexey Larichkin

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