Starting this year, parents can influence the change in the grading system in a number of subjects. It also becomes possible to abandon the five-point scale in favor of the pass-fail system. What subjects are we talking about, what are the advantages and disadvantages of such changes, and who will they affect?
On Saturday, during the All-Russian Parents’ Meeting, the leadership of the Ministry of Education was asked about the grades in fine arts (fine arts), physical education and music, which are tied to a five-point scale. In particular, officials were asked why these subjects cannot be made optional, since not everyone is given good drawing, singing and meeting the standards, RIA Novosti reports.
“All subjects are important, including those subjects that you mentioned: labor, art, music, physical education. Despite the fact that these subjects are not in the final certification, they provide opportunities for the comprehensive development of schoolchildren. The harmonious all-round development of the individual is indicated in one of the national development goals of the country. Therefore, to be honest, I do not consider it necessary to include them in an optional course, we have them in the schedule, ”explained Minister Sergei Kravtsov.
At the same time, it is worth paying attention to modern approaches to teaching these disciplines and making the lessons more interesting and “lively”. “Rosobrnadzor once conducted such studies to assess the quality of education in these subjects. There were many proposals for improvement, including physical education, ”the minister said.
In turn, Deputy Minister of Education of the Russian Federation Anastasia Zyryanova noted that on January 1, 2021, a new procedure for filling out certificates came into force, and now, for fine arts, music and physical culture, an assessment can be given not according to a five-point system, but based on the “pass-fail” system. According to her, the decision on which system to assess is within the competence of the educational organization – that is, a specific school. However, these subjects still remain in the basic curriculum and are not included in the elective.
Discussion about the cancellation of assessments or reduction of their number has been going on for several years, especially on the eve of September 1. “I’ll honestly tell you one of the main things that I learned from school: I hate the assessment process, I hate exams. This is a disaster … We are graduating people with disabilities from school, so that they will be assessed throughout their lives … One of my personal goals is to kill exams, “admitted in 2019 the head of Sberbank, German Gref.
“We have no grades in the first grade, and it seems to me that kids should not have grades,” ex-minister Olga Vasilyeva said in 2018. At the same time, she stressed that for middle and high school, the grading system should be preserved, since “they clearly show the objective level of knowledge of a particular student.” But already from 2021, schoolchildren are expected to relax in at least three subjects.
“From the point of view of my experience, which is 53 years of work experience, I can say that“ pass-fail ”is a great idea. Not every child can draw and sing wonderfully. This is true. For example, I always suffered from the fact that I could not sing. And I only had a low score for music. Therefore, it seems to me, this is a sensible idea, because it is not worth making music or drawing for the sake of evaluation, ”says Nadezhda Braginskaya, chairman of the Moscow Council of Veterans of Pedagogical Work.
“But the issue of optional subjects has pitfalls. If art, music and physical education are not mandatory, after some time they can be transferred to a paid basis. Secondly, there is a risk that the child will not receive any important information for himself in the field of culture and sports, ”adds the interlocutor.
“At the same time, singing lessons can be replaced by listening and studying classical music, and physical education should remain a compulsory subject with an assessment. The child must be physically developed, ”the teacher is sure.
“Therefore, if the school leaving certificate contains“ pass-fail ”, this is normal. But it is desirable to preserve the compulsory attendance of these lessons for the all-round development of the child. This is especially true for children from disadvantaged families who do not have the opportunity to develop outside of school. In addition, you can try to introduce a related system and give the child a choice: if he is confident in his abilities and wants to pass the subject for assessment, he should have such an opportunity, ”Braginskaya emphasized.
Meanwhile, Vsevolod Lukhovitsky, co-chairman of the Uchitel interregional trade union of education workers, believes that schools should themselves determine the procedure for assessing progress, because each team has its own ideal system for organizing the educational process.
“There are institutions where if the children are not given grades, the parents will simply destroy the school,
shouting that their children are not being prepared for the exam. And it doesn’t matter what class the child is in. And there are schools where parents, on the contrary, urge to abandon grades. Therefore, everything here depends on which school we are talking about, what mission it has and what is the meaning of the teachers’ work, ”the source added.
“In addition, it is well known that there is no direct connection between physical education lessons and the actual physical development of a child. Also, it cannot be said that a child, having a deuce in music due to some disciplines, is necessarily musically illiterate. There is no such dependence, ”Lukhovitsky said.
At the same time, Yevgeny Yamburg, Honored Teacher of the Russian Federation, Director of Moscow School No. 109, reminded that “profiling begins early in our schools,” and if from the first grade children gravitate, for example, to mathematics, they receive increased knowledge of this subject.
“In the first grade, no one is given grades at all. But this does not mean that they are not given marks. Their work is judged by suns, circles of different colors. And then on such subjects as fine arts, we put “pass-fail”. For those who go to a certain specialization, grades are given. Because children themselves want to know how they correspond to a particular level of knowledge. There is no one solution for everyone here, and there cannot be. All children are different, ”the interlocutor emphasized.
“There is also such a thing as formative assessment. Children receive assignments and can endlessly “solve” them until they reach the highest level. In fact, they evaluate themselves through independent testing. In my opinion, this is the most efficient system. But here, of course, one should not go to extremes, ”concluded Yamburg.
Photo: Vladimir Smirnov / TASS