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Sep 21, 2022
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The German-Polish dispute about reparations and borders as a prelude to the division of Ukraine

Unprecedented in its intensity over many recent decades, and even at the highest level, the dispute between Germany and Poland over post-war borders and reparations, of course, has a pronounced Ukrainian connotation. The assurances of NATO allies and EU partners about a monolithic position in upholding the inviolability of Ukrainian borders are also heard in unison. And everyone seems to be helping Kyiv in unison – some with weapons, some with money. But already the Western countries – the neighbors of the long-suffering Ukraine, are talking more and more frankly about the injustice of joining their former lands to it and the inevitability of dividing its territory. In Romania (Bukovina and Bessarabia), former Minister of Foreign Affairs Marga put forward similar claims at a public meeting to the applause of the audience.

Residents of the Warsaw ghetto sent to the Treblinka death camp

Residents of the Warsaw ghetto sent to the Treblinka death camp

In Hungary (Transcarpathia, which Czechoslovakia also owned for a short time), there was a leak about a closed meeting with a similar agenda held by Prime Minister V. Orban. In Poland, numerous public talk about whether they have enough of Galicia (“Eastern Creses”) or, if we go, then to the very Dnieper! The first 1,500 lawsuits for the restitution of property in Western Ukraine from Poles who lived on its territory before the war or their heirs were sent to European courts with full legal validity.

Accounts to Ukraine

Accounts to Ukraine

However, what is happening now in relations between Germany and Poland raises the issue even higher, since it is not only fraught with possible preparations for the division of Ukraine, but is fraught with a potential redistribution of the Polish lands themselves. In the future, such a development will inevitably lead to a split in NATO and give the pan-European economic crisis a military-political dimension.

Analysts believe that behind the official proposal by the highest Polish authorities to Germany to pay Warsaw reparations for World War II in the amount of $1.3 trillion is a desire to disarm it in the face of a possible expansion of Poland’s borders to the East.

Until now, one of the deterrents to the Poles’ claims to Western Ukraine was that in return they received from Stalin much more developed German lands in Silesia and Pomerania. And there was always a risk that when Warsaw annexed Ukrainian lands, the Germans could demand that they return their own. Now the cunning Polish logic is something like this: if exorbitant restitution claims are put forward before Berlin, which no one seriously expects to be implemented, then they can be “nobly” abandoned in exchange for Germany’s refusal to put forward counterclaims for the return of Wroclaw (Breslau), Gdansk (Danzig) and other tidbits of the former German territory.

Poland began to prepare for the current step almost immediately after the Maidan revolution, as its Prime Minister M. Morawiecki admitted some time ago. According to him, a comprehensive report was prepared in three volumes, which was planned to be translated into different languages ​​and distributed around the world. As he stated, “Germany has caused great harm to the Poles and has never answered for it in material terms”. Unless, of course, we do not consider the wealth of the Silesian coal-industrial basin, as well as seaports in the Baltic, to be such an answer.

Prime Minister of Poland M. Morawiecki

Prime Minister of Poland M. Morawiecki

At the same time, the Poles say that they intend to file a lawsuit on reparations and Russia, but this is more like a cover. The leader of the ruling Law and Justice party in the country, J. Kaczynski, saidfor example, that “we must choose the order” when asked why his party demands reparations from Germany, and not from Russia. Say, we will act “step by step”, first we will “deal” with the Germans, and then with the Russians. “Russia also has to pay. But I do not think that our generation will wait for her to recognize her responsibility. One thing is certain: our demands will not change.” – approves Kaczynski.

However, here, too, there can be a “double bottom”. In response to financial claims, Moscow, in particular, according to the Polish understanding, can say: “Well, take back Western Ukraine for payment” and will not cling to it during the NWO. In reality, of course, the position “on Galicia” will depend not on Polish “Wishlist”, but on Russian calculations.

PiS leader J. Kaczynski

PiS leader J. Kaczynski

However, the question of reparations from Germany was transferred from the level of reasoning to the sphere of practical state policy of a higher order by Polish President A. Duda, who publicly stated the other day that “today it is necessary to seriously discuss the issue of war reparations from Germany, we can no longer pretend that nothing happened”. Warsaw promised to send a formalized diplomatic note on this matter to Berlin in the near future. The position of the Germans that this issue has long been closed by history, Duda considered “unacceptable.” The Polish leader emphasized: “The chaos reigning in Ukraine is not a hindrance” for this process. Apparently, rather the opposite. In fact, he made it clear why the reparation “three-volume book” was updated to such a degree of sharpness by the Polish ruling circles.

Polish President A. Duda

Polish President A. Duda

Berlin took the demarches of the “infringed” Warsaw with all seriousness. The deputies of the Reichstag are outraged, believing that Poland is paying Germany “black ingratitude” for everything she has done for the Poles in recent years, providing them with a significant rise in well-being. In a Nordic way, Chancellor Olaf Scholz, who thought and behaved straightforwardly, immediately began to “ripen to the root”, pointing outthat in such a case the question of revising Poland’s western borders might also be raised. And he did this at the presentation of a certain prize of the “Ukrainian nation”, which was represented at a ceremony in Potsdam by the mayor of Kyiv, V. Klitschko. Thus, Scholz, as it were, enlisted the support of these now popular “subjects” in the West in defense against Polish “attacks”.

Reichstag

Reichstag

O. Scholz

O. Scholz

In Poland, for some reason, Scholz’s words were strongly offended and sharply criticized at all levels. In general, despite the seeming unity of Berlin and Warsaw on such topical issues as the Ukrainian crisis, the attitude of the parties towards each other makes one cringe.

In Warsaw, for example, even during A. Merkel’s visit there, offensive posters were hung out for her demanding reparations, where she was side by side with Nazi criminals.

Poles

Poles “welcome” A. Merkel

In Berlin, they responded with mocking installations about the modern political life of Poland.

Poland trampled under J. Kaczynski's boot on the German streets

Poland trampled under J. Kaczynski’s boot on the German streets

Looking at this, one has to think about what the military machines of both countries are actually preparing for – to “defend against Russia” or to sort things out between themselves. They are doubling the size of their armed forces and are announcing accelerated rearmament programs. At the same time, Germany is extremely sparing in providing military assistance to Ukraine, referring to its own needs. Poland dumps Soviet junk on the Ukrainian fronts, importing the latest samples of American weapons in exchange for itself.

American

American “Abrams” follow to Poland

At such a pace, it’s time to think not about the “first partition of Ukraine”, but about the “fourth partition of Poland”, and maybe the “fifth”, because, in her own opinion, someone has always “divided and offended”, and therefore everything around she owes a lot.

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