Ministry of Housing and Communal Services of the Republic of Crimea
Crimea entered 2021 with a whole bunch of problems: from economic turmoil due to the coronavirus pandemic to acute water shortages. This comes against the backdrop of an 18% reduction in federal subsidies for Crimea compared to 2019.
The Russian authorities of the peninsula predict that the water supply schedules will remain in place throughout 2021. The situation was aggravated by the December drought on the peninsula.
December in the Crimea, contrary to forecasts, was dry, the rivers were still drying up and the production of water reserves in reservoirs, according to the meteorological center of the peninsula.
“In December 2020, as in previous months, there was a significant shortage of precipitation in the river basins. In conditions of a shortage of precipitation and high air temperatures, the hydrological situation in the river basins did not improve,” the hydrologists said, noting that according to long-term observations in the territory Crimea December and January are the months with the highest precipitation in the cold season.
Contrary to forecasts, in the upper reaches of the Alma, Chernaya rivers above the Partizanskoye (for water supply to Simferopol) and Chernorechenskoye (Sevastopol) reservoirs, there is still no runoff, hydrologists noted. The last time the lack of runoff at the end of December in the upper reaches of the Alma was observed in 1998, and in the upper reaches of the Chernaya River in 1985 and 2010. By the end of December, the drying up of the upper reaches of the Alma River lasts 150 days, and the upper reaches of the Chernaya River – 141 days. In most of the mudflow rivers in the districts of Alushta, Sudak and Feodosia, drying up remains, according to the website of the hydrometeorological center.
The total water supply in all Crimean reservoirs by the end of 2020 amounted to 31.3 million cubic meters (this is less than the total volume of one Partizansky reservoir). Water for the month has decreased by 5.3 million cubic meters, the total water reserves have decreased by 61.7 million cubic meters less than a year ago, RIA Novosti reports.
January-February theoretically can bring long-awaited precipitation to the Crimeans, believes Sergey Gapon, a specialist at the World Data Center for Geoinformatics and Sustainable Development, senior lecturer at the Department of Geography of the Taurida National University.
“In winter there can be a lot of snow, plus in the cold season there is no massive evaporation. If there is enough precipitation, in the spring there will be a massive filling of reservoirs – both aboveground and underground. Moreover, even a small amount of snow gives hope for some accumulation of water. it rains on the peninsula – not very much, but more than in previous months – and there is a hope that the winter will not be dry.Now, all the inhabitants of Crimea, in one way or another, feel the problem with the lack of fresh water: in some regions it is, but Poor quality, and drinking it is very dangerous. The Russian authorities say they will drill even more wells, but it is already undesirable to do this, practically anywhere in Crimea. Such measures can only help for a few months. Drilling is a road to nowhere, this is out of despair “, says Gapon.
As for the construction of desalination plants, which was previously announced by the Russian head of Crimea Sergei Aksyonov, the implementation of such projects is impossible without access to high technologies, which the peninsula does not have due to international sanctions, reminds the publication Krym.Realii.
At the end of December, the head of the Committee for Land Reclamation and Water Management of Crimea, Igor Weil, said that the water reserves in three reservoirs that provide water supply to Simferopol had dropped to 4.5 million cubic meters and amounted to about 6% of the total volume.
Previously, Ukraine provided up to 85% of Crimea’s needs for fresh water through the North Crimean Canal running from the Dnieper. However, after the reunification of Crimea with Russia, the supply of water through the canal to the republic was completely stopped. The issue of water supply was resolved at the expense of natural reservoirs, which over the past year have become significantly shallower due to drought, as well as due to the extraction of water from underground sources. Due to the shortage of water in a number of regions of Crimea, a regime supply of water to houses has been introduced. Simferopol is reoriented to water supply mainly from underground sources.