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May 1, 2021
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Take care of the Makhnovist – you will find a liberal

Take care of the Makhnovist - you will find a liberal

Photo: Mitya Aleshkovsky / TASS

The rejection by the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of the complaints of the defendants in the Penza case “Network” * (the organization is recognized as terrorist and banned in the Russian Federation) means that the anarchist community is losing a certain number of activists. extinction.

The bright fighters of yesterday have moved away from active affairs, reaping the fruits of memories of past battles, as, say, Vladlen Tupikin, one of the founders of the once noisy Confederation of Anarcho-Syndicalists (KAS), which continues to publish the magazine Volia (since 1989).

Sometimes he complains that the whole “movement” has not been able to find a balance between the “Gulyaypole” state of mind and the need for discipline. In the 1990s, Tupikin was in demand in the liberal media – for example, he was among those who published the Latin Quarter supplement to Novaya Gazeta, the predecessor of Novaya Gazeta.

Another native of CAS – Peter Ryabov, one of the founders of “Autonomous Action”, today quite a respectable teacher of philosophy at the Moscow State Pedagogical University, the author of interesting books on Russian history, the activities of political movements after the collapse of the USSR etc.

A scientific career has also developed well. Alexandra Shubina, also one of the leaders of the KAS. Today he is the chief researcher at the Institute of General History of the Russian Academy of Sciences; his historical works are also published with enviable regularity. In the 1990s, he turned to environmentalists – he tried to make a political career in the Russian Green Party. In the early 2010s, he even entered the leadership of the Left Front, but left it “due to the workload of scientific work.”

However, the most successful of all was another founder of KAS – Andrey Isaev… In general, as the media wrote, he started out as a Stalinist – allegedly he even slept under a large portrait of Joseph Vissarionovich. His worldview began to be “corrected” during his studies at the Moscow State Pedagogical Institute, where he became an organizer and participant in social democratic and anarchist associations.

In 1988, he outlined his anarchist views in the reportage of the popular TV program “Vzglyad”. In the early 1990s, Isaev joined the trade union movement, becoming the editor-in-chief of the Solidarity newspaper, then oversaw information policy and public relations in the FNPR. In 2018, his anarchist past and “union hardening” did not prevent him, as a State Duma deputy from the United Russia party, from voting to raise the retirement age.

Peter Rausch, founded such associations during the years of perestroika as ACCA, MAKI and others, did not find himself either in politics or in journalism, and in 2007 he left for Ukraine, tried to participate there in the activities of local Makhnovists, but did not get along with them either. In 2008, he received refugee status in Sweden, where he remains to this day.

A native of Angarsk Igor Podshivalov he was also an activist of the KAS, participated in environmental actions – against nuclear power plants in Russia and the Czech Republic. Became a supporter of the so-called. “Siberian regionalism”, published materials on environmental and criminal topics in all-Russian and local publications. He died in August 2006 – hit by a car.

An illustrative example is one of the most famous anarchists of the perestroika period – Dmitry Zhvania… Since the late 1980s, he tirelessly created small anarchist groups in the city on the Neva, traveled abroad as the leader of various associations. After the plan of trips abroad dried up, and foreign colleagues demanded great accomplishments, Zhvania suddenly discovered the inconsistency of the idea of ​​the organization in which he was at that time. After that, without a shadow of a doubt, he began to create something new. And so in a circle several times.

All this, by the way, he described in his book “The Way of the Red Guards”, which can serve as a vivid example of the author’s love for his beloved. Ideologically, Zhvania hesitated depending on the radical conjuncture – he was drawn to Trotskyism. The Pyotr Alekseev Resistance Movement (DSPA), created by him in the early 2000s, with an indistinct left-wing radical ideology, is remembered only by hanging banners with snooty slogans in public places.

Today, the former anarchist, Trotskyist, radical left sided with the pro-government party “Rodina”, edits the site “Rodina on the Neva” and has not yet discovered the inconsistency of this ideology and the surrounding activists. Perhaps for the time being.

Another well-known anarchist passed through the party of the Limonovites – Alexey Tsvetkov… Later, he shifted towards Marxism, although, judging by his journalism, the “Bakunin sourdough” in the world outlook is clearly gaining the upper hand. Today Tsvetkov is the co-owner of the popular Moscow bookstore Tsiolkovsky, lectures and publishes books in which he recalls his anarchist past with pleasure. At the same time, as the critic noted Lev DanilkinTsvetkov is “who has managed to remain – with his colossal capabilities – truly marginal.”

Most of the anarchist leaders of the “perestroika draft” in August 1991 yearned for the defeat of the GKChP – the fall of the hated “scoop”, not suspecting that under the new government they would be pushed to the sidelines of big and even small politics completely and irrevocably. Some of them managed to settle down quite well in the system, which, according to the logic of anarchism, they should hate fiercely.

And here it is worth remembering Lenin, who called anarchism “Bourgeois individualism turned inside out” and who designated his worldview as “The psychology of an unsettled intellectual or a tramp, not a proletarian”… When the ideological mirage of anarchism dissipated, only the naked individualism of its former leaders remained. And here everyone fled as best he could – someone stayed at the university department, and someone did not disdain United Russia either …


* “Network” – an organization banned on the territory of the Russian Federation.

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