One of the unpleasant pathologies that lead to the appearance of painful sensations is superficial gastritis. Why such a disorder of the gastrointestinal tract is dangerous, AiF.ru learned from doctor-endoscopist of the highest qualification category of the Clinical and Diagnostic Center “Medintsentr” (branch of the GlavUpDK under the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Russia), Candidate of Medical Sciences Alexey Povalyaev…
“Superficial gastritis is a type of chronic gastritis and is expressed in increased secretory function of the stomach and inflammation of its mucous membrane,” says Alexey Povalyaev. In fact, such a disease is characterized by a long course, has a certain periodicity of exacerbations, and it also predominantly affects the upper layers of the mucous membrane.
According to statistics, such a pathology occurs in at least 50% of people on earth. At the same time, there is also a certain gradation by gender – most often the problem is noted in men. Despite the fact that she is not one of the heavy ones, she should not be underestimated.
Why does the problem appear
Of course, the causes of the development of pathology always worry people, because, knowing them, you can try to prevent morbidity.
“The cause of the disease can be both unhealthy diet – the use of fatty and spicy foods, and incorrect treatment of acute gastritis or even neglect of treatment. Helicobacter pylori bacteria can also cause gastritis, they account for most cases of chronic gastritis in people, ”says Aleksey Povalyaev.
In addition, doctors sometimes divide the causes of the development of superficial gastritis into internal and external. The first include anemia, hypovitaminosis, food allergies, kidney problems, damage to the valves of the gastrointestinal tract. External include:
- dry food;
- the use of hot seasonings;
- poor chewing of food;
- bad habits;
- the use of a number of drugs, etc.
Types of superficial gastritis
With regard to superficial gastritis, doctors sometimes use a specific classification of pathology by type. So, you can find mention of the division of superficial gastritis into:
- Focal, that is, one that affects the mucous membrane locally, without affecting the deep layers – here, with timely treatment started, you can quickly cope with the problem.
- Diffuse – here the damage is a little more, but it does not really affect the work of the organ.
- Catarrhal – inflammation of the mucous membrane.
- Reflux gastritis.
- Endogenous – developing due to internal factors.
- Iatrogenic – develops against the background of the use of drugs.
- Bacterial – triggered by bacteria.
How to recognize
Also, many are interested in how to recognize pathology so that treatment can be started on time. “Symptoms include strong sour breath, indigestion, feeling of heaviness, nausea and vomiting. The occurrence of any of these symptoms may be a reason to visit a gastroenterologist. Only a specialist can carry out the necessary laboratory and diagnostic studies that allow an accurate diagnosis and correct therapy. If you do not deal with this issue, there is a risk of the disease turning into atrophic gastritis, which leads to impaired digestion of food, ”says Aleksey Povalyaev.
The diagnosis is usually made on the basis of a number of procedures – a comprehensive examination and collection of anamnesis, blood and urine tests are also offered to the patient, feces can be prescribed for occult blood, a biochemical blood test and even a breath test for the presence of bacteria in the body appear on the list of appointments. Of the instrumental options, FGDS, ultrasound and X-ray are used.
What to do
Once a diagnosis is made, treatment should be started as soon as possible. After all, the sooner help is provided, the more chances that negative consequences and complications will not appear.
“Those who have been diagnosed with gastritis are advised to follow a diet and monitor their nutrition,” says Alexey Povalyaev. Here they usually talk about fractional meals – 5-6 times a day. Naturally, you will have to give up traditionally harmful products, such as fatty, fried, smoked, spicy, soda. Also, you should additionally give up bad habits that further worsen a person’s well-being.
Additionally, drug therapy can be prescribed, but only by the decision of the doctor.
It should be understood that if treatment is not carried out, then complications may develop. For example, the formation of ulcers, the transition of the disease to the chronic stage, the development of pancreatitis, as well as intoxication.