The specialty “chemical technology” is in demand in various industries. Specialists who have mastered the methods of obtaining substances using chemical and physicochemical processes work in pharmaceutical and cosmetic companies, in industries related to the manufacture of petroleum products, polymer, finishing or other materials.
How to get a specialty?
The demand for the specialty “chemical technology” in the labor market attracts many applicants. How do I get it? While still studying in high school, you need to find universities that offer to master the profession of interest. Having learned the list of disciplines required for admission (as a rule, there are 3 of them – Russian, chemistry, mathematics), you should pay maximum attention to preparing for the exam. For admission to some higher education institutions, additional tests are required.
Important! Each educational institution has its own minimum score threshold in a specialized subject for submission of documents for admission (it is higher than that recommended by Rosobrnadzor). The exact information can be seen on the website of the selection committee of the selected university.
With a high competition, the average score in chemistry for admission may exceed 80 points, with a small one, it may be enough to score half as much.
On the territory of Russia, you can study at 92 higher educational institutions. The greatest opportunities are given to applicants by Moscow and St. Petersburg (6 and 7 universities, respectively). Other educational institutions that are ready to teach this demanded specialty are located in Ufa, Ryazan, Orenburg, Voronezh, Yekaterinburg, Perm, Omsk, Kursk, Tver, and other cities of the Russian Federation.
Having successfully completed a bachelor’s degree, you can continue your studies in a master’s degree, where professional disciplines are studied in more detail, and time is also allocated for research work.
Main characteristics of the specialty
First of all, this profession involves mental, not physical labor. A chemist-technologist must have a good memory, perseverance, patience, the ability to concentrate on solving problems – in the process of work he has to process / analyze a large amount of information. Main responsibilities:
- laboratory research;
- creation of substances and compounds according to technical specifications;
- process modeling;
- study of the chemical composition of substances;
- development of new technologies, their implementation;
- technological control;
- work with documentation (drawing up technological maps, etc.);
- tracking the quality of raw materials / products;
- checking compliance with safety regulations.
Due to the need to work with chemicals, a specialist of this profile must have a keen sense of smell, good eyesight, and a quick reaction.
Advantages and disadvantages of the profession
The disadvantages of the profession include:
- monotonous work;
- a high degree of responsibility;
- the need to work with substances, many of which are potentially dangerous.
Any violation of safety precautions can lead to a deterioration in health – the respiratory system, liver, and kidneys are the first to suffer.
The advantages of the profession: high salaries, good career opportunities, benefits for harmful working conditions, the ability to work in almost any industry. The specialty “chemical technology of organic / inorganic substances” is considered rare, which provokes a high demand for specialists.
Where and by whom to work?
There are many directions in chemistry – from nanochemistry to agro-, photo- and biochemistry. Each of them has its own peculiarity. In the description of the specialty “chemical technology of organic substances”, the profile of training is the development of technological processes for obtaining compounds of different classes on the basis of substances containing carbon. The specialty “chemical technology of inorganic substances” implies the use of the properties of simple substances or compounds that do not have a carbon skeleton, the creation of reagents, catalysts, condenser, heat-insulating and other materials on their basis.
What to work with after receiving such a specialty? University graduates work in many areas, including oil refining, nuclear energy, mechanical engineering, metallurgy. The list of professions is extensive.
This profession involves the study of chemistry as a science. In laboratory conditions, specialists of this profile synthesize new substances, study the properties of little-studied or unknown compounds, carry out experimental developments, and investigate nuclear processes. In their competence, writing educational and research papers. Chemists work in:
- Research institute;
- educational institutions;
- scientific and educational laboratories.
The analytical aspect becomes the main thing in this profession. The task of the analytical chemist is to determine the suitability of raw materials, a deep analysis of its qualitative composition. In addition to an extensive knowledge base, well-developed logical thinking is required. Analytical chemists are most in demand in the pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Average salary – from 43 thousand rubles.
The competence of an electrochemist is the creation of new electrochemical technologies (first of all, it concerns galvanic production), experimental work in the field of material processing, development of accumulators and batteries. Average salary – from 38 thousand rubles.
Chemical analysis laboratory assistant
The laboratory assistant receives information about the properties / composition of samples of solid, gaseous, liquid substances. Such data make it possible to judge the quality of raw materials and finished products. The work of a laboratory chemist is in demand in many industries, including agrochemistry, metallurgy, and pharmacology. Average salary – from 25 thousand rubles.
When deciding where to work in the specialty “chemical technology”, it is worth paying attention to a new promising direction. The demand for drag design in the pharmaceutical industry is growing every year. A specialist of this profile develops new drugs and dosage forms with desired properties. The main goal of the work of a drag designer is to create a medicine that will eliminate not the symptoms, but the cause of the disease, without exerting harmful side effects on the body. Contribute to the solution of the tasks set by computer modeling, carrying out accurate quantum-chemical calculations using special programs. The basis for the creation of new drugs is an extensive database of laboratory / clinical trials.
Nanochemist, nanotechnologist, nanoengineer, nanomaterial designer
Specialists of this orientation are able to create materials with completely new properties necessary for a person from particles invisible to the eye. Research is carried out at the molecular and atomic level. Already now nanotechnology is penetrating all areas – from mechanical engineering, medicine and the food industry to space technologies, robotics, biomechanics. The profession will require a good knowledge of not only chemistry, but also mathematics, physics, electronics.
Dispatchers control raw material flows, check their qualitative / quantitative indicators, percentage when mixing components. If there is a deviation from the standard values, the dispatcher gives the necessary inputs for the correction. A distinctive feature of this profession is a high degree of responsibility. Average salary – from 38 thousand rubles.
This profession is extremely in demand in metallurgy. Highly qualified specialists create new alloys, test their properties, and develop new technologies for the production of metal products. The metallurgical engineer uses new methods of metal research in his work, has a well-developed analytical thinking and a desire for creative activity. Workers, laboratory assistants and technicians work under his leadership. Place of work: research institutes, metallurgical enterprises.
Technological engineers work in the chemical, mechanical engineering, pharmaceutical, food, and cosmetic industries. Their task is to organize a given technological process, taking into account the available equipment, the choice of additional equipment, the selection of tools, components, materials, equipment, and other elements. They are in charge of standardizing the time for the execution of processes. Average salary – from 60 thousand rubles.
Quality Process Engineer
Professional responsibilities include not only quality control of consumables / finished products – the process engineer implements new quality management systems. Average salary – from 50 thousand rubles.
To work in this area, a diploma in chemical technology obtained at a university is not enough – good analytical and organizational skills are required. Experts participate in environmental assessments, give recommendations on improving the efficiency of technologies that contribute to ensuring environmental safety. Average salary – from 43 thousand rubles.
Professional duties are to control the technological process of production of medicines, balance the consumption of components, develop / introduce new drugs. Average salary – from 37 thousand rubles.
Waste Management Engineer
The tasks of the engineer include:
- organization of work on the collection, transportation, placement, processing, disposal of residues unsuitable for further use;
- protection of the environment from the harmful effects of waste;
- creation of regulatory legal acts regulating their handling;
- inventory / accounting.
Biochemical production specialist
Having received the specialty “chemical technology of organic substances”, you can take the position of a specialist in biochemical production. The average salary is 40 thousand rubles. Professional duties: control of the technological process of biochemical production, regulation of its parameters, preparation of raw materials, calculation of parameters, analysis of the causes of their violations, organization of staff work.
Oil and Gas Processing Specialist
In the process of chemical refining of oil, lubricants, fuel, and petrochemical products are obtained. Main professional responsibilities in this field of activity:
- support of technological processes of processing raw materials (gas, oil), control over the observance of technologies, their improvement;
- personnel management, coordination of work;
- checking the quality of raw materials, marketable products.
Average salary – from 45 thousand rubles.
Light industry technologist
The duties of a light industry technologist include technological support for the production of consumer goods – process control, compliance of raw materials / products with technical conditions, established standards, regulatory documents. Average salary – 45 thousand rubles.
Glass and ceramics technologist
The specialist controls the technological process of the production of composite, heat-insulating, fiberglass materials, architectural and construction glass, refractories, enamels, glazes. Average salary – from 38 thousand rubles.
Chemical technology is a promising specialty that allows you to work in many industries. The far from complete list of possible employment confirms its relevance in the labor market.