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May 4, 2021
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Six myths about bronchial asthma

The child may outgrow asthma

This myth comes about because people who have had asthma since childhood may have an easier course of asthma in adulthood. This view is dangerous because it can contribute to a frivolous attitude towards the disease, poor adherence to treatment, and poor control over it.

Asthma is a chronic illness. This means that once it appears, it cannot disappear completely. Dr. James Li of the Mayo Clinic points out that in adults, asthma may “go away” for several years, but then come back again. At the same time, most children do not even have signs of asthma “outgrowing”. This is especially uncharacteristic for a severe course of the disease.

Another reason some people expect asthma to “outgrow” is that other illnesses are sometimes mistaken for it. Difficulty breathing can be with bronchitis, bronchiolitis, pneumonia, recalled Dr. Lee.

Asthma is a nervous disorder

Sometimes you can hear that with asthma the main problems are “in the head”. That is, the main cause of seizures is panic, anxiety and other similar disorders. However, bronchial asthma is a somatic disease: with it, changes in the bronchi and the immune system are primary.

Psychological factors can influence the course of asthma. For example, depression and anxiety can make it difficult to control its symptoms.

Asthma is an infectious disease

This is an outdated concept of disease. In the 1950s, scientists did not really rule out that antibiotic therapy could be an effective treatment for asthma. However, all infectious hypotheses (later they appeared in a new form) did not stand the test of time. No specific pathogens were found in the disease, antibiotic treatment does not cure the disease.

Physical activity is contraindicated in asthma.

Physical activity helps control bronchial asthma. All the guidelines for the treatment of this disease agree on this. It is known that physical activity can be a trigger of an asthma attack. Doctors believe that this does not mean that physical education is contraindicated, but that medication for asthma needs to be reviewed and made sufficient. They point out that in most cases this should fix the problem.

Research has shown that patients who follow physicians’ recommended levels of physical activity have better asthma control than those who are physically inactive.

Asthma is the same for everyone

This is not the case; symptoms may differ from person to person. Moreover, they can be different in one person from attack to attack, according to experts from the Cleveland Clinic. One time it can be cough, wheezing and heaviness in the chest, the other – predominantly shortness of breath.

Asthma is not fatal

In certain cases, this disease can proceed for a long time without significant deterioration, even in the absence of treatment. Perhaps this helped create the myth of her relative safety. This opinion can also “force” people to be treated worse.

Asthma can kill. According to WHO estimates, in 2016 more than 400 thousand people died from its consequences in the world. Most of these deaths occurred in low- and middle-income countries.


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