banner
May 13, 2022
0 View
0 0

Siemens, tu-tu: “Peregrine Falcons” and “Swallows” flew to Germany

Siemens, tu-tu:

Photo: Maxim Grigoriev / TASS

The German concern Siemens completely stops working on the Russian market: deliveries of all goods are curtailed, maintenance of equipment is stopped, joint ventures will be closed. High-speed trains will soon be laid up, and a similar fate will befall numerous complex electrical engineering requiring regular maintenance and adjustment. And we all have to forget about German household appliances,

“Siemens will leave the Russian market… The company has begun the procedure for terminating its business and all production activities,” the company said in an official statement.

Actually, the “unofficial” departure began at the end of March 2022, when the concern canceled the contract for the supply of Sapsan trains to Russian Railways. At the same time, as wholesalers say, problems began with the supply of large quantities of electrical equipment. Both domestic and industrial. What the Germans had in the Russian warehouse, they regularly shipped, but they refused to accept new orders for one reason or another. And here comes the explanation. However, quite expected.

Without Russia, Siemens will live just fine: our country accounts for only about 1% of the company’s trade turnover. That is, it’s empty. At first sight. But in the current difficult economic conditions, when demand in the whole world is falling, they play a role. The Germans will definitely not get better from this. And, most likely, supplies will go through other channels – unofficial.

But for now, we will proceed from the fact that there will be no more Siemens products in Russia. What are we losing? Not much at the household level. Kitchen and other appliances, of course, are good, but not German for a long time. At the “German” price. Mostly made in “third countries”, mainly in China. And the level of quality, of course, has dropped dramatically.

“I fix food processors, coffee grinders and other similar appliances. I specialize in Bosch-Siemens products. It made sense to buy it 20-30 years ago – it was reliable, almost eternal. And now these products are working properly, they have no demolition. Rarely brought, and always extremely unkempt. And today it makes no sense to take this product. Firstly, made in China and other countries, not in Germany, as before. Secondly, in terms of reliability and service life, the design is extremely simplified, the devices are, in fact, disposable. It’s easier to buy frank China. It will last the same amount, but the price is several times less, ”says the master of one multi-brand service center.

With electrical engineering, even household, everything is worse. Despite their price, the same Siemens circuit breakers, although they are also not German, have a number of advantages. First of all, in terms of reliability. Plus, there are a number of convenient options that not all manufacturers have. In general, a good product. But the cost … Alas, based on the price-quality ratio, most consumers make a choice in favor of other manufacturers.

Solutions for production are more interesting, although they are also very expensive. But they are already expensive for almost everyone, therefore Siemens products are quite competitive and interesting. Plus after-sales service, warranty, regular software updates. Alas, all these competitive advantages are already in the past. Almost. The concern clearly does not intend to abandon its regular customers, a certain “small amount of service work” will be performed. That is, the supply of spare parts and consumables will also be. “Fuchsom”, apparently, and small. Just for your own…

In general, there is little good, enterprises will have to switch to Chinese electrics. In China, the production of various electrics is developing rapidly, so the machines and workshops as a whole will not be left without power.

Both in household electrics and in industrial – not very complicated – you can quickly pull up the notorious “import substitution”. So, very good “machines” are made by the Kursk Electrical Appliance Plant. But in retail they are represented very poorly, it is not easy to buy their products. Traders have no incentives to sell domestic products, although this is exactly what should be stimulated now. Relatively speaking, he sold a unit of imported goods – minus a ruble from the profit. Sold a Russian product – here’s a piece of tax relief for you. Will work!

It doesn’t matter with trains. Even more. “Sapsanov” (aka Siemens Velaro RUS) will no longer exist. The Ural Locomotives joint venture, where Lastochkas (Siemens Desiro) are assembled, will close in the near future. That is, we will no longer have high-speed trains. Is there anything to replace?

From 1984 until 2008, Soviet high-speed trains ER-200 ran along the Moscow-St. Petersburg route, which ran slightly slower than Sapanov. But they decided to abandon them in favor of German products. Because with the collapse of the USSR, the production of domestic products was destroyed, and the Sokol-250 project failed. At Yeltsin there was a project of RAO “VSM” – a typical financial scam of those dumb years. Like we’ll set up fast railroads all over the country. We issued a bunch of bonds like GKO/OFZ, and began to actively “cut” money. And everything was pocketed. With the remaining crumbs, they whipped up some fearful bastard who did not drive, did not slow down and was not controlled. The wind was blowing through the cabins, it stank of cheap plastic and grease, and the cars themselves began to fall apart during testing. The project was quietly abandoned.

All design documentation for the ER-200 has been preserved to this day. Yes, this is not a Sapsan, in terms of comfort, the trains did not stand next to each other. The author had the opportunity to ride on both. However, the Soviet express was more than fast and was famous for its reliability. In principle, after some “tuning” he could replace the “Peregrine Falcons”. But that’s basically what. The production of many nodes will have to be restored, and sometimes from scratch. Although the task is quite solvable. And the Russian Railways structure is very rich – if they want, they will master it. Similarly with the “Swallow” – and there are options. You just need to get down to business, that is, production.

“Russia today finds itself in a situation that is very similar to the one that arose about a century ago. The then Soviet Russia found itself under a rigid blockade of its former allies in the Entente. The collective West began to stifle Russia in order to return it to its fold as a raw material appendage and a semi-colony. It was then that the idea of ​​industrialization was born in the USSR, which began to be implemented in the late 1920s. It was at the turn of the 1920s and 1930s that a radical change in the economic model took place – the transition from the liberal market model (NEP) to the model of the mobilization economy. It is today that we need such a transition,” says Doctor of Economics, Professor Valentin Katasonov.

The departure of Siemens is unpleasant, but not critical. Only now such a nuisance can be repeated again and again. The channels of “parallel imports” will be closed, and we will have to return to the level of the 1950s, if not worse. Without fast trains, electrics, electronics, meat grinders and computers. How long will such a country exist in today’s high-tech world? Unfortunately, Soviet missiles with Soviet “nuclear batons” do not last forever, and we no longer know how to make new ones. Announced a few years ago, the project of new “atomic trains” to replace those destroyed during the “détente” failed. There are no missiles, no corresponding special rolling stock. We need to rebuild everything. But officials don’t want to.

So far, there is no progress on reindustrialization. This word has completely disappeared from the lexicon of our authorities. How cut. Talking only about some kind of targeted actions – like helping this or that project. And it is by no means of strategic importance. So, pulling the budget over trifles with zero results.

The abolition of customs duties on the import of industrial equipment is not even discussed, and tax incentives for manufacturing industries are also not discussed. No systemic shifts are visible in principle. Industry specialists have long understood what needs to be developed and how, in particular, to replace Siemens products. But officials don’t care. Are they really waiting with hope for their American masters to come here?

Article Categories:
Economy
banner

Leave a Reply