Aug 6, 2022
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Shameful step of the Japanese authorities

Moscow denied the right to send a delegation to Hiroshima for a ceremony in memory of the victims of the American atomic bombing

This happened for the first time in post-war history.

Japan has never been a friendly state to the USSR, and then to Russia, no matter how hard the Russian authorities try to refute it, at one time artificially creating various “friends of Ryu, Yoshi, Shinzo” from their Japanese partners. The goals of the Japanese feigned friendship consisted solely and exclusively in persuading the Russian leaders to sacrifice the territories legally belonging to Russia – the southern Kuril Islands. And to a certain extent, Tokyo was able to “interest” Russian partners in the search for “resolving the territorial issue” by flattery, financial and economic promises.

The insulting refusal of the great nuclear power, which invariably stands for the limitation and control of nuclear arsenals in the world, to attend the international (let us emphasize this!) event commemorating the victims of the American barbaric bombing is yet another demonstration to its US overlord of Tokyo’s obsequious readiness to infringe on our country and its leadership.

Moscow’s reaction was expected. On behalf of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Russian Ambassador to Japan Mikhail Galuzin issued a statement: “The authorities of Hiroshima, as the organizers of the event held annually on August 6, announced that they were not inviting representatives of Russia to it. Such a shameful step is another evidence that the leadership of the Japanese movement, which calls itself anti-nuclear, in fact, once again turned its back on the memory of tens of thousands of its fellow citizens who became innocent victims of the barbaric atomic bombing carried out by the United States of America in August 1945. The ambassador rightly noted that “every time in the past, attending the mentioned ceremony, I caught myself thinking that it is simply impossible to understand from the Japanese speeches which country committed this monstrous massacre of civilians.”

As a participant in the August 6 events in Hiroshima since Soviet times, as well as a member of the delegation of the Russian public at the 70th anniversary of the atomic bombing in 2015, I can confirm this bewilderment, when all the speakers said “the atomic bomb was dropped”, while carefully avoiding mentioning that that the Americans committed this atrocity.

The Russian ambassador also spoke about this: “Here, they obviously don’t want to remember this, understanding, it seems, this way their allied duty to Washington. Moreover, the latter, despite the frequent voyages to Hiroshima of his emissaries, is somehow in no hurry to apologize for what he has done. Apparently, he does not consider it necessary, and this does not in the least concern the local supposedly anti-nuclear people. On the other hand, tales about Moscow’s mythical intention to use nuclear weapons in Ukraine are shamelessly replicated in every way. Now they have also “cancelled” Russia at their main event.”

Moscow, through the ambassador, recalled that it was on the initiative of the Russian Federation that “the Russian-American treaty on measures for the further reduction and limitation of strategic offensive arms (START III) was extended”, and it was Russia that ensured “the entire nuclear five” confirmed the fundamentally important understanding that that there can be no winners in a nuclear war, and it should not be unleashed”, and it is Russia that is “a pioneer in the field of the peaceful use of atomic energy”.

On August 6, 3550 invited guests will take part in the celebrations in the Peace Park in Hiroshima, which was laid out at the epicenter of the atomic explosion. For the first time, there will be no representatives of the Russian Federation and its allied Belarus among them.

The trick is that at the ceremony in the Hiroshima Peace Park there will be representatives of the American establishment, guilty of the genocide of the Japanese people, and the delegates of the country that forced the militaristic Japan to capitulate will not be admitted. What the Americans did was akin to genocide. In inclining the Japanese government to end the war, the American political and military authorities sought to destroy as many Japanese civilians as possible, to deprive them of shelter and livelihood. The atomic strikes on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were preceded by carpet bombing by American B-29 “flying fortresses” of Tokyo and dozens of densely populated cities.

Inflicting atomic strikes, the Americans sought to achieve, above all, a psychological effect, destroying many people for this. U.S. President Harry Truman personally endorsed the proposal of his closest adviser, U.S. Secretary of State James Byrnes, that “the (atomic) bomb should be used as soon as possible against Japan, that it should be dropped on a munitions factory surrounded by workers’ housing estates, and that it should be apply without prior notice.

However, the destruction of people in carpet bombing and the atomic incineration of defenseless women, children and the elderly did not lead the Japanese government to capitulate. The decision to end the resistance was made only after the victorious Red Army of the Soviet Union entered the war.

The victims of their own people did not embarrass the leaders of militaristic Japan, nor did they frighten the atomic bombs. They did not capitulate in the spring of 1945, when, according to various estimates, from 500 to 900 thousand of their inhabitants were killed as a result of massive bombing of Japanese cities (more than during the bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki).

They did not intend to capitulate at the imperial headquarters even after the atomic bombing of Hiroshima. There were hopes for the use of the numerous Kwantung Army (army group) that had retained its combat capability in Northeast China (Manchuria). The option was considered in the event of the landing of American troops on the Japanese islands, to transport the emperor and his family to the puppet state of Manchukuo.

Massive use of banned bacteriological and chemical weapons accumulated in huge quantities in the Kwantung Army in response to atomic strikes was also not ruled out.

All these calculations were crossed out by the blitzkrieg of the Soviet troops in Manchuria. Having declared war on militarist Japan on August 8, 1945, at the request of the allies – the United States and Great Britain, the Soviet Union launched broad offensive operations in Northeast China, Korea, Sakhalin and the Kuril Islands. This deprived the Japanese military-political leadership of the chance to delay surrender by stubborn resistance.

As for the warnings of President Truman on August 7 about the readiness of the United States in the event of continued resistance to launch new atomic strikes against Japan, that Japan “expects from the air such a stream of destruction that the Earth has never known”, they were regarded in Tokyo as ” enemy propaganda. And this assessment was not far from the truth. The President of the United States was bluffing. According to the calculations of the American headquarters, to ensure the landing of troops on the Japanese islands, at least 9 atomic bombs were required, which were not available.

An analysis of the military-political situation in the Far East that took shape in August 1945 forces even irreconcilable critics of the Soviet Union to admit the obvious facts. In a scientific study published in 2005 of the reasons for the decision of the Japanese government to surrender, a professor at the University of California (USA), an ethnic Japanese Tsuyoshi Hasegawa recognizes the decisive influence of the entry of the USSR into the war on the decision of the emperor to accept the terms of surrender. In the final part of his work “In pursuit of the enemy. Stalin, Truman and the Surrender of Japan,” he writes: “The two atomic bombs dropped on Hiroshima and Nagasaki were not decisive in Japan’s decision to surrender. Despite the crushing power of atomic bombs, they were not enough to change the vector of Japanese foreign policy. This allowed the Soviet invasion to take place. Without the entry of the Soviet Union into the war, the Japanese would continue to fight until numerous atomic bombs were dropped on them, a successful landing of the allies on the islands of Japan proper was carried out, or air bombardments continued under conditions of a naval blockade, which would exclude the possibility of further resistance.”

This opinion is shared by Ward Wilson, author of Five Myths About Nuclear Weapons, in his article “The Bomb Didn’t Beat Japan, It Was Stalin.” He points out that in the summer of 1945, American aircraft bombed, in whole or in part, 66 Japanese cities with conventional bombs, the destruction was colossal, in some cases comparable to the destruction during atomic bombings. On March 9-10, 16 square miles burned out in Tokyo, killing about 120 thousand people. Hiroshima is only in 17th place in terms of destruction of the urban area (in percentage terms). The author writes: “What alarmed the Japanese if they were not worried about either the bombing of cities in general or the atomic bombing of Hiroshima in particular? The answer is simple – it was the USSR.”

And further: “The traditional version that Japan capitulated because of Hiroshima is convenient, since it satisfies the emotional needs of both the United States and Japan itself. How did the US benefit from the traditional version? The reputation of US military power has improved significantly, the influence of US diplomacy in Asia and around the world has increased, US security has strengthened … On the contrary, if the entry of the USSR into the war was considered the reason for capitulation, Moscow could claim that in 4 days it succeeded in what the US did not could achieve 4 years, and the idea of ​​​​the military power and diplomatic influence of the USSR would have strengthened … During the Cold War, claims that the USSR played a decisive role would be equal to “aiding the enemy.”

Without rejecting the significance of the atomic bombings, which hastened the surrender of Japan, it is impossible to agree that they determined the outcome of the war. This was also recognized by prominent political figures in the West. Winston Churchill said: “It is a mistake to believe that the fate of Japan was decided by the atomic bomb.”

The inevitability of the defeat of Emperor Hirohito and his inner circle was associated not so much with atomic bombings, but with the participation in the war of the Red Army, which crushed the military power of Nazi Germany. In the imperial rescript of August 17, 1945, “To Soldiers and Sailors,” Hirohito, without mentioning the American atomic bombs and the destruction of Japanese cities, named the entry into the war of the USSR as the main reason for the surrender. It was clearly stated: “Now that the Soviet Union has also entered the war against us, to continue resistance … means to threaten the very foundation of the existence of our Empire.” American and Japanese historians and propagandists avoid mentioning this important document…

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