Sep 21, 2021
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Scientists have compared the potential harm of two types of breast implants

Silicone breast implants first appeared in 1962. Now they are widely used all over the world in both cosmetic and reconstructive surgery: every year millions of women in the world acquire a “new” bust.

In recent years, scientists have been discussing the toxicity and possible health risks of such prosthetics. The disorders that may be associated with it are called breast implant disease. At the same time, there are other opinions on this matter.

  • “Brain clouds” (cognitive impairment);
  • hair loss;
  • chest pain;
  • fatigue;
  • sleep disorders;
  • irritable bowel syndrome;
  • headache;
  • chronic pain syndromes;
  • autoimmune diseases (lupus and others);
  • fibromyalgia.

Sources: JAMA, BreastCancer.Org

Now experts pay special attention to the risk of anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Certain types of silicone breast implants were even recalled in 2019, as they were associated with a high incidence of this blood tumor, as well as with autoimmune disorders.

One of the possible causes of disease is silicone leakage. Older implant models used liquid silicone, while newer ones use gel – there is little scientific data on its possible leakage.

New research

In a new study, researchers from the Netherlands compared gel leakage from two different types of breast implants. To do this, they checked how often silicone was present in body tissues in 389 women who received breast implants between 1986 and 2020 at the clinic. University of Nijmegen. St. Radboda of Utrecht

Silicone was found in tissue samples surrounding the mammary gland in 97.6% of women. It turned out that the risk of its ingestion into the body is approximately the same when using implants of different types. At the disposal of scientists was information on biopsies of lymph nodes of 41 women. Results from 40 of them showed the presence of silicone.

Six of the women reviewed in the study developed anaplastic large cell lymphoma. Despite the frightening numbers from this study, this complication is currently considered very rare.

The authors of the work recalled that implants are a foreign body for the human body. They are attacked by the immune system, due to which the toxicity of silicone can increase. The potential hazards of silicone in the body are gaining more and more attention from scientists and regulatory agencies. For example, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued guidelines on how physicians should communicate potential risks to patients.

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