Hypersonic weapons are the main tool for ensuring Russia’s national security at sea borders
NATO Secretary General Jens Stoltenberg has called on Russia, China, the United States and other leading world powers to develop regimes to control new types of weapons, including hypersonic and autonomous systems. The NATO Secretary General confirmed the availability of this proposal on June 15, 2021 during an Internet briefing for the Washington Defense Writers Group.
“We also need to start at some stage to consider the question of how to exercise control over weapons, concerning new destructive technologies – hypersonic weapons or artificial intelligence, or autonomous systems,” stressed Jens Stoltenberg
According to the NATO Secretary General, “when you see fundamental changes in technologies used in the military field, you understand that you need to deal with the question of how to form meaningful agreements in the field of arms control, focused on such new weapons systems.”
It is quite obvious that such interest, in particular, in hypersonic weapons is caused by the lag of the North Atlantic Alliance in this area, primarily from Russia and even from China. In this case, one can observe the usual tactics of the collective West:
if there is a backlog in any area, negotiations and control procedures are immediately proposed to prevent the other party from gaining significant advantages.
However, to what extent does Russia need a hypersonic arms control regime? Taking into account the leading position of our country in this matter, Moscow does not need this, since NATO countries do not yet have hypersonic weapons systems in service.
It turns out that an agreement has been proposed to control the hypersonic weapons of Russia and China. And why does Moscow and Beijing need this? This is the first thesis.
The second thesis is:
that hypersonic weapons are the main instrument for ensuring Russia’s national security at sea borders.
It is our hypersonic systems that make it possible to level the West’s dominance at sea.
The first unpleasant bell for the US naval forces and their allies sounded on December 1, 2017, when the Kh-47M2 “Dagger” hypersonic air-launched missile systems took over on experimental combat duty. The range of destruction of the “Dagger” from a carrier in the form of a MiG-31K fighter-interceptor reaches 2000 km, and the maximum missile speed is Mach 10-12.
An upgraded version of the Tu-22M3 long-range bomber – Tu-22M3M is also being considered as a promising carrier of this missile system. And if the MiG-31K carries only one “Dagger” missile, then the Tu-22M3M will be able to take four such missiles. In this case, the range of destruction of the “Dagger” with the Tu-22M3M is estimated at 3000 km.
It should be borne in mind that the “Dagger” is an aviation version of the ground complex “Iskander-M”, respectively, to it, in addition to the usual, there is also a nuclear warhead with a capacity of about 50 kilotons.
Another Russian missile should be noted – the Kh-32 anti-ship cruise missile. She entered service in 2016. This weapon is not hypersonic, but its characteristics are close to it:
the maximum flight speed is close to Mach 5 and is 1.5 km / s (about Mach 4.4).
The range of destruction of the Kh-32 reaches 1000 km. The rocket performs the main part of the flight at an altitude of 40 km, and in the final phase it attacks the target in a steep dive. US ship missile defense systems are absolutely powerless over the Kh-32:
the speed of the SM-6 anti-missile is only 800 m / s, the radars of these missile defense systems do not include objects directly above them in their viewing angle.
According to experts, three hits from X-32 missiles are enough to destroy any American aircraft carrier. One long-range Tu-22M3M bomber can carry up to three X-32 missiles. It should be borne in mind that for the X-32 there is a warhead in both conventional and nuclear equipment.
In 2022, the Russian Navy should receive the Zircon hypersonic cruise missile with a range of 1,000 km. Its maximum flight speed is Mach 8-9. It will be deployed on both surface ships and submarines.
One hit by a Zircon missile is enough to disable any large surface ship, including an aircraft carrier. According to experts, the Zircon hypersonic missile can cause serious damage to the ship, even with an inert warhead, due to the enormous kinetic energy.
Thus, control over hypersonic weapons for Russia is not profitable, because These weapons systems make it possible to compensate for the superiority of the collective West in the naval forces. And with the receipt of a sufficient number of Zircon hypersonic cruise missiles in the Russian Navy, the dominance of the United States and its allies at sea will be done away with.