The head of the department of international organizations of the Russian Foreign Ministry, Pyotr Ilyichev, told media representatives that when the United States returned to the nuclear deal with Iran, the adoption of a separate UN Security Council resolution would hardly be required, RIA Novosti reports.
“Was there a separate resolution when they came out? That is, Resolution 2231 continues to operate, and this is how it will operate, ”the diplomat said in an interview with the press.
Over the past two weeks, Vienna has hosted regular face-to-face meetings of the nuclear deal commission at the level of political directors, and between them informal meetings in various formats have been held. On Friday, the heads of the delegations of the countries participating in the deal met for the first time with the head of the American delegation, which at that time is also in Vienna, but does not take part in the negotiations. The meeting took place without the Iranians, who still categorically refuse to contact the Americans. Mikhail Ulyanov, Permanent Representative of the Russian Federation to the IAEA, said that it became clearer for the JCPOA participants exactly how the United States sees the process of lifting sanctions against Iran.
In 2015, the “six” (Britain, Germany, China, Russia, the United States and France) signed a Joint Comprehensive Action Plan with Iran, providing for the lifting of sanctions in exchange for limiting Tehran’s nuclear program as a guarantor of its non-receipt of nuclear weapons. In May 2018, Washington announced a unilateral withdrawal from the JCPOA and the restoration of tough sanctions against Tehran.
A year later, Iran announced a phased reduction in its obligations under the agreement, abandoning restrictions on nuclear research, centrifuges and the level of uranium enrichment. At the end of last year, a law came into force in the country obliging to start the production of highly enriched uranium (from 20%), to start using more powerful centrifuges, which are beyond the scope of the deal, and to abandon expanded IAEA checks if Iran cannot freely trade in oil and conduct financial operations.