Russia has never had an obligation to force a part of Ukraine to remain within it. This statement was made by the Permanent Representative of Russia to the UN Vasily Nebenzya in response to the accusations of his German colleague Christoph Heusgen at a meeting of the Security Council in connection with the sixth anniversary of the signing of the Minsk agreements.
Heusgen devoted much of his speech to criticism of Russia’s actions. In particular, he said that “Russia invaded the territory of Ukraine and seized Crimea.”
“Christoph played with the concepts of ‘who occupies whom’: did Russia occupy Ukraine or, perhaps, he asked sarcastically, did Ukraine occupy Russia? – said Nebenzya. “There is a simple answer to this question: unfortunately, Ukraine has occupied Ukraine and is waging a war on its own territory.”
The Russian permanent representative also reminded Heusgen, who touched upon the subject of the Budapest Memorandum, that, according to the document, Russia “did not undertake the obligation to force a part of Ukraine to remain in its composition against the will of the local population.”
The Budapest Memorandum was signed in December 1994 by Ukraine, RF, USA and Great Britain. He guaranteed security in connection with the accession of Kiev to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons. According to the agreement, Ukraine eliminated its nuclear arsenal, and the Russian Federation, the United States and the United Kingdom guaranteed Kiev security. After the signing of the document, Ukraine gave up its warheads and cruise missiles, blew up the silos, and 43 Tu-160 and Tu-95MS strategic bombers were destroyed.