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Aug 20, 2022
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Restrictions on installing a fireplace in the house

Restrictions on installing a fireplace in the house

It would seem, what could be the obstacles to installing a fireplace in the house? After all, approvals and permits (as in a city apartment) will not be required. It’s all about the design of the fireplace: it is she who imposes certain restrictions.

In country houses, as a rule, wood and gas fireplaces are installed, which run on cheaper fuel and heat the room better. However, due to their complex design and large mass, they have a number of operational features that must be taken into account.

Where to install a fireplace?

Mainly on the first floor

It would seem that fireplaces should not have weight restrictions. However, it is worth considering where and what model you want to install. The weight of the complete structure (with a chimney if it is not built into the wall) sometimes requires reinforcement of floors or foundations. The mass of a small brick fireplace is

Floors, as a rule, are not designed for such a load, therefore large models are installed on their own foundations and only on the first floor. On subsequent floors, light ready-made fireplaces or models built into the walls are used.

You can use fireplaces not only on the ground floor of a country house, but then it should be a light gas fireplace for a summer residence.

pipe to the street

In European houses, the chimney is often located in the outer wall or even outside. The climatic conditions of our country, unfortunately, do not allow this to be repeated, so you will have to install a chimney in the warm part of the building, otherwise costly thermal insulation work will be required.

Perfect room with a fireplace

Spacious and tall

There are restrictions on the area of ​​the fireplace room. It must be at least 20 sq. m with a ceiling height of 3 m. If you install a fireplace in a small room, then the volume of air will not be enough for full combustion. In this case, it is necessary to provide a channel for air intake from the street or from a ventilated basement.

Proportionate to the furnace window

You should not place a small fireplace in a large room, because. it just can’t heat the whole room. The area of ​​the furnace window for masonry fireplaces should be 1/50 of the area of ​​​​the room (ratio 1:50), for furnaces and factory fireplaces – 1 kW of power per 10 square meters. m room.

In a room with direct access to the street, the fireplace will be an exclusively decorative element – it is unlikely that you will be able to heat the room with it.

Has the correct shape

It is not recommended to install fireplaces in elongated rooms and corridors, because heating and air supply will be uneven. The fireplace room must have the correct movement of air masses; draft will be disturbed due to frequent drafts. When choosing a gas fireplace for a summer residence, take care of good ventilation of the room.

Place for a fireplace

Here it is important to take into account not only your own desires, but also the recommendations of SNiPs, as well as fire safety rules. For example, the walls near the fireplace must be made of non-combustible materials. In a wooden house, it is better to install an island model or carry out firefighting work.

It is undesirable to place the fireplace opposite the window, as part of the heat will be lost. The furnace window should face the center of the room. In any case, you need to contact a specialist who will professionally evaluate such moments as the movement of air in the premises and the quality of the floors.

There are many “pitfalls” that only masters know about. For example, in a wooden house it is important to know how the floor beams are laid, the possibility of installing a chimney depends on this. He needs a hole measuring a meter by a meter. If they are laid with a smaller step than required, it will be necessary to make an expensive reconstruction.

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