Computer technologies are part of the modern world. Integration of IT systems into the production process is ongoing in private and public companies, institutions and departments of various levels. With the constant increase in demand, the need for specialists in computer technology is also growing. Professions in demand:
- network engineer;
- System Administrator;
- Web Designer;
- Web developer;
- system architect;
- web graph;
- a lot others.
Labor market experts predict the demand for IT specialists in the next 10-15 years, and advise applicants to take a closer look at the relevant areas of training in universities.
This area of training brings together a dozen in-demand professions related to computer technology. The job responsibilities of an employee depend on the company in which he works. This could be:
- development, adjustment and ensuring the smooth operation of the local and global network;
- purchase of PCs and other equipment;
- repair and modernization of PCs;
- website development.
The advantage of the specialty is that graduates can work in any public and private structure where there are computers. The level of remuneration at the initial stage is 25-30 thousand rubles with career prospects.
In Moscow and the Moscow region, the average salary of an IT employee is 100-120 thousand rubles. There is a possibility of cooperation on freelance, a remote format of cooperation with an employer.
Computer systems and complexes
The duties of specialists in PC systems and complexes include:
- development and installation of information systems and complexes;
- their maintenance, preventive and current repair;
- modernization of equipment and software;
- protection of databases from hacking;
- network security in general.
A diploma from a specialized university allows young specialists to work as technicians in research institutes, develop programs for offices and entertainment, repair and configure PCs for private clients, teach in technical schools and universities.
Graduates have good prospects – many employers offer computer specialists without experience a salary of 30 thousand rubles, and after 3-5 years the amount of income increases by 50-75% or more.
Foreign clients are interested in cooperation with Russian computer systems specialists and offer them attractive working conditions. Fluency in English and an understanding of European standard schemes will be significant advantages for candidates in interviewing and selection.
Development and information technology
This direction is creative, but based on the study of fundamental disciplines. In the learning process, students thoroughly study higher and discrete mathematics, the theory of algorithms, decision-making, mathematical statistics, physics, and probability theory.
Their competence is the creation of gaming, office, developmental programs and applications, 3D modeling, NET development, administration of information networks.
The advantage is that students are engaged in software development during their studies, and by the end of the university they already have certain developments and a ready-made portfolio.
Graduated graduates can work:
- IT engineers;
- business process analysts;
- project managers;
- scientific workers;
- teachers of technical universities.
The level of remuneration depends on the place of work, position and experience, but in any case it is higher than the average in Russia, since the demand for professionals in these areas is high.
It takes 5.5 years to train professionals in the field of PC and network security according to the State Standard. Areas of training include:
- mathematical methods of information protection;
- creation of secure software, including mobile applications;
- ensuring the security of computing systems;
- technical expertise of operating systems.
During the years of study, students master the methods and languages of programming, security models of information systems, information security and the basics of its construction.
The main duty of an employee is to prevent hacking and information leakage, including industrial espionage. This is difficult because hackers do not stand still – they invent and implement new methods. Cybersecurity in a company must minimize these risks and resist unauthorized access attempts.
Many aces of their business started out with programming under the guidance of more experienced colleagues. When they gained sufficient experience, they looked for vacancies in IT companies or the corresponding departments of state companies.
Employers offer cybersecurity specialists 50-70 thousand rubles at the initial stage. With experience and expansion of job duties, salaries also increase. It often amounts to thousands of dollars, because the importance of reliable information protection can hardly be overestimated.
Mathematical, engineering, informational, organizational knowledge is equally important for a programmer. Wages in this area are much higher than in others.
An ordinary programmer easily earns 90-100 thousand rubles a month, and talented, non-standard-minded specialists who come up with and implement interesting projects receive 5-10 times more.
All areas are open to certified programmers: from shopping and entertainment and the service sector to serious industries engaged in the production of turbines, developing devices, new generation engines, highly intelligent machine tools and equipment.
Intuitive, functional, pleasant to interact with, working without “glitches” software is the key to the popularity of Internet banking, any application of transport, courier and other companies. Serious business owners are ready to invest serious money in software and its subsequent modernization.
PC Engineering is a technical specialty associated with assembling, repairing, testing PCs, designing and maintaining computer networks, cloud services and storage.
Graduates of undergraduate and graduate programs must thoroughly understand technical, computing systems, and programming. After graduation, they can work:
- technicians or software engineers;
- electronic engineers;
- systems technicians;
- research institute staff;
- specialists in the computerization of technical systems and communications.
The field of “engineering” deals mainly with the internal problems of intelligent equipment and systems.
A promising computer engineer earns 100-115 thousand dollars a year. European and American companies willingly enter into contracts with Russian specialists – provided that they have the necessary experience, interesting ideas, accreditation and knowledge of the English language.
The web graphics, web designer, graphic designer and other creative professions are directly related to computer technology. The services of such specialists are in demand in advertising agencies, agencies for the development and promotion of sites, design bureaus.
You can get a specialty of a web designer at design schools, in advanced graphics courses, at universities. The scope of activity is limited only by the flight of imagination of a graphic designer:
- GIF images;
- advertising images;
- website design;
- original layouts of advertising printing;
- decoration of galleries, shops, shopping centers;
- creation of posters and much more.
Graphics are essential for successful work such qualities as:
- fresh ideas;
- artistic taste;
- experience in their field;
- knowledge of basic programs;
- basic programming skills.
Talented designers always have a lot of customers and, accordingly, high wages. It is difficult to determine the average amount, because each computer graphic has its own prices.
A systems architect is a person who has a broad systems vision. He does not develop new software, does not support and update it. A system architect is an expert, a guru, who seeks and finds new solutions and architecture for the implementation of specific tasks.
Simply put, an architect, guided by his knowledge and experience, draws up a clear and consistent action plan, which indicates the tools, source, and other nuances.
His decisions are key, the success of the entire project depends on their correctness. It is clear that a single higher education is not enough for a system architect – he needs impressive work experience (preferably in different computer areas), a non-standard vision of the situation, an analytical mindset in order to analyze a project, assess its capabilities, and completeness of implementation.
A systems analyst is a manager, although his main job responsibilities are directly related to information systems. The analyst prepares terms of reference for programmers, distributes them and monitors the progress of the work.
If difficulties arise, the analyst has the right to make adjustments to the terms of reference, insist that the system architect rebuild the chain, change the goals of the software being developed.
Systems analysts are usually programmers with the makings of a leader. In small companies, they often combine this work with marketing and sales.
In the field of information technology, other specialists are also in demand, including managers, managers, middle and senior executives. Their functions practically do not differ from the functions that the same specialists perform in public catering, the education system, housing and communal services and road facilities. It makes no sense to dwell on them in detail.