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Dec 28, 2020
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Postcoid rehabilitation. Measures to minimize common complications

List of complications after COVID-19

COVID-19 has proven to be an extremely insidious infection. It was marked not only by a severe course in a number of cases and a complication of even a mild course, but also by rather dangerous consequences.

Among them, people who have had a new infection distinguish:

  • Problems with the lungs and breathing, developing against the background of the resulting fibrosis;
  • Heart problems, which, as you know, often suffer after various infectious pathologies, also with an unpredictable effect;
  • Problems with the gastrointestinal tract and general condition.

Naturally, many are interested in how to minimize the consequences and quickly recover from the infection.

Lung problems

Lung disease is an important issue, especially with covid. After all, one of the complications is just a malfunction of the respiratory system. Coronavirus infection leads to a very rapid progression of inflammatory processes in the main organ of the respiratory system. On CT, which is carried out today, including for the diagnosis of covid, areas of frosted glass are noted, and doctors also talk about fibrotic manifestations.

Fibrosis is the replacement of healthy organ tissue with scar tissue. As a result, failures in gas exchange begin. A person begins to feel shortness of breath, due to lack of air it becomes difficult for him to breathe, breathing becomes more frequent, fatigue increases. Naturally, the issue of restoring lung tissue worries many. Pulmonologists note that pulmonary fibrosis does not go away quickly: the reverse development can last from six months to 2 years.

You can help recovery from an infection and lung damage with the help of breathing exercises, doctors say. “It can be done independently or with the help of specialists from the medical center. The exercises can be repeated several times a day. There are many options for breathing exercises, one of the most popular is Strelnikova’s gymnastics.

You can also use special inhalations and breathing simulators. You should first consult with your doctor regarding the choice of methodology and the frequency of performing the procedures, ”notes Head of the Department of Allergology and Immunology of the Central Clinical Hospital of the Russian Academy of Sciences, Allergologist-Immunologist, Assistant of the Department of Immunology of the Russian National Research Medical University named after N.I. Pirogova Evgeniya Parshina

Matters of the heart

The coronavirus also has a dangerous effect in relation to the heart and blood pressure. Viral infections often lead to problems such as pressure surges, inflammation of the heart muscle, etc. Naturally, such consequences seriously worsen a person’s quality of life.

“The patient should be under the supervision of a physician, after an inpatient examination, the prerequisites for the development of certain diseases, including hypertension, are determined. As you know, in most cases, hypertension is a chronic disease. The doctor determines the tactics of treatment and prevention. In this case, it is worth connecting self-monitoring in the form of regular measurement of blood pressure, ”says professor, doctor of medical sciences, cardiologist, expert of the League of Health of the Nation Mehman Mammadov

To correct the situation if heart problems begin, a whole range of measures will be required, the cardiologist notes. It includes:

  • Diet;
  • Correctly selected physical activity;
  • Therapy – both medication and non-medication – as prescribed by a specialist, depending on the person’s condition and clinical picture.

As a rule, Mehman Mammadov notes, a person’s recovery after coronavirus, if it has affected the heart, begins in a hospital setting, and then continues at home. “In no case, during the rehabilitation process, a person should not take alcohol, experience excessive physical exertion, or practice a violation of the diet. And, of course, there should be no self-medication, ”says Mehman Mammadov.

Gastrointestinal Disorders and General Health Disorder

It is known that the coronavirus in some cases negatively affects the functioning of the gastrointestinal tract. The digestive tract is usually restored with diet therapy, the establishment of a drinking regimen and rest. In difficult cases, a consultation with a gastroenterologist is required with the passage of the necessary number of tests. Then the specialist will give his recommendations for recovery.

As for the general weakness, it is also not worth ignoring it, as well as hoping that it will pass by itself. “Restoration of health is necessary for all patients with coronavirus, regardless of whether they have violations of vital functions and how pronounced they are,” says immunologist Evgenia Parshina. She emphasizes that special vigilance should be shown not only to people with chronic pathologies.

“If you have noticed signs of an exacerbation of a chronic disease or the emergence of new complaints, such as interruptions in the pulse, discomfort in the heart, increased blood pressure, headaches, dizziness, sleep disturbances, problems with the gastrointestinal tract that have not previously bothered, you should contact a specialist.” , – says Evgenia Parshina.

Against the background of a complex epidemiological situation, many clinics today correctly assess the importance of not only timely therapy, but also high-quality rehabilitation after illness. Therefore, there are many different recovery programs.

Patients, as the cardiologist noted above, are often helped to recover in a combined way: in a hospital with the continuation of the rehabilitation program at home. They are offered the following activities within the program:

  • Consultation of specialists, including narrow specialists;
  • Carrying out diagnostic measures;
  • Selection of the optimal method of therapy, including physiotherapy, for example, through inhalation.

Of course, one should not hope that “it will pass by itself” and wasted time. “Unfortunately, at the moment, humanity is only getting to know the consequences of the postponed coronavirus infection. Therefore, the consequences can be unpredictable, and it is better to consult a doctor as soon as possible, ”notes Evgenia Parshina.

There are contraindications, you need to consult a doctor

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