Oct 12, 2020
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Popular unrest, protests and revolutions in Kyrgyzstan. Infographics

In the Kyrgyz capital Bishkek, protests are taking place, the initial reason for which was the results of the parliamentary elections held in the country on October 4. 12 out of 16 political parties disagreed with the election results. Their leaders called on their supporters to come to a peaceful rally, which eventually resulted in clashes between demonstrators and police. The discontent of the population was caused by the fact that the authorities ignored facts of violation of the law and engaged in bribery of voters.

Against the background of the unrest, the leaders of the power and law enforcement structures of Kyrgyzstan demanded that the political forces of the country return the situation that has arisen in the republic to the legal framework. President remains legitimate in Kyrgyzstan now Sooronbai Jeenbekov and Jogorku Kenesh (parliament), however, they have not yet taken significant decisions to resolve the current situation. A state of emergency was introduced in Bishkek until October 21. The President instructed to bring military formations with military equipment to Bishkek to organize checkpoints, suppress armed clashes, ensure the protection of law and order and protect the civilian population.

Political crises and social upheavals occur in Kyrgyzstan on a regular basis. The economic potential of the former Soviet republic in the 90s of the XX century came to naught. According to the World Bank, the country's GDP in 1999 halved to $ 1.2 billion, compared with $ 2.6 billion at the beginning of Akayev's rule in 1991. And by 2005, every second citizen of the country (about 46%) lived below the poverty line. Politicians tried to improve the situation, including with the support of donor countries and international organizations, but due to ineffective government and corruption, the set goals were not achieved.

Popular unrest and mass protests caused by a low standard of living, price increases, self-elimination of the authorities from solving economic and social problems, internal political events, and exacerbation of interethnic issues break out regularly in the country. In March 2005, massive protests that began after the regular parliamentary elections led to the overthrow of the president Askara Akayeva and coming to his post Kurmanbek Bakiyev... The change of power was called the “Tulip Revolution”.

In April 2010, mass protests over the arrest of opposition leaders erupted into a new revolution, often referred to as "melon". President Bakiyev fled, and an interim government headed by an opposition leader came to power Roza Otunbayeva...

The fourth president of Kyrgyzstan is in the center of the events of autumn 2020 Almazbek Atambaev... His son Seitbek Atambaev heads one of the parties that lost the parliamentary elections on October 4. In 2019, Almazbek Atambayev was deprived of the status of ex-president and immunity due to the fact that the Prosecutor General's Office discovered signs of corruption, abuse of office and illegal enrichment in his actions as head of state, and was subsequently sentenced to imprisonment for a term of eleven years and two months.

On October 6, 2020, after negotiations between a group of protesters and the leadership of the State Committee for National Security, the ex-president, along with other politicians, was released from the pre-trial detention center. Speaking at a rally in Bishkek on October 9, Almazbek Atambayev called the protests in the republic a new, "third revolution."

The Central Election Commission has already annulled the election results and appointed a repeat one in a month. How they will be held, what parties and in what composition will take part in them is still unknown.

What unrest and unrest has swept the country over the past 20 years, see the infographic

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