Mar 30, 2021
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Polish question and two Poland

From anti-communist course to anti-Russian course

Recently, Poland began repressions against the German ships involved in securing the laying of the Nord Stream 2; Warsaw is striking both in the east and in the west – against Russia and Germany … Poland recently handed over to the Kiev regime a batch of armored vehicles for the war “to fight the aggressor” …

News of this kind comes in regularly. Poland is perceived as one of the main enemies of Russia in Europe. This hostility towards Russia is partly playful: in the eyes of old Europe, the Polish leaders want to look like the main defenders of Western civilization from the “threat from the east”, and in the eyes of their senior overseas partner – the main support in the struggle against the same old Europe. This is partly playful hostility, but partly conceptual. The Polish gentry of our days has a long-standing historical anger because of the lost status of the “hegemon of Eastern Europe”, a great power “from sea to sea” in the past. Hence the widespread perception of Poland as a knowingly hostile country to Russia, as a historical enemy that has been encroaching on Russian lands since the times of Ancient Rus.

However, if we leave the templates and take a closer look, we will see that this is not entirely true. According to sociologists, if, on the one hand, 59% of Poles perceive Russia today as an enemy or rival (eight years ago there were 40%), then, on the other hand, 64% of Poles would like to have friendly or even allied relations with Russia. And the relationship of enmity and rivalry – 29%. That is, out of 59% of Poles hostile to Russia, 30% would like to avoid enmity with the Russians.

This is an essential point. Why does everything look different in the Polish political elite? The answer is obvious: because those in power in Poland are those who do political business out of enmity with Russia and sell enmity with Russia as a commodity. Partly to old Europe, the same England, partly to America. And also to Ukraine – in exchange for cheap labor of laborers-workers.

However, the question remains: why two forces dominate in Polish politics (Law and Justice and Civic Platform), which together represent only 29% of the population in the question of relations with Russia? If two-thirds of Poland’s population would like friendly relations with Russia, why was the power monopolized by representatives of one-third, which thirsts for enmity? Law and Justice received 43% of the vote in the 2019 elections, Civic Platform – 27%. Together – 70% of the votes. The opposing coalition of the left gathered about 13%, but hardly any of the three groups included in it can be considered friendly to Russia, although the leading force of the coalition – the Social Democratic Union – is the successor of the Polish United Workers’ Party (PUWP), which ruled in the socialist NDP.

The PUWP lost power in 1989, when, under Gorbachev, Moscow refused to support this party and forced it to cooperate with the anti-communist opposition. The PUWP was considered a communist partyit was quite so, and it was, at least under Boleslav Bierut, who headed the party in 1948-56.

Bierut died in Moscow almost the night after Khrushchev’s speech at the XX Congress of the CPSU. Supporters of the “Polish path to socialism”, an alliance with the Catholic Church, and rejection of collective forms of farming in the countryside came to power in the party and in the country. They managed to expel from the leadership of the party and from the country Marshal of the Soviet Union K.K. Rokossovsky, a Pole on his father’s side, a member of the Politburo of the PUWP Central Committee, who served as Deputy Chairman of the Council of Ministers and Minister of Defense of the People’s Republic of Poland. The leaders of the PUWP were removed from those who were considered pro-Soviet. As a result, everything ended for Poland with the expansion of economic cooperation with the West, several crises and the coming to power of the anti-communist, and today anti-Russian leadership.

In the series of these events (the sudden death of Bierut, the expulsion of Rokossovsky, the establishment of cooperation with the Vatican) there was something that is usually not remembered.

In 1965, the leaders of the left wing of the PUWP created the Soviet-oriented Communist Party of Poland, headed by Kazimierz Miyal, one of the founders of the PUWP, an associate of Boleslav Bierut. However, she was outlawed and persecuted by the Polish authorities. Moscow did not mind. And since the mid-1950s, when the Polish authorities began to move away from the USSR, step by step, opponents of alienation in Polish society could not find support in Khrushchev’s Moscow. This was the threshold of the situation, which was discussed from above: 64% of Poles are in favor of good relations with Russia, and power in the country belongs to representatives of those 29% who adhere to an anti-Russian course.

Photo: “Polish March”

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