The regime is unable to speak to the people in the language of coercion
Parents and educators in Ukraine come up with special legal schemes that allow children to bypass the ban on education in Russian, which is certainly of better quality. At the same time, among the population, the demand for schools in which education is at least partially conducted in Russian is several times higher than for Ukrainian institutions.
According to the discriminatory Ukrainianization laws that came into force under President Volodymyr Zelensky, most Ukrainian schools from September 2020 should have be almost completely translated into the Ukrainian language of instruction. An exception was made only for educational institutions of national minorities speaking the “languages of the European Union” (Hungarian, Romanian, Bulgarian and other languages of the EU member states). These received a postponement until 2023, but only at first: in the future, such “European” institutions will be allowed to teach children in their native language only in the lower grades. In high school, at least 60% of their study time should be occupied by subjects on the move.
At the same time, it is well known: the main “national minority”, or rather, the majority of the population of Ukraine, are people who speak and think in Russian. They are also the main object of discrimination. From the 5th grade, children of Russian and Russian-speaking families will have to study at least 80% of subjects in the language.
These anti-popular laws, together with the prohibition to use the native Russian language in official office work, the media, cinema, theater, publishing, in the service sector, should, as the Ukrainian authorities expect, completely oust the Russian language from Ukraine.
However, not everything is so smooth. According to a survey conducted in August by the Social Monitoring Center, less than 32% of Ukrainians speak exclusively Ukrainian in their families and at home. At the same time, 27% say that they use both languages, 14% – that they communicate mainly in Russian, and for 11% Russian is the only and exclusive language. Draw conclusions.
There are now 2,250 pupils per school with Russian as the language of instruction, versus 276 pupils per “movable” school. The difference is more than eightfold.
Version “Country.news” describes a mechanism that allows a school in one of the major cities of Ukraine to bypass language bans. In addition to language and literature, children study mathematics and natural sciences in Russian. Of the 36 lessons per week, 12 are taught in Russian.
According to the teachers, this became possible due to the fact that the Russian language itself is included in the “invariant component of the curriculum”, formally not being completely obligatory. However, in order to refuse the “curriculum”, in the classroom you need to collect at least 8 signatures of parents. In such schools, 100% of families usually support education in Russian, so there are no problems. The “quota” freed due to the “invariant” hours is redirected to the study of other basic subjects in Russian, in particular mathematics. Legally, everything is completely legal, you will not present any claims to the school.
Where they do not dare to make such a move, Russian is studied as a “second foreign language”. It’s funny about “foreign”, but the authorities cannot afford to forbid it.
Politicians opposed to the regime emphasize that the situation in which tens of millions of people are forced to look for legal loopholes for communication and education of children in their native language is abnormal.
“On what basis does the Ukrainian language have an advantage over Russian? Here we live in Kiev. The last 30 years before the adoption of the law, the Russian language, and therefore citizens, were under the protection of the Constitution. Before that, for 70 years there was the USSR, where Russian was the state language, that is, millions of people spoke it and did not consider it alien and hostile. Before that, the Russian Empire was here for hundreds of years. How many years did people have to live on their land so that they could consider themselves an indigenous people and not hesitate to speak their language? In what territory (in what areas) and in what period until 1917 was the Ukrainian language the state language or the language of communication? “ – asks the public figure Pavel Sebastianovich.
However, the Ze-team, which before coming to power, hypocritically exploited the idea of combating Ukrainian radical nationalism in the cultural and linguistic sphere and got millions of votes on this, broke with reality. Now violent Ukrainization is carried out even more harshly than under Poroshenko and Turchynov. Zelenskiy did not draw any conclusions from the lessons of 2014, when the tightening of language screws led to the falling away of Crimea and Donbass, and the Russian language in Ukraine goes into the pedagogical underground.
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