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Aug 25, 2022
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Peaceful atom switches to “small format”

Peaceful atom switches to

Photo: Eric Romanenko/TASS

By 2030, the first low-power nuclear power plant (ASMM) should appear in the Russian Federation, in any case, so they say in Rosatom. Several billion rubles have been allocated for its development, and the first object is supposed to be delivered in Yakutia. Unless, of course, the project is mastered, which is not at all a fact. Meanwhile, such developments were about 40 years ago, and at the end of the USSR, even ready-made samples appeared that could be launched into a series. It can be done even today.

“JSC NIKIET will develop a technical design for a reactor plant (RU) and the main technological equipment of the main low-power nuclear power plant (ASMM) based on the SHELF-M reactor plant, which provides power generation up to 10 MW,” Rosatom said.

“JSC NIKIET is a Rosatom structure, it was given 3 billion 987 million rubles, so that by the end of 2024 this very project would be born. With a reactor thermal power of 36 MW, electric generation will be up to 10 MW. The stations must be delivered to the construction site in the form of ready-made modules assembled at the factory, this also applies to the reactor plant.

In theory, it’s a good thing, necessary, even very good. And not just in the north. Mini-nuclear power plants near each regional center will provide the country with a sea of ​​​​cheap energy, provide protection against blackouts (including this is relevant from the point of view of national security) and stimulate the development of local industry. Actually, the idea is not new; in the mid-80s of the twentieth century, such a project existed in the Soviet Union, or rather, it was already completely ready for implementation.

The work then went in two directions – thermoelectric energy converters (reactors of the “Romashka” and “Topaz” types) and “classic” compact nuclear power plants of the “Pamir-630D” type etc. The first theme was tied to space, the second, in general, also had a defensive significance. Both projects had an electric power of about 0.5 mW, but in the stationary version it was easy to increase it by 10–20 times, there were also similar developments.

It was assumed that each military town in the vast expanses of the USSR would receive a compact underground nuclear power plant, which would work both for defense and for supporting the life of the settlement. Including the local small industry, which was also going to be developed. The planned power of the stations was different – from 0.5 MW to 10 MW or more. Depending on what are the tasks at a particular address.

The task of diversifying (dispersing) generating capacities and creating reserve protected stations was also considered, because in wartime large facilities and power lines are very vulnerable. And to bomb hundreds and thousands of small nuclear power plants, and even those buried deep underground, is an extremely non-trivial matter.

In addition to defense, other, very interesting, tasks were also assumed. In particular, there was a project for the development of small metallurgical plants, academician Yuri Tsvetkov in every possible way promoted the idea of ​​plasma metallurgy, and then things got off the ground.

Plasma metallurgy makes it possible to work with deposits, the development of which is unprofitable by conventional methods. In addition, this is a great option for recycling ferrous metal (and non-ferrous metal too). Plus, the environmental effect – such plants do not harm nature.

Nuclear Refineries is another unrealized project. Now, in the production of automotive fuel, up to half of the oil is burned, and the use of nuclear reactors allows all 100% of the “black gold” to be used. The ecological effect of such modernization, probably, cannot even be explained.

Cities and towns were supposed to be transferred to nuclear thermal power plants, and villages too, by that time the industry had mastered the production of very inexpensive, simple and efficient heaters for houses. In fact, this is a block of heating elements, poured into a piece of concrete – safe, cheap and effective.

There were other projects for the use of the “peaceful atom”, and it was precisely with the support of multiple mini-nuclear power plants. Although large ones were also supposed to be built in great numbers. But the accident at the Chernobyl nuclear power plant and the actions Mikhail Gorbachev generally led to the abolition of the atomic program.

In the Soviet years, from the point of view of the expediency of the nuclear program, everything was simple – you need to develop the country’s energy sector in order to make people’s lives better. This applies to home heating, the environment, and industry — the creation of new jobs. What now?

Who needs Rosatom mini-nuclear power plants is not clear in principle, the authorities plan to develop the economy at a normal pace mainly on paper, with the growth of the “electorate” welfare, a similar story. The entire “industry” of Russia is in the hands of the oligarchs – both federal and local, who export most of the extracted resources, and the money is also taken abroad.

At the same time, corrupt “analysts” are constantly squealing that the energy sector of the Russian Federation is redundant in terms of power generation. Say, it would be nice to close some of the stations. At the same time, for some reason, the constant growth of tariffs for the population and industry remains behind the scenes, as if it does not exist. Although each of us constantly feels it in our own pocket. Why then these ASMM?

Kind of like in order to develop projects in the Arctic. What projects? In addition to further plunder of nature, nothing comes to mind. The authorities are silent in a rag. Unless Yakutia has signed a framework agreement with Rosatom that by 2030 a mini-nuclear power plant with this same SHELF-M reactor will start operating in the region. Which is not yet in nature, and its prospects are still vague. Especially in terms of automation.

In the USSR there was an electronic industry, in the Russian Federation there is none in principle. How will these ASMMs be managed through Windows programs? At any moment, a command can come from overseas, and the reactor will go haywire. There are also no operating systems of their own, exactly like hardware.

Indeed, it is high time to transfer the energy of mankind to the “peaceful atom”, including thermonuclear sources. But work on fusion has been curtailed altogether, the global financial kahal, which controls all oil production on the planet, does not need inexpensive electricity. Therefore, nuclear power plants are being closed in the European Union, instead of which gas and coal generation are put into operation. Stone Age, nothing else.

It’s easier for the Chinese, there is order in the Middle Kingdom, and thieves are regularly put up against the wall there. Accordingly, things are moving along. Recently, the installation of facilities for the installation of a small modular reactor ACP100 at the Changjiang Nuclear Power Plant (Hainan Island) has been completed.

Similar nuclear power plants are going to be installed throughout the country – in every district center. Exactly according to Soviet plans – an underground station, the first in the world. And they will succeed. China has everything for this, and metal, and concrete, and electronics, and software. Moreover, “hardware” and software without “bookmarks” from the CIA!

“The Russian economy is on a very clear downtrend… I think that the fourth quarter will be much worse than they were in the second. The recession will accelerate, but from a financial point of view (inflation, interest rate, exchange rate) it will be hardly noticeable. I would call such a situation “very humane euthanasia”: the real sector of the economy is slowly dying, but at the same time everything seems normal on the surface of finances. The budget is fueled by revenues due to the increase in export prices for oil and gas,” says political scientist, Doctor of Economics Vladislav Inozemtsev.

This conclusion, alas, is made by many experts, regardless of their political “colour”. Yes, some kind of “movement” is underway in the Russian Federation, but unsystematic.

“The Russian economy and the financial sector is in a state where each part of it has its own interests. State-owned companies and corporations work for the same interests, state-owned banks – to satisfy the ambitions of their leaders, the government is engaged in stabilization goals. There is no system. The management system is incapable of solving elementary tasks,” said the former adviser to the President of Russia, Minister for Integration and Macroeconomics of the EEC Sergey Glazyev.

In other words, there is a management crisis in the economy.

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